A Debate On The Effects Of Overpopulation Essay

A Debate On The Effects Of Overpopulation Essay

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A Debate on the Effects of Overpopulation
Overpopulation is a major challenge that humans face today. The human population is close to 8 billion, and at our current birthrate, we are adding nearly one billion more people every 12 years. Issues including depending on natural resources, degradation of the environment, poverty, unemployment and other dangerous effects which are extremely likely to effect the human race as a cause of overpopulation.
In” Overpopulation is Not the Problem,” Erle C. Ellis makes the claim that humans will adapt to population growth, as they did in archeological records. Ellis makes the claim that people don’t understand the ecological system of societies. Archeological understanding shows that technology and man-made ecosystems have always been able to withstand population growth in natural ecosystems. Archaeology shows that the genus Homo practiced social hunting and used stone tools to make food and structures. Many years later, Homo sapiens extracted nutrients from the species by cooking them, and used different woods for enhanced hunting outcomes. Ellis points out that these innovations were used before the last ice age ended. So, if hunter-gatherers were, therefore successful world-wide; at that time, then human innovation will suffice and adapt. Ellis further argues that, the planet’s carrying-capacity of hunter-gatherers wasn’t any more than 100 million. Without their stone tools, he argues, the amount would be a lot less. The creation of agriculture, eventually empowered a higher population growth, which needed more land-use. Although the population is much higher now, approximately 7.2 billion, society has adapted with innovation. In contrast to a UN assessