A Non-Human Existence

A Non-Human Existence

Length: 781 words (2.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
Winston defines being human as having feelings, following sensory pleasures, and staying true to those two types of emotions because, “only feelings matter”(146). He also asserts that before the Party when people had individual relationships and “members of a family stood by one another” they were human (26). Winston’s deadened senses as well as his social disconnection, and the lack of import in his daily life after he leaves the Ministry of Love indicate that he has not achieved his goal of staying human.
Winston is very desensitized after he leaves the Ministry of Love, making him inhuman. In the Chestnut Tree Café Winston “took up his glass and sniffed it”(262). This action shows that he has lost the ability to be sensitive to smell. When Winston picks flowers for Julia, he notices “their faint sickly scent”, but when he sniffs his gin he doesn’t register any scent, he just “sniffed”(104, 262). Also Winston describes his gin as becoming “more horrible with every mouthful”(262). Although Winston registers and considers the taste of the gin, he doesn’t take pleasure in the taste, and doesn’t drink something he could enjoy more. One part of being human is following sensory pleasures and Winston is clearly not basing his meals or actions on pleasure.
Also, Winston’s extreme social disconnection proves that he is no longer human. Winston reflects, “no one cared what he did any longer”(262). Before his time in the Ministry of Love, people surrounded Winston all day long. He was forced to wake, stretch and go to work. He ate, worked, and talked to others. But now, “no whistle woke him, no telescreen admonished him” so his life is completely without even these connections. For example, In the Chestnut Tree Café, Winston sits alone at a table where no one else will ever sit. Winston wishes for social connection, but can’t find it, as he is no longer human. So instead, Winston reaches out for the closest thing he can when “as though for reassurance he looked up at the imperturbable face”(263). Some people may say that this action shows that Winston is still human because he is looking and longing for social connection. However, during work when Winston is faced with the chance to connect with other people, he and the others instead end up “looking at one another with extinct eyes”(263). Winston cannot connect to anyone else, through telescreens, work, or even just everyday life.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"A Non-Human Existence." 123HelpMe.com. 28 Jan 2020

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about Human Existence and Human Suffering

- All throughout our history, we humans have constantly evolved and developed to an extent where we can give an account to the world we live in. From Epicurus to Thomas Aquinas, from Aristotle -who taught one of the greatest kings namely Alexander the Great- to Sartre and Camus were all for the search of why we are on this planet. What drives us to live or perhaps to die, even if it is by one’s own hand. When arguing about the meaning of life, one has to take into account that every doctrine, thesis, antithesis, thought and emotion can only be explained and defined through the human perspective....   [tags: Human Existence]

Research Papers
1904 words (5.4 pages)

Essay on William Paley 's View On The Existence Of God

- William Paley presents a comparison between a stone and a watch to prove his remarks and beliefs concerning the existence of God. He introduces a scenario of himself walking on the beach and bumping into a stone then reflecting verses a scenario of stumbling upon a watch. Starting in Chapter One, Paley explains multiple arguments towards the examination of the watch while the stone would be neglected and believed to have preexisted. He says; “ ignorance of this kind exalts our opinion of the unseen and unknown artists’s skiff, if he be unseen and unknown, but raises no doubt in our minds of the existence and agency of such an artist” (I....   [tags: Existence, Ontology, Existence of God]

Research Papers
782 words (2.2 pages)

Notes On Existence Of God Essay

- PID : 720528846 PHIL 101 PAPER 2 Existence of God Descartes often referred to as the “Father of Modern Philosophy” acquired his status by methods of reasoning to attain knowledge through one of his most influential philosophical writings Meditations on First Philosophy. One of the most pronounced and skeptical pieces from the mediations is Meditation III: “Of God: that He exist” where he tries to prove the existence of God, and his existence through God. I will be examining Descartes’ proof through its premises and conclusion as well as explain my reasoning for agreeing with the argument on the existence of God....   [tags: Ontology, Existence, Metaphysics, Truth]

Research Papers
805 words (2.3 pages)

Adams 's Non Identity Problem Essay

- Adams’s Non-Identity Problem Introduction In discussing whether God must create the best world that he can, Robert M. Adams raises the following hypothetical (Adams 1972, 326). Imagine a drug exists which is known to cause severe intellectual disability in any children conceived by a couple who takes it. If a couple desires to raise an intellectually disabled child, takes the drug, and conceives such a child, the challenge is to explain what, if anything, they have done wrong. The problem illustrated by this hypothetical is known as the “non-identity” problem (Benatar 2006, 114)....   [tags: Ethics, Virtue ethics, Existence, Virtue]

Research Papers
1985 words (5.7 pages)

The Existence Of The Soul Essay

- Among the wide range of controversial concepts, one of the most prominent theories in the field of philosophy and perhaps religion as well, is the question of whether or not the existence of a conscious being or rather the ‘soul’ is a valid ideology. Plato, Socrates and Descartes believed in the existence of a spiritual essence when a body ceases to exist allowing there to be a sense of the afterlife. There are two distinct theories that conflict with this issue of the afterlife known as, materialism and dualism (Vivaessay.org, 2016)....   [tags: Mind, Philosophy of mind, Ontology, Materialism]

