Throughout these two pieces of academic literature, two key sociologic...
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...or (2001) “Youth
Gangs and Definitional Issues: When is a Gang a Gang, and Why Does it Matter?”.
Sociological Abstracts. 47(1): 105-130
Fox, Kathleen A. and Jodi Lane (2010) “Perceptions of Gangs Among Prosecutors in an
Emerging Gang City.” Sociological Abstracts. 38(4): 595-603.
. Melde, Chris, Terrance J. Taylor and Finn-Aage Esbensen (2009) “‘I Got Your Back’: An
Examination of the Protective Function Membership in Adolescence.” Sociological
Abstracts. 47(2): 565-594.
O’Rielly-Fleming, Thomas and Barry Clark (1993) “Youth Injustice: Canadian Perspectives.” In
Dean E. Frease eds. Dialects and Delinquency. pp. 31-39. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’
Rossiter, Marian J. and Katherine R. Rossiter (2009) “Diamonds in the Rough: Bridging Gaps in
Supports for At-Risk Immigrant and Refugee Youth. Sociological Abstracts. 10(4): 409-
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