Various factors underlying the variabilities in NNS rater rating include rater characteristics such as experience, background knowledge and cultural background. Recent studies claimed that raters ego, style and their intellectual ability to memorize can be accounted for the raters diverse actions during the rating process (Lumeley,2002; Wiseman, 2012). However, the process of rating assessments was suggested by Barkaoui (2010), that rating is a decision making process which evolves interaction between the rater and also the rating scales. Therefore, its influence on raters behavior due to the variety of scales use in different tests and raters individual differences in scales interpretation may interfere with how they derive at a score.
This paper aims to review studies of...
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