The longitudinal design for research development consist of studying the same participants over a period of time (Berk, 2010). For example, three little boys are studied at ages two, four, and six. Another example is studying two newborns every day for eight consecutive days. A strength in this designs study is that it tracks individual patterns; thus allowing the identification of common patterns and individual differences (Berk, 2010). Suppose a study was conducted on physical fitness levels of males over a 20 year period and it concluded that Jonny’s physical fitness declined because he broke his leg. This is an example of an individual difference. Suppose this study also concluded that the best physical fitness levels where among the boys who played sports in school. This is an example of common patterns. Longitudinal design study also allows the researcher to analyze cause and effect relationships (Berk, 2010). In the physical fitness study if it was concluded that Billy’s physical fitness declined because he moved from a large farm to a large apartment building. The cause and effect relationship could determine that when Billy lived on the farm he spent much of his free time outdoors and when he moved to the apartment his fr...
... middle of paper ...
...rch strategy. In the clinical method one participant is used and information from various sources are used (Berk, 2010). Information is obtained from interviews, observations, and test scores. This method is used to capture an accurate account of an individual’s psychological functioning and prior experiences that fostered their functioning.
The last research method is ethnography. This method is used for studying a culture or social group by observation (Berk, 2010). This method uses observations, self-reports, and researcher interpretations. The researcher often participates in the daily life of the culture to gain understanding.
When comparing the clinical method to ethnography both methods use different sources for gathering data. Both are subject to researcher bias. With both methods the results can only be applied to the participants of the study.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Types of Study Research One particular case in point is, the actual fact in which the term research ' is definitely implemented incorrectly applied. Effective suggestions are generally in which recognize erroneous utilization that belongs towards the phrase is comprised of such conditions as, acquiring critical information as well as particulars or significant facts without requiring a specific function ', to make certain essential information to consider as a possible component of assessment, it should be centered on an impartial) in addition to that, rebuilding not to mention reordering important information together with data or perhaps knowledge with no need of understanding (Sekaran, 20... [tags: Scientific method, Research, Science, Hypothesis]
1639 words (4.7 pages)
- ... Rose found this chapter to be one of the most helpful because it discussed about how to conduct research. She often went back to this chapter because of the great insights that it gave on starting the research process. She had former knowledge of finding journals and books in the library, but she was clueless when it came to researching on the internet or how to analyze a research article (Cozby & Bates 2012). The book gave her a list of websites that would be beneficial in helping her obtain information for a research paper, such as, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, PsycBOOKS, Sociological Abstracts, PubMed, and ERIC (Cozby Synthesis Paper 4 & Bates 2012).... [tags: Research, Scientific method, Psychology]
1055 words (3 pages)
- ... A. (2011). Posttraumatic stress disorder, traumatic brain injury, and suicide attempt history among veterans receiving mental health services. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior, 41(4), 416-423. doi:10.1111/j.1943-278X.2011.00041.x The first research article I chose was the “Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Traumatic Brain Injury, and Suicide Attempt History among Veterans Receiving Mental Health Services”. The researchers analyzed a nonexperimental quantitative study with a retrospective design and the goal of this analysis was to examine the magnitude of suicide amidst the veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and traumatic brain injury (TBI), and together PTSD and TBI obt... [tags: Scientific method, Research]
911 words (2.6 pages)
- Many describe Quantitative research method as the oldest form of social research and trusted by most researchers as they believe that anything that has been proven with the help of numbers cannot be wrong (Alston & Bowles, 2012, p. 10). Basically Quantitative method deals with numbers, the researcher 's own presence is minimal and has deductive approach. It is most commonly used when, one began with a Hypothesis and that needed to confirm or reconfirm through research. It is a type of research in which the researcher decide what to study, ask specific questions, collects quantifiable data, analysis these data and conducts the enquiry in an objective manner.... [tags: Scientific method, Qualitative research]
1265 words (3.6 pages)
- This research is targeting the population which are citizens eligible to vote, in this case above the age of 18. There are a mix of Qualitative and quantitative research. About 8 focus groups of sizes Between 6-8 will be conducted at the electoral commission. A couple Of depth interviews will be conducted. The profile of these participants Are citizens eligible to vote. They are picked at random. These research Methods provide a rich insight to the research problem. On the other hand, quantitative research is as important as qualitative research.... [tags: Voting Research Study Australia]
1666 words (4.8 pages)
- Introduction Scientific research is a variety of methods to help investigate ways to solve problems and find causes and effects of different information. Zmatana. K (2012) brings forth the argument that for research to be classified as scientific it needs a set of guidelines, protocols and long established methods to gather documenting information. Reliability is defined as how frequent a research can yield the same or similar results. Validity is how a research paints a real picture of the real world by including thoughts and feelings of answers and results given.... [tags: Scientific method, Qualitative research]
1390 words (4 pages)
- I will use various forms of research in this investigative project including the named research above exploratory, primary, secondary, qualitative and quantitative research. My exploratory research will consists of me doing further reading into this topic and to find the exact question for my topic. I will be conducting one to one interviews, focus groups and questionnaire 's with users and health care professionals for my primary research. This will also a be part of my qualitative and quantitative research.... [tags: Qualitative research, Research, Psychology]
1000 words (2.9 pages)
- ... 11, para. 5). Characteristics Based on previous work and a thorough review of literature Boren and Moxley (2015) state review of literature serves to justify the need for a study, to update personal knowledge and practice, to develop evaluate current practices, to develop and update guidelines for practice, and to develop work related policies. In addition, a thorough review of literature allows the researcher to utilize well established practices of the profession while scrutinizing the present evidence on the chosen topic, and affords fellow researchers and colleagues “to reproduce the methods and to make a rational determination of whether to accept the results of the review” (para.... [tags: Scientific method, Research, Data analysis]
1651 words (4.7 pages)
- ... I will state them because It would be useful for me to see myself pointing what I can not do so that it could help me to accept them more and engage myself in activities that could make me to be able to manage them. The first one is to attend a lab meeting with other undergraduate research assistance, discuss research ideas, collaborate on projects. This task would be hard for me because I never liked working in labs. I was always shy and quiet and insecure about my help abilities. Second task that i would not be good at is to use word processing, spreadsheet, scheduling, and statistical analysis program to complete the research project.... [tags: Psychology, Time, Research, Scientific method]
1103 words (3.2 pages)
- 1) Empirical study-a study that uses tangible observations. The data collected comes from physical means that are concrete and use the senses to gather data. (McMillian, 2016, p.7) Example: Empirical studies can be quantitative or qualitative; in research involving retention efforts they will be empirical studies conducted to gather data. 2) Theory- is an educated assumption that explains how, what we as researchers examine relate to each other. It creates meaning from the information gathered. McMillian, 2016, p.7) Example: When observing different retention efforts I will develop a theory of why they are successful and how they help retain students.... [tags: Scientific method, Research, Qualitative research]
1321 words (3.8 pages)
- Mental Illness, By Joanne Greenberg
- Keeping The Promise For All America 's Children
- Effectiveness Of The Care Provided For Medicaid And Medicare Beneficiaries
- Perfect Competition And Monopolistic Competition
- Analysis Of The Book ' Coffee Talk '
- The Key Facts And Critical Issues Of The Case Jim Mcgee Manager Of Astrotech Fuel Systems