“A progressive disease of the nervous system marked by tremor, muscular rigidity, and slow, imprecise movement, chiefly affecting middle-aged and elderly people. It is associated with degeneration of the basal ganglia of the brain and a deficiency of the neurotransmitter dopamine.” (Oxford Dictionary, 2014)
Parkinson 's disease is a disorder of the nervous system. This disease progresses over time and leads to shaking or tremors and difficulty with walking, movement, and coordination. People with Parkinson’s disease may have soften or slurred speech. (Parkinson’s Disease Foundation, 2014)
Parkinson’s disease was known in the ancient times. In the ancient Indian medical system of Ayurveda it mentions the disease as Kampavata. In AD 175 it was explained as “shaking palsy” by a physician named Galen. However, the first medical documentation of Parkinson 's disease was written by James Parkinson in 1817. His document, was called “An Essay on the Shaking Palsy” which included 6 cases of the disease that he observed. His main goal of the essay was to promote other people to learn and research about the disease. Sixty years later, Jean Martin Charcot named the disease after James Parkinson after understanding how important his study was to the disease.
Around the 1960s, studies conducted showed chemical differences in the brains of Parkinson’s patients compared to the norm. It was found that these patients had low levels of dopamine which causes degeneration of nerve cells in the substantia nigra The first effective medical treatment was a drug called Levodopa. This drug helped treat the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease.
Today researchers continue to learn more about Parkinson’s disease. Although the...
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... fro progressing.(National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, 2014)
Overtime, Parkinson’s disease progressively gets worse and the symptoms continue to affect the person with the disease. This makes it hard for them to carry on with everyday activities and functions. People respond differently to the treatment and medications which determines the severeness of the disabilities they experience. If someone has Parkinson’s, they can not die from the disease, but the symptoms may cause a strain on life and cause life threatening situations. Scientists have found many ways to treat symptoms of the disease and, hopefully, will continue to. The treatments they have found already have gave people with Parkinson’s disease to have near to a normal life expectancy and caused less difficulties with the disease. (NHS Choices, 2014)
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- 150021 Description: “A progressive disease of the nervous system marked by tremor, muscular rigidity, and slow, imprecise movement, chiefly affecting middle-aged and elderly people. It is associated with degeneration of the basal ganglia of the brain and a deficiency of the neurotransmitter dopamine.” (Oxford Dictionary, 2014) Parkinson 's disease is a disorder of the nervous system. This disease progresses over time and leads to shaking or tremors and difficulty with walking, movement, and coordination.... [tags: Parkinson's disease, Dopamine, Basal ganglia]
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Is Parkinson 's Disease A Chronic And Progressive Disorder Of The Nervous System That Affects One 's Movement
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