A Defense Of Abortion By Judith Jarvis Thomson Essay

A Defense Of Abortion By Judith Jarvis Thomson Essay

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The topic of abortion has been one of the most controversial in bioethics, revolving around the issue of whether a fetus has the right to life and when a fetus is considered a person. In Judith Jarvis Thomson’s article, “A Defense of Abortion”, she presents the belief that the fetus is granted with the right to life and is considered a person upon contraception. Throughout the article, Thomson attempts to argue that abortion is not always considered murder under specific cases. She uses analogical reasoning to explain her reasoning for abortion; in this case, she uses the metaphor of a sick violinist and relates it to a mother and fetus.
Thomson begins her argument by agreeing that every person, even a fetus, has the right to life. With the use of analogical reasoning, Thomson creates a scenario where the reader has been kidnapped and plugged to an unconscious violinist; if disconnected from the violinist, he will die from a fatal kidney aliment. Thomson puts the reader into the position of a pregnant mother, whereas the violinist portrays the fetus that needs the reader’s blood type to survive (1, Thomson, CC 2015 p. 0238). The kidnapping of the reader demonstrates many situations of the woman in an unplanned pregnancy; the woman may have used faulty birth control, the baby may contain a horrible disease, or the woman could have been raped. In this case, the sick violinist is the person, as well as an unborn fetus, which prompts the reader to make the difficult choice of either unplugging and killing the life of a person or being a good Samaritan by letting him live.
Thomson plays around with the sick violinist analogy, giving the mother an equal right to life as the fetus. When compared to the violinist example, one must cons...


... middle of paper ...


...iolinist remains innocent, giving him a right to life (6, Noonan, CC 2015 p. 349). Noonan proposes good Samaritan ethics to save the violinist. No matter his reasoning, Thomson can respond by proving that good Samaritan obligations are limited to very few cases. The decisions made by these ethics depend on how great the sacrifice. Many things can be sacrificed, whether it may be her status, economic situation, or even her identity. What if the mother was not responsible for her pregnancy? What if she was raped and forced against her will? Thomson can continue by arguing that a woman should not be forced to carry out with having a baby if it is not her obligation.
With the use of analogical reasoning, Thomson’s sick violinist metaphor concludes that a pregnant woman has no obligation to give a fetus life. Thus, abortion is not considered murder under specific cases.

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