Diabetes Case Study
1. Distinguish between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes by comparing and contrasting their definitions, bodily effects, warning signs, target groups, and current treatments in a table.
Type 1 Type 2
Definition -Also known as insulin-dependent diabetes (Morahan). Classified as a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces very little insulin. Insulin is responsible for allowing glucose to enter into the cells (Type 1 Diabetes: Diseases and Conditions). Without insulin, cells are not able to take in the necessary glucose. This usually occurs when the body’s immune system begins to destroy the insulin-producing islet cells in the pancreas.
-Linked to a strong genetic prevalence and also to exposure to certain viruses. (Morahan). -Also known as insulin-dependent (Type 2). Type 2 Diabetes is noninsulin-dependent and is classified as a chronic condition. It affects the way glucose is broken down and metabolized in the body. In individuals who are insulin-resistant, the cells are not receiving the proper amount of glucose. Another type results from a lack of insulin production all together.
-Develops when the body becomes resistant to insulin or stops producing and adequate amount.
-Contributions that are associated with Type 2 Diabetes include genetic factors, environmental factors, and excess weight and lack of physical exercise (Type 2).
Bodily Effects -Complications can arise due to a buildup of glucose in the bloodstream. Major organs that can be affected include heart, blood vessels, nerves, eyes, and kidneys. (Type 1 Diabetes: Diseases and Conditions). -Heart and blood vessel disease is one of the possible long-term side effects.
-Neuropathy is a condition that is caused by excess sug...
... middle of paper ...
...ction of resistin is overactive in those suffering from obesity. How does this discovery correlate with Type 2 diabetes?
- People who are obese have higher levels of resistin. This is because resistin is characterized as an adipose-tissue specific hormone (Berger). Resistin is linked to a higher resistance level in cells, meaning insulin cannot perform its job. Obesity is characterized as excessively large adipose cells, so it logically follows suit that those who suffer from obesity would have a greater presence of resistin, being that it is adipose-specific (Berger). An overabundance of resistin is responsible for a higher insulin resistance. A higher insulin resistance means that glucose is not being picked up and the excess amounts of insulin and glucose are irreversibly damaging the beta cells, resulting in permanent insulin dependence (Berger).
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Type 2 Diabetes An issue for my community. Biology 1.2 achievement standard 90926 v1 It is important to understand what type 2 diabetes is and that it is affecting people in New Zealand. Diabetes type 2 is a problem in my community because people eat too much and they don’t want to be active. Is this an issue. Can junk food and lack of exercise lead to diabetes type 2????…. What are the issues of diabetes type 2?.So the question is should the government be providing healthy food stores or cheaper fruits and veggies?.What is the science behind Diabetes type 2???????.... [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin]
1023 words (2.9 pages)
- DKA and Type 1 Diabetes 1 in 300 people in US have Type 1 diabetes. It can present in any age but found most common in children under 12. In general type 1 DM is the result of absolute insulin deficiency. Insulin allows glucose to enter the cell instead of remaining in the blood controlling blood glucose within the body. Type 1 diabetics remain in a state of hyperglycemia continuously, due to their incapacity to produce insulin. Insulin supplementation, meal planning, monitoring blood glucose level and an exercise program facilitate treatment of this disease.... [tags: Insulin, Diabetes mellitus]
1221 words (3.5 pages)
- Diabetes Type 2 Type 2 diabetes is one of the forms of diabetes that is extremely common in the United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) claims that “over 29 million children and adults in the United States have some form of diabetes”( Brind’Amour). “Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease in which people have problems regulating their blood sugar” (Brind’Amour). People who have diabetes will have high blood sugar because their bodies cannot produce enough insulin and do not react to insulin.... [tags: Obesity, Diabetes mellitus, Insulin, Hypertension]
1040 words (3 pages)
- Diabetes Mellitus Type II Diabetes Mellitus Type II is the most common type of diabetes, mostly diagnosed in adults, most resent data have shown an increase in kids and teens. Diabetes Mellitus Type II is the when the body develops a “insulin resistance” and in response the pancreas loses the ability to produce insulin. In other words, the body can produce insulin but it is unsure how to use it or it does not produce enough to maintain. People that suffer from Diabetes Mellitus Type II experience high levels of glucose in their blood (American Heart Association).... [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Blood sugar]
1022 words (2.9 pages)
- Diabetes affects millions of people around the globe with an alarming number of individuals being diagnosed each year and with many more undiagnosed cases. There are also large economic and health concerns as this disease spreads throughout the world. This paper will focus on both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Diabetes is a chronic disease that results in how the body utilizes insulin production or how the body makes use of the insulin it produces. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar in the body which aids in glucose transportation into the cells in the body.... [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin]
1213 words (3.5 pages)
A Short Note On Active Cigarette Smoking And Its Risk Factors Associated With Developing Type 2 Diabetes
- Abstract Diabetes is a chronic disease which is a great concern throughout the world. The purpose of the research was to find out the correlation between active cigarette smoking and its risk factors associated with developing type 2 diabetes. The study was directed among adults ages eighteen to forty- five who are active smokers. A survey questionnaire was throughout the research which included individuals who were White, Asians, African American, Hispanics and others. The data was analyzed by using Microsoft Excel.... [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Blood sugar, Diabetes, Sugar]
3216 words (9.2 pages)
- Epidemiology Final Paper Princy Thapaliya Envm 510 22nd October 2016 Diabetes 1. Chronic diseases are the type of diseases that stays for the long period or keeps coming back. Chronic diseases cannot be treated or prevented from any medications. According to the Centers for diseases control and prevention (CDC) chronic diseases are the leading causes for the deaths in United States. As of in 2012, at least 50 % of the adults have at least one chronic diseases and 25% of the adults have the more than two chronic diseases.... [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin, Diabetes]
2557 words (7.3 pages)
- Cause of diabetes- Diabetes is when the body can’t produce insulin; the insulin helps to control the sugar (glucose) level in the blood. Glucose is a type of sugar that is found in foods and sugary drinks. Glucose is absorbed by the body as part of digestion and is also carried around the body in the blood. For those people who don’t have type 1 diabetes the pancreas produces insulin which then takes any glucose out of the blood and into the cells where it then converts the glucose into energy, however for a person with type 1 diabetes its different as the pancreas doesn’t produce insulin as it’s an autoimmune condition.... [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin, Myocardial infarction]
851 words (2.4 pages)
- diabetes, caused by a deficiency of the pancreatic hormone insulin, which results in a failure to metabolize sugars and starch. Diabetes mellitus is characterized as the chronic elevation of blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia) resulting from defects in insulin secretion or insulin action. Diabetes mellitus falls into two broad categories or types namely type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Type 1 diabetes mellitus also referred to as juvenile diabetes, it can also develop in adults. This type of diabetes mellitus occurs when your body no longer produces insulin because the immune system that normally protects the body against bacteria and viruses has attacked and destroyed the cells that pr... [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin, Obesity, Blood sugar]
1784 words (5.1 pages)
- Diabetes is a disease, which can affect entire parts of a person’s body. It is known that the body cannot produce insulin by themselves . Insulin is a hormone made in the pancreas by beta cells. When food is consumed, insulin is released into the bloodstream where it helps to move glucose from the food eaten into cells and convert it into energy and store it. Without insulin, the body cannot use the energy stored in the body which in turn builds high sugar in the blood (Diabetes Australia, 2015).There are two major types of diabetes and these are type 1 diabetes (insulin dependent Mellitus), which is generally known to be precipitated by an autoimmune condition which destroys the cells in... [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Blood sugar, Insulin, Diabetes]
1612 words (4.6 pages)