A Link Between Cornish And Clarke 's Rational Choice Theory Essay

A Link Between Cornish And Clarke 's Rational Choice Theory Essay

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There is a link between Cornish and Clarke’s rational choice theory and Felson and Cohen’s routine activity theory which consists of offenders rationalizing when it is an ideal opportunity to commit a crime. The premises postulated by these theories are illustrated by Felson’s (1987) “Routine activities and crime prevention in the developing metropolis” article and Brantingham & Brantingham’s (1995) “Criminality of place: Crime generators and crime attractors” article. Rational choice theory proposes that people make rational choices by weighing the perceived costs and benefits associated with the criminal event. Routine activity theory allows us to get a more precise understanding of why crimes are more likely to happen in our daily activities, this connects back to rational choice theory because the offenders evaluate their targets before committing an offence. The developments of these theories focus on situational crime prevention and environmental criminology. In addition, situational crime prevention creates methods to diminish the crime rates within the nation; furthermore, it takes into consideration the environment of the criminal event. Specific environmental elements display how an offender can be tempted to commit a crime in a particular situation. Rational choice theory, routine activity theory, situational crime prevention and environmental criminology are influential explanations of crime within criminology.
Farrell & Hodgkinson (2015) explain that the central assumption of Cornish and Clarke’s rational choice theory states that offenders make a rational decision as to whether or not to commit a crime. They add that this choice is made when an offender weigh’s the expected benefits and costs of a criminal act. Furt...


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... instance, making sure all the windows are closed in the car before leaving. Hence, with these approaches there are chances of diminishing the opportunities for criminals to commit an offence.
The approaches of rational choice theory and routine activity theory share a relationship by having the presence of all three factors that generate a criminal event allows offenders to rationalize the costs and benefits before committing a crime. The foundations developed by rational choice theory, routine activity theory and environmental criminology are demonstrated in Felson’s (1987) article and Brantingham & Brantingham’s (1995) article. These two articles illustrate the places where criminals choose to commit crimes. Eventually, all these theories aim to achieve situational crime prevention. Overall, these applications provide benefits in preventing crime opportunities.

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