In this essay we will be taking a look into the criminal justice system in England, the components that make it up and also at the different models in which you could apply the process of criminal justice. We shall look at Herbert Packer (1986) and Michael King (1981) in reference to the models. However before we look into the criminal justice process of today, you need to be shown show its origins and how it came about.
During the middle of the eighteenth century up to the mid-twentieth centuries, we began to see the emergence of formal criminal justice system as the one we know today. At the beginning of these periods, there was no formal policing, probation systems or court systems. It wasn’t way until the 1950’s where these were established components that made up the system for criminal justice. These components being the police, prisons and courts. All of these components have been influenced and shaped on events and ideas that have come around over a long period of time. For example you would think the formal police force as we know it today has been around for a long period of time. However this isn’t true as the metropolitan police which is the oldest police force in England was only formally introduced and properly established in 1829.
As we now have understanding about the criminal justice system’s past and information on how it came about, we now need to move on further and look into the criminal justice system of today, we shall start of by gathering and understanding of what criminal justice system is, why we have one and what are the different parts that comprise the criminal justice system.
The criminal justice system is where there are many organisations and institutions that are in place to ensure there is a pro...
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...make it all a little bit messy. Also taking into account that there are flaws with Packer’s models as King has highlighted, but Packer’s models are the only ones that have been put into place. Therefore as King’s models may have alternatives with very good theory’s, they cannot actually be said to be a more efficient way of running the process of criminal justice as they have never actually been implemented.
In conclusion to this essay, we have discussed the birth and the current running of the criminal justice process that we know today. We have looked into the models that dictate and shape the running of the criminal justice system, although issues have been raised regarding the models to how the system is ran. Both I and criminologists King and Packer would say that people should have their rights and an even opportunity to challenge and defend through the system.
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