A Research Study On Nanotechnology Essay

A Research Study On Nanotechnology Essay

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Nanotechnology is a relatively new and heavily funded field of research with a promising potential to revolutionize medicine. A nanoparticle refers to any particle with at least one dimension of 100 nanometers or less [1]. These tiny microscopic particles can be used to diagnose and treat a diverse array of diseases, most notably cancer. Common nanoparticles used in medicine are made out of a variety of materials including metal, organic compounds, and carbon. Carbon nanotubes have become a focus of special interest in recent years due to their ability to transport drugs to cells in a highly targeted manner. In a basic sense, they are sheets of graphite rolled up into cylinders, however, they can vary greatly with respect to their chemical and physical structure [1]. Nanotubes can be used as receptacles for drug delivery. The unique structural properties of carbon nanotubes allows for versatile modification and addition of molecules such as antibodies which allow them to target, bind, enter, and deliver drugs to specific cells throughout the body [1]. Furthermore, imaging molecules can be coupled to their frame, which allows them to be precisely tracked so that target cells can be mapped [1].

Therapeutic Applications of Carbon Nanotubes in Lung Disease

With respect to the lung, carbon nanotubes hold great promise in the treatment of lung cancer due to their ability to circulate throughout the body and bind specifically to cancer-cell specific antigens on metastatic lesions. Currently, lung cancer is the most lethal form of cancer in the United States, accounting for roughly one fourth of cancer-related deaths (5). One of the major issues with treating lung cancer is due to the fact that it has often metastasized by the time ...

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...lly with respect to their individual structural characteristics. It appears that longer tubes are more prone to causing fibrosis, however, carbon nanotubes come in many different shapes and sizes, and they can be modified extensively, which makes it very difficult to predict how the body will react. Furthermore, different routes of administration, different chemical modifications, and different methods of production may all further play into the beneficial and harmful effects of individual carbon nanotubes. Carbon nanotubes have already shown great promise in the treatment of lung cancer and other diseases, and future research shows great potential for the future role of nanotechnology medicine. The promising potential of nanotubes only makes it even more important to ensure that the effects of these compounds are well studied in order to optimize patient outcomes.

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