The woolly mammoth was a commonly found mammal during the last ice age . These animals were similar in size to elephants but were adapted for living in the extremely cold conditions typical of an ice age . The mammoths used their large tusks to brush away snow in their search for food and secreted oil that covered their fur and insulated them from the cold . Mammoths had narrower skulls, shorter tails, and smaller ears than today’s elephants, and they were covered in a full coat of coarse hair .
Mammoths went extinct approximately 4,000 years ago after their numbers began to dwindle about 10,000 years ago . Mammoth fossils have been uncovered on every continent except for South America and Australia . It is not entirely clear what led to the extinction of the mammoth . Some of the current theories for their extinction include climate change, meteorites or comets, and predation by humans .
The most recognized reason for the mammoth’s disappearance is that as the Earth warmed, the climate became too much for the mammoths to handle as they had evolved in a cold environment . It is also possible that the global climate change led to the extinction of some of the mammoth’s vital mineral-supplying plants which in turn led to the extinction of the mammoth .
Researchers have also found some evidence of an asteroid hitting the Earth which may have resulted in a mas...
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 Switek, B. (2013, March 19). Reinventing the mammoth. Retrieved from http://phenomena.nationalgeographic.com/2013/03/19/reinventing-the-mammoth/
 Lagutina, I., Fulka, H., Lazzari, G., & Galli, C. (2013). Interspecies somatic cell nuclear transfer: advancements and problems. doi: 10.3.1.65
 Pina-Aguilar, R. E., Lopez-Saucedo, J., Sheffield, R., Ruiz-Galaz, L. I., Barroso-Padilla, J. J., & Gutierrez, A. (2009). Revival of extinct species using nuclear transfer: Hope for the mammoth, true for the pyrenean ibex, but is it time for "conservation cloning"?. Cloning and Stem Cells, 11(3), 341-346.
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