The most important events linked to Tiananmen Square are the May Fourth Movement of 1919, brought on by student protests against China allowing Japan to receive Shandong territory as part of the Treaty of Versailles. After the Chinese Civil War ended in 1949, the Republic of China was reduced to control only Taiwan and Hainan. The new government was proclaimed as the People’s Republic of China by Mao Zendong from the top of the Tiananmen building. “To the thousands of commoners and soldiers gathered under the Gate, it meant that the hidden power had finally emerged and submitted itself to them. No other gesture could more effectively prove the newness of the Communist leadership, and no other act could more convincingly seal the title of People 's Republic. From that moment Tiananmen was no longer one of many gates, but a monument where yearly parades would refresh the memory of the country 's founding.” ...
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... thought. In order to compete with other countries in the foreign market, China has opened up to capalist investments to strengthen its socialist sector of the economy. “Within a decade China became self-sufficient in food production and laid the basis for an industrialized country....in spite of the enormous costs, both in human and material terms…foreign capital combined with a new working class pouring in from the rural areas. China produces goods for the whole world with an extremely high level of profit for the capitalists who have at their disposal a huge source of labor power.” (Fabbri, 1) Perhaps, if the Chinese government would have addressed the issues raised by the student protests of 1989, the country would have been the leader of an industrialized and profitable people a long time ago; instead of repressing the memories of a massacre in Tainanmen Square.
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