A major earthquake centered 130 km northeast of Japan’s Honshu Island, which is the nation’s largest and greatest popular component on March 11, 2011. The earthquake produced a 15 meter tsunami that struck coastal areas causing massive damage. The tsunami inundated 560 square km which resulted in a human death toll of over 19,000, with that being said, it also caused excessive damage to coastal ports and towns, with over a million buildings that were destroyed (Dodchuk, 2011). Among the coastal towns affected by the tsunami was Fukushima, and two nuclear power complexes, called the Fukushima Daiichi and Fukushima Daini. Those reactors generating electricity at the time of the earthquake shut down automatically and commenced emergency cooling procedures (Lochbaun, 2014). The reactors are not actually online but, require continuing cooling procedures affecting reactor and the associated operational components. Four of the six Daiichi reactors experienced core damage when cooling pump operations halted incident to flooding. When tsunami waves become very huge in height, they attack coastlines, causing severe property damage and many deaths. The remaining two Daiichi reactors and all four Daini reactors successfully maintained component cooling operations. Despite the magnitude of the earthquake, all ten reactors maintained structural integrity. Actual reactor damage was entirely attributable to tsunami impact.
This report describes the physical impact of the tsunami on the Fukushima facilities, immediate efforts undertaken to respond to and contain prospective radiation leakage, longer term efforts to correct perceived weaknesses in reactor design and location, and implications for reliance on nuclear power as an ene...
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...design, it is more likely that the disaster could’ve been predicted and the amount of damage would’ve been much less. Renovation is part of life and during these times where everything is about technology, an open-mind involves a lot in being up to date with every single detail that will help save lives, the environment and help grow the economy, not make it worst. But the principal lesson to be learned from Fukushima does not relate directly to nuclear power or even, for that matter, the prospective impact of earthquake or flood. These latter events can be planned for. What is essential and is arguably much more difficult is the capacity to think outside the box, to look at a system in its totality and not only in its discrete components. If the events at Fukushima will result in encouraging that outcome, perhaps some good will have flowed from a horrendous event.
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