Essay about A Short Note On Diabetes And Its Effects On America 's Health System

Essay about A Short Note On Diabetes And Its Effects On America 's Health System

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Type 2 Diabetes, also known as Diabetes Mellitus, is a disease that is wildly prevalent in America. Due to our high fat diet and an astonishing two-thirds of the population being overweight or obese in America, diabetes has quickly become one of America’s largest health problems (Miller, 2012). Over 28 million Americans call themselves type 2 diabetics and will struggle with the disease over the course of their lifetimes, as there is currently no cure for diabetes (National, 2014). This prevalence is in stark contrast to that of the African culture. In America, a whopping 10% of the population has been diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes, but in African countries, only 2 and 3% of the population is diagnosed, respectively (Martiner, 2013). The disease is also a huge drain on America’s health system. The American Diabetes Association estimates that diabetes alone costs over 245 billion dollars each year (American, 2015). Sadly, diabetes is also a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in America. Of all those with Diabetes, over 80% deal with at least one complication of diabetes, the most common being neuropathy, diabetic retinopathy, atherosclerosis, and nephropathy. Over 240,000 people die of this disease each year, most commonly from complications of atherosclerosis, such as heart attack and stroke (American, 2015). An understanding of glucose regulation, the physiology of the endocrine pancreas, and the related physiology of diabetes is essential in working to treat, prevent, and possibly one day, cure, this infamous disease.
As mentioned in the previous paper, there are two major factors that lead to the diagnosis and cause of type 2 diabetes. These two factors are beta cell dysfunction and insulin resistance. B...

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...dy and insulin (Gotfredsen). Another prolonged study displayed diabetes in 16 of the 36 rates compared to 8 of the 36 rats that were treated with insulin (Gotfredsen). The study shows a reduced incidence of diabetes in relation to the immune destruction from beta cells and the insulin production and the secretion rate (Gotfredsen).
In the United States, 15.5 million men and 13.4 million women have diabetes already (National). In order for us to begin to treat, prevent, and possibly cure this disease, it is essential to understand glucose regulation, the physiology of the endocrine pancreas, and the related physiology of diabetes that lead to beta cell dysfunction and insulin resistance. In the mean time, it is crucial that we continue to implement prevention methods, lifestyle changes, and insulin treatment of this infamous disease that we call type 2 diabetes.

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