Farrell & Hodgkinson (2015) explain that the central assumption of Cornish and Clarke’s rational choice theory states that offenders make a rational decision as to whether or not to commit a crime. They add that this choice is made when an offender weigh’s the expected benefits and costs of a criminal act. Furt...
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... instance, making sure all the windows are closed in the car before leaving. Hence, with these approaches there are chances of diminishing the opportunities for criminals to commit an offence.
The approaches of rational choice theory and routine activity theory share a relationship by having the presence of all three factors that generate a criminal event allows offenders to rationalize the costs and benefits before committing a crime. The foundations developed by rational choice theory, routine activity theory and environmental criminology are demonstrated in Felson’s (1987) article and Brantingham & Brantingham’s (1995) article. These two articles illustrate the places where criminals choose to commit crimes. Eventually, all these theories aim to achieve situational crime prevention. Overall, these applications provide benefits in preventing crime opportunities.
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