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The Old Man and the Sea is one of the most famous novel written by Ernest Hemingway. In this novel, Hemingway shows the world the story about the great Santiago, an old Cuban fisherman who flight for his honor and pride. In the critical essay, Hemingway’s Tragic Vision of Man, Clinton S. Burhans,, Jr wrote how he and others authors interpreted this novel, and he took into account the following points: heroic individualism, interdependence, and Christian. I agree with Clinton’s essay. In the novel, Hemingway addresses the character of Santiago so properly that he inspires these points without doubt.
He was an old man who fished alone in a skiff in the Gulf Stream and he had gone eighty-four days now without taking a fish (Hemingway)(p.1). This is how the story began. The old man had been almost three months without fishing anything, so the next day he make up his mind and proposes himself that he would take a big fish. That day he went far in the ocean. In the beginning, he felt that he had to reedmen his bad luck by catching a big fish. He wants to demostrate to the boy and to his town that he was still the great Santiogo, but most important he wanted to proof it at himself. That day, the old man acomplishmented to hook a fish, but not a regular one. It was a Marlin, and the bigger and most beautiful that Satiago had ever seen. However, the fish was not only beautiful, he was strong as well. It took three days to our heroe to win the flight. Because the fish was so big, it could not be taken home in the boat. Santiago had to tight the fish to the boat and tried to take it home. But is sounds esair in that way. The fish was dripping blood ,and it got the attention of sharks. The old man had to fight more than ten sharks to defends the Marlin.Demostrating his huge heroism, the old man figh. Howver, the sharks ate the Marlin. This taught a lesson to Satiago. Man fails when they go far out beyond their deep and he told it himself “Fish that you were. I am sorry that I went to far out. I ruined us both” (Hemingway)(p.116). Santiago was sorry that we had ruined the fish.
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"A Review of The Old Man and The Sea: Hemingway's Tragic Vision of Man." 123HelpMe.com. 13 Nov 2019
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Another point in Clinton’s essay was interdependence between Santiago and his village. To begin with, it is important to know the definition of interdependence. Interdependence is just the dependence between two or more people. One needs the other for something and vice versa.
In this story Santiago is a fisherman who need his town for water, soap, food and baits to go fishing. At the same point, the village needs the old man for fish to eat. It is this relationship what make them interdependent of each other .In addition; the old man has an interdependence relationship with the boy. He needs the boy to talk. He was his friend, and he noticed it in the end when he awoke and saw “how pleasant was to have someone to talk to instead of speaking only to himself and the sea” (Hemingway)(p.125). On the other hand, the boy needs the old man because he was his friend too, but also because he was learning how to fish well form the old man.
Another point in the critical essay was Christian. The old man is the representation of Jesus Christ in the story. For example, Santiago carries a mast up to the hill, and Jesus carried the cross on his back. Also, when Santiago returned from his trip, he slept face down and had wounded hands. The same was with Christ in the cross. He was looking down and his hands were wounded by the nails. In this way, Hemingway made a relationship between the novel and religion.