The County schools sports scene has been around for many years. In these years, the emphasis on sports and achievements in our schools has grown tremendously. Starting with just 16 sports, the County Schools Sports Council now oversees 28 sports. This growth has a few noticeable effects not only on schools but also on our student athletes. The desire to compete, to win and to lift the championship can be seen on the face of every athlete that steps onto the playing field. Many would say that this is a strength of our school sports scene as each individual strives for excellence. On the flip side, we cannot deny the fact that the pressures to bring glory to oneself and the school they represent have grown many folds.
The role of an athlete in any game situation is psychologically demanding (Miller, 2001). Some athletes thrive under pressure while some just succumb to pressure. From scoring a penalty during a penalty shoot-out in soccer to making a game winning free throw in basketball, sports competitions are filled with pressure and sometimes this pressure causes athletes to experience detrimental performances as shown by Baumeister (1984) and Masters (1992) where they mentioned that negative performance can be attributed to heightened pressure.
When teams or athletes perform well and outdo themselves, they are given a hero’s status and are praised but when they perform badly, falter at the crucial moments or cost their teams or themselves the win, they are at times subjected to embarrassment, ridicule and a huge drop in morale. As mentioned by Mesagno & Mullane-Grant (2010), such athletes who crumble under pressure experience the humiliating phenomenon of “choking under pressure”.
... middle of paper ...
...ign, IL: Leisure Press.
Porter, K. (2003). The mental athlete. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Wallace, H. M., Baumeister, R. F., & Vohs, K. D. (2005). Audience support and choking under pressure: A home
disadvantage?. Journal of Sports Sciences, 23(4), 429-438.
Weinberg, R. & Gould D. (2003). Foundations of sport & exercise psychology (3rd ed.). Champaign, IL: Human
Williams, J. M., & Harris, D. V. (2006). Relaxation and energizing techniques for regulation of arousal. In J.
Williams (Ed.), Applied sport psychology: Personal growth to peak performance (5th ed., pp. 285–305). New York: Mayfield Publishing.
Wilson, V. E., Schmid, A., & Peper, E. (2006). Strategies for training concentration. In J. M. Williams (Ed.),
Applied sport psychology: Personal growth to peak performance 5th ed. (pp. 404-422). Mountain View, CA: Mayfield Publishing.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Choking, as defined in this article, refers to “a critical deterioration in skill execution leading to substandard performance that is caused by an elevation in anxiety levels under perceived pressure at a time when successful outcome is normally attainable by the athlete”. A point to take note of is that to date, researchers have not been able to entirely agree on an operational definition of ‘choking’. This can be seen where Mesagno, Marchant, and Morris (2009) defined choking as “the critical deterioration in the execution of habitual processes that results from an increase in anxiety under perceived pressure”.... [tags: Choking, athletes, PPR]
2483 words (7.1 pages)
- Quantitative Research Question 1. What effect does peer support have on academic performance. 2. Does peer pressure affect the academic performances of adolescents in School. Hypothesis 1. “Peer pressure significantly influences academic performance”. 2. “Students who experience peer support have better academic performances, than those who do not have peer support”. 3. “Peer support influences academic performances”. 4. “Academic performance is associated to peer pressure and peer support”. Qualitative Research Question 1. How does peer pressure and peer support associate to academic performances.... [tags: Peer Pressure Essays]
1466 words (4.2 pages)
- Does peer pressure create social pressure when it comes to making choices concerning teenagers and children. Many of us have experienced peer pressure or social pressure either at school with peers, at work, at a doctor’s office or even with parents. Peer pressure can be defined as when an individual exerts a behavior, attitude or values to conform to a person or an influencing group. Peer pressure in today’s society has caused many individuals to submit to the popular majority, causing people to stop having their own individualism and creativity.... [tags: Adolescence, Peer group, Peer pressure, Youth]
2119 words (6.1 pages)
- III. Summarization of Routine Activities Theory A. Definition of routine activities approach. According to Cohen and Felson (1979), routine activities approach relies on three main conditions to rationalize crime. These conditions need to coincide in the same space and time in order for a crime to occur: a motivated offender, suitable target and the absence of capable guardians to deter crime. The authors utilized human ecological theory to examine social structure, and how such coincidence takes place and cause crime in daily life.... [tags: Criminology, Crime, Routine activity theory, Time]
1589 words (4.5 pages)
- The repetition of the "Cleaning routine" is also significant. The "Cleaning Routines" seemed part of the routine of the characters and was depicting the teachings of discipline, to be clean and tidy, however, during the second "cleaning routine" the discussion among the children about their dreams and aspirations as adults is portrayed to the audience. The voice-overs, whom are representing authority figures, shout "NO" to all the occupations that are highly respected, and well-paid, whilst also saying "YES" to any non-respectable jobs and lowly paid jobs.... [tags: Audience, Audience theory, White people, Race]
1140 words (3.3 pages)
- Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) is an illness that millions of people of all sorts are affected by. Moreover, although stress and emotional tension can temporarily increase blood pressure; but it won’t be considered as high blood pressure. Hypertension usually is there with no symptoms. It may happen and remain unseen for many years. People, until told by a medical physician generally overlook high blood pressure. People are not aware of how hypertension affects the body, how it is measured, what the symptoms are of high blood pressure, and what people/ethnic groups are affected by hypertension more than another.... [tags: Blood pressure, Hypertension]
1109 words (3.2 pages)
- Performance appraisals are a major component of human resource management systems used by organisations to measure and manage what is considered to be the most valuable resource available to them; human capital. This report aims to evaluate the effectiveness of performance appraisals and its application to both the employer and its employees, taking into consideration various rationales for its implementation. This will be achieved through an in depth review of the concept of performance appraisals, its evolution in corporate organisations and existing literature on the topic, and the effects (both positive and negative) to the organisation as a whole and to its employees.... [tags: Business, Employee Evaluation, Performance Levels]
1542 words (4.4 pages)
- Children grow up and move into teenage lifestyles, involvement with their peers, and how they look in other peoples eyes start to matter. Their hormones kick in, and they experience rapid changes in their minds, and bodies. They also develop a mind of their own, questioning the adult standards and need for their parental guidance. By trying new values and testing ideas with peers there is less of a chance of being criticized. Even though peer pressure can have positive effects, the most part is the bad part.... [tags: Peer Pressure Essays]
362 words (1 pages)
- Introduction: Using the job description as a base, develop performance standards for this particular position. Specifically you are to create the following: 1. A list of 5-10 performance standards 2. The type of performance assessment technique(s) you will employ and why 3. The controls you have employed to eliminate or reduce errors or bias in assessment 4. Who will perform the assessment and why 5. How the organization should use the assessment results I chose to use the previous job description from unit one and two which was a human resource manager.... [tags: Job Description Performance Management]
1764 words (5 pages)
- Pressure As a child, I've suffered through many tough decisions. I've been pressured by my peers to do the wrong thing. I've also been pressured by my peers to do positive things. Drs. George Jenkins, Sam Davis and Rameck Hunt, who are the authors of The Pact (with Lisa Frazier Page), have also been pressured by their peers to do both positive and negative things. Growing up through middle school and high school is tough because kids are always trying to get other kids to do the wrong thing. Most of the kids actually do some of the stupid things so they can fit in.... [tags: Personal Narrative Peer Pressure Essays]
1599 words (4.6 pages)