2. Wilhelm Wundt, founded the first psychological laboratory in 1879 at the University of Leipzig in Germany. There were only four students that attended his first lecture but by the mid-1890’s all his classes where filled to capacity (Wundt, 1879).
Wundt was primarily interested in memory and selective attention. This is the process by which we determine what we are going to attend to at any given moment. Wundt would use the term voluntarism to describe his view of psychology. He believed that attention is actively controlled by intentions and motives, and that this sets human attention apart from attention in other organisms. In turn, attention controls such other psychological processes as perceptions thoughts and memories. Wundt moved psychology out of the realm of philosophy and into the world of science (Wundt, 1879).
3. William James “Functionalism” 1875. William James was one the first academics to challenge structuralism in America. As James was younger he earned a degree in physiology and also studied philosophy. Unable to decide which one interested him more. In psychology, he found the link between the two. In 1875 he then went on to offer a class at Harvard and this was a psychology class (James, 1875).
James goes on to develop a functionalist theory that focused on how individuals use their perceptual abilities to ada...
... middle of paper ...
...Science, which despite its title included a number of women, among them was 22 female psychologists. Cattell rated 3 of these women as among the 1,000 most distinguished scientists in the country. Mary Whiton Calkins (1863-1930), for her analysis of how we learn verbal material and her contributions to self-psychology. Then there was Christine Ladd-Franklin (1847-1930) for her in color vision; and then Margaret Floy Washburn (1871-1939) for her pioneering research examining the role of imagery in thought processes and the experimental study of animal cognition. Still after all of this door remained closed for women to get an academic career (Mc Keen, 1906).
To present this has changed over the decades, this has changed dramatically. The number of women that have received their degrees in psychology has grown tremendous and will keep growing (Mc Keen, 1906).
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