A Study On One Hundred Undergraduate Students From Binghamton University ( Bu )
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One hundred undergraduate students from Binghamton University (BU) participated in this study, all enrolled in Research Methods. Four discussion sections, averaging 25 students each, all completed this experiment. Of the one hundred students, 64% of them were female and 36% were male. The students ranged from 18-25 years old and had an average GPA of the students was 3.3128 with a total standard deviation of 4.924. The current year of the student was 3.06 and the mean semester for students attending BU was 5.23. Of the 100 participants, 92 primarily spoke English. A mean of 17.16 and a standard deviation of 4.916 was calculated with English being the primary language spoke. For participants who spoke another language primarily, a mean of 17.64 and a standard deviation of 4.971 was determined.
Materials and Design
A between-subjects factorial experiment was developed and conducted using a Google form sent to each student. This form is a web-based survey that can be used to create, analyze, and share surveys. Students had the option of completing the experiment on their laptop, cellular device, or tablet. The independent variables of the experiment were the two lists of 25 words, one containing related words and the other unrelated words. One of the lists was categorically chunked, while the other was unrelated in orientation. Each set of words were approximately 4-8 lettered, commonly used nouns and formatted in a 5x6 table. In the chunking list, similarly categorized words were listed horizontally. For instance, horse, cat, dog, fish, and bird were all in the first row. Other categories like different colors and fruits were in proceeding rows. The unrelated lists were also presented in a 5x6 table but were randomly placed. Exampl...
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...one difference. For both discussion classes, a mean of 17.21 was calculated. For Dominika’s class, a standard deviation of 4.924 was recorded for recall. For Sean’s class, the standard deviation was 4.949. F (1,199) = 168.683, p= 0.122. There was no main effect or interaction between which TA presented the experiment.
In the experiment, participants were allowed to use a computer, phone, or tablet. 81 students used a computer, 15 students used a phone, and eight students used a tablet. When the data was chunked, a tablet had the highest overall standard deviation (5.066) and mean (21.50). When the data was unrelated, the use of a phone led to higher recall with a mean of (14.60) and a standard deviation of 3.719. F (1,199)= 49.457, p= 0.350. There was no main effect established for the type of device used to complete the experiment and the amount of words recalled.