Essay about A Pre-Performance Routine to Alleviate Choking under Pressure

Essay about A Pre-Performance Routine to Alleviate Choking under Pressure

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INTRODUCTION

The County schools sports scene has been around for many years. In these years, the emphasis on sports and achievements in our schools has grown tremendously. Starting with just 16 sports, the County Schools Sports Council now oversees 28 sports. This growth has a few noticeable effects not only on schools but also on our student athletes. The desire to compete, to win and to lift the championship can be seen on the face of every athlete that steps onto the playing field. Many would say that this is a strength of our school sports scene as each individual strives for excellence. On the flip side, we cannot deny the fact that the pressures to bring glory to oneself and the school they represent have grown many folds.

The role of an athlete in any game situation is psychologically demanding (Miller, 2001). Some athletes thrive under pressure while some just succumb to pressure. From scoring a penalty during a penalty shoot-out in soccer to making a game winning free throw in basketball, sports competitions are filled with pressure and sometimes this pressure causes athletes to experience detrimental performances as shown by Baumeister (1984) and Masters (1992) where they mentioned that negative performance can be attributed to heightened pressure.

When teams or athletes perform well and outdo themselves, they are given a hero’s status and are praised but when they perform badly, falter at the crucial moments or cost their teams or themselves the win, they are at times subjected to embarrassment, ridicule and a huge drop in morale. As mentioned by Mesagno & Mullane-Grant (2010), such athletes who crumble under pressure experience the humiliating phenomenon of “choking under pressure”.


LITERATURE REVIEW
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Porter, K. (2003). The mental athlete. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Wallace, H. M., Baumeister, R. F., & Vohs, K. D. (2005). Audience support and choking under pressure: A home
disadvantage?. Journal of Sports Sciences, 23(4), 429-438.

Weinberg, R. & Gould D. (2003). Foundations of sport & exercise psychology (3rd ed.). Champaign, IL: Human
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Williams, J. M., & Harris, D. V. (2006). Relaxation and energizing techniques for regulation of arousal. In J.
Williams (Ed.), Applied sport psychology: Personal growth to peak performance (5th ed., pp. 285–305). New York: Mayfield Publishing.

Wilson, V. E., Schmid, A., & Peper, E. (2006). Strategies for training concentration. In J. M. Williams (Ed.),
Applied sport psychology: Personal growth to peak performance 5th ed. (pp. 404-422). Mountain View, CA: Mayfield Publishing.

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