Research Papers
1237 words (3.5 pages)

Henry David Thoreau and the Power of Non-Violent Resistance Essay

- Thoreau contends that men have lost the free will to make individual decisions regarding war, slavery, and domestic issues because government imposes on its citizens only in its own self interests. (Thoreau 1706). He states government loses its integrity when willing to consider profit over the interests of its citizens, and basic human rights such as slavery and war. (Thoreau 1707). He considers slavery as a “hateful and stupid enterprise. (Eulau 119). Thoreau feels such deep disgrace being associated with a government who condones slavery, that he refuses to vote, pay taxes, and makes his only contact with this government the tax collector....   [tags: Non-Violent Resistance Essays]

Research Papers
734 words (2.1 pages)

The Existence of God Essay

- The ontological argument aims to prove the existence of God as an a priori argument. One of the distinguishing features of Descartes's argument is its simplicity. The argument is deductive and based on reason alone and requires no need for physical evidence of God, it attempts to prove Gods existence objectively and necessarily. There are some statements we know to be false without any further information, such as “a circle has 3 sides” or “she is a bachelor” these statements are untrue by definition....   [tags: physical, objectively, necessarily, statements]

Research Papers
860 words (2.5 pages)

Sartre and the Meaning of Human Existence Essay

- Where the Meaning of Human Existence is Located According to Sartre The word philosophy comes from Greek and literally means "love of wisdom." The Merriam-Webster online dictionary defines philosophy as "a critical study of fundamental beliefs and the grounds for them." Both explanations of philosophy are correct and concrete. The meaning of human existence has no such concrete answer, but in this paper we will examine where Sartre believes it to be. Sartre's existentialism is a philosophy, which deals with man....   [tags: Sartre's Existentialism, Philosophy]

Research Papers
849 words (2.4 pages)

The Existence of God Essay

- The Existence of God "No one can think the opposite of that which is self evident…But the opposite of the proposition "God Exists" can be thought…therefore the proposition that God existence is self evident."( Thomas Aquinas) Some people may say that God is an omnipotent, omniscient being that the universe revolves around. In other words, God is all-powerful, all knowing, and runs the universe, but the mere claim, to prove Gods existence, seems to invite ridicule. The people who ridicule are not always right....   [tags: Papers]

Research Papers
1789 words (5.1 pages)

The Existence Of God Essay

- The Existence of God Works Cited Not Included For centuries, the idea of God has been a part of man's history. Past and present, there has always been a different integration consisting of the believers and the non-believers of God. The group of those who have "faith" in God tend to be related to one religion or another. On the other hand, the skeptics find the existence of God somewhat puzzling and try to seek the answers through scientific methods. Even as of today with all the modern technologies and the development of sciences, we still do not have a definitive answer to the question "does God exist?" Among many philosophers and scholars who have tried to answer this question, we shall...   [tags: Religion Theology Essays Papers]

Research Papers
1308 words (3.7 pages)

Another factor indicating Winston’s loss of humanity is the absence of importance in his daily life. As Winston reflects on his daily life, he thinks about how “no one cared what he did any longer” (262). This indifference everyone shows Winston not only keeps him from having social connection, it also makes his day-to-day activities insignificant. Being able to do anything takes away the meaning of everything Winston does. Also, Winston’s work is similarly unimportant, as “he had been appointed to a sub-committee of a sub-committee” (262). Previously, Winston loved his job, and it gave him a purpose. However, after he leaves the Ministry of Love, Winston’s job is so insignificant in the society it no longer gives him any purpose. In fact, “what it was they were reporting on he never definitely found out”(263). Humans need a reason to live, and before he was imprisoned Winston’s reason was his work. Now that his work is unimportant, he has no purpose in life and no reason to live. This is why even when the group Winston works with “settled down to their work almost eagerly… the life would go out of them”(263). When there is absolutely no importance, no significance, in one’s work it is impossible to be excited about it. And without purpose, a human life is not human.
One might argue that Winston’s humanity is still intact, as evidenced by his addiction to gin. Addiction is a human weakness, to which only humans fall prey. However, Winston’s relationship with gin is thus described: “it had become the element he swam in. It was his life, his death”(262). Humans are the only beings who eat and drink for taste. Winston is therefore not drinking because he’s human, he’s drinking because he relies on it, much like a fish relies on water. So although addiction is a human weakness, Winston’s need for gin is far from human. It is not something he takes pleasure from; it is something he needs for survival.
Winston’s reflections about his work reveal that he has lost his senses, his connection to the social world, and the everyday importance of his life. His losses make him inhuman. Therefore, Winston does not achieve his goal of staying human, and the Party wins.

Return to 123HelpMe.com