Essay A Short Note On Diabetes And Type 2 Diabetes

Essay A Short Note On Diabetes And Type 2 Diabetes

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Jordyn Self-Morici

Diabetes Case Study

1. Distinguish between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes by comparing and contrasting their definitions, bodily effects, warning signs, target groups, and current treatments in a table.

Type 1 Type 2
Definition -Also known as insulin-dependent diabetes (Morahan). Classified as a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces very little insulin. Insulin is responsible for allowing glucose to enter into the cells (Type 1 Diabetes: Diseases and Conditions). Without insulin, cells are not able to take in the necessary glucose. This usually occurs when the body’s immune system begins to destroy the insulin-producing islet cells in the pancreas.
-Linked to a strong genetic prevalence and also to exposure to certain viruses. (Morahan). -Also known as insulin-dependent (Type 2). Type 2 Diabetes is noninsulin-dependent and is classified as a chronic condition. It affects the way glucose is broken down and metabolized in the body. In individuals who are insulin-resistant, the cells are not receiving the proper amount of glucose. Another type results from a lack of insulin production all together.
-Develops when the body becomes resistant to insulin or stops producing and adequate amount.
-Contributions that are associated with Type 2 Diabetes include genetic factors, environmental factors, and excess weight and lack of physical exercise (Type 2).
Bodily Effects -Complications can arise due to a buildup of glucose in the bloodstream. Major organs that can be affected include heart, blood vessels, nerves, eyes, and kidneys. (Type 1 Diabetes: Diseases and Conditions). -Heart and blood vessel disease is one of the possible long-term side effects.
-Neuropathy is a condition that is caused by excess sug...

... middle of paper ...

...ction of resistin is overactive in those suffering from obesity. How does this discovery correlate with Type 2 diabetes?

- People who are obese have higher levels of resistin. This is because resistin is characterized as an adipose-tissue specific hormone (Berger). Resistin is linked to a higher resistance level in cells, meaning insulin cannot perform its job. Obesity is characterized as excessively large adipose cells, so it logically follows suit that those who suffer from obesity would have a greater presence of resistin, being that it is adipose-specific (Berger). An overabundance of resistin is responsible for a higher insulin resistance. A higher insulin resistance means that glucose is not being picked up and the excess amounts of insulin and glucose are irreversibly damaging the beta cells, resulting in permanent insulin dependence (Berger).

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