Study 1a involved conducting a survey asking 53 participants if they thought future participants would be more or less likely to avoid harming another for significant personal gain (e.g. Monetary incentives) if the stakes were real compared to hypothetical. A significant 74% of participants believed aversion to harm would exert a greater influence in the real condition.
Study 1b examined if the above views would be carried out in experimental conditions. Contrary to the results of Study 1a, the experimenters hypothesised that when motivational forces are real, the incentive for self-gain would become more compelling than aversion to harm. To test the hypothesis, two experimental conditions were formulated.
In the Real PvG condition, participants went through a Pain vs Gain (PvG) task. In this task, participants were first given $20. Participants went through 20 trials, in which they could pay up to $1 per trial to reduce the intensity of shocks ($0 for full shock, $1 for no shock) delivered to a receiver, whom they believed to be another participant, but was actually a confederate. The shocks were faked, but many measur...
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...study extremely important.
FeldmanHall, O., Mobbs, D., Evans, D., Hiscox, L., Navrady, L., & Dalgleish, T. (2012). What we say and what we do: the relationship between real and hypothetical moral choices.Cognition, 123(3), 434-441.
FeldmanHall, O., Dalgleish, T., Thompson, R., Evans, D., Schweizer, S., & Mobbs, D. (2012). Differential neural circuitry and self-interest in real vs hypothetical moral decisions. Social cognitive and affective neuroscience, 7(7), 743-751.
Pastötter, B., Gleixner, S., Neuhauser, T., & Bäuml, K. H. T. (2013). To push or not to push? Affective influences on moral judgment depend on decision frame. Cognition, 126(3), 373-377.
Patil, I., Cogoni, C., Zangrando, N., Chittaro, L., & Silani, G. (2014). Affective basis of judgment-behavior discrepancy in virtual experiences of moral dilemmas. Social neuroscience,9(1), 94-107.
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