The Cuban Revolution was a movement to completely recondition Cuba. It began in 1959 when Fidel Castro took power and deposed the previous ruler, Fulgencio Batista. According to Aviva Chomsky, the author of A History of the Cuban Revolution, the Cuban Revolution totally altered the country by articulating the importance of literacy and literature, centralizing sports, reorganizing the political office, reviving traditional and indigenous music, modifying socioeconomics, and reforming religion.
Since the Cuban Revolution, interest in Latin American Studies has become stronger in schools in the United States (Chomsky 110). Cuban literature was divided by the Revolution. Books and other written works were labeled as Pre-Revolutionary or Post-Revolutionary (Chomsky 110). Detective writer, Leonardo Padura, is the most famous writer in the Post-Revolutionary generation of writers. In his stories, the villain always represents the old and corrupt pre-revolution order, while the hero was motivated by the values of the Revolution (Chomsky 114). Literature is very important in every culture and the Cuban Revolution made a huge investment into it. The new government created a literacy campaign and articulated the importance of education on society (Chomsky 111). The creation of literacy prizes and publishing houses helped to make Cuba the most literate country in the Americas. “Revolution helped make the promotion of literature a priority” (Chomsky 111). A new literary genre emerged from the revolution. Testimonio, as it is called in Cuba was inspired by the literature and institutions of the Revolution (Chomsky 115). Except for testimonio, the revolutionary impact of Cuba on the rest of the Latin American ...
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... and physical fitness were integrated into education and society. People paid attention to sports and their athletes, sporting events were free to the public, and people had the right to practice any sport they choose. Women were given rights and feminism became a prominent issue. Similarly, racism and ethnic discrimination were less of a problem than before, but still not eradicated. Religion was frowned upon and Catholicism became somewhat scandalous because of so-called counter revolutions and favoritism of the elites, but in the end people did have a constitutional right to believe in anything they chose, regardless of Cuba’s declared Marxist and atheist nation. Politically, the people did have more rights, and finally got to speak out about what they wanted for society, some of it was even democratic. Formal democracy, however, was not an option for most people.
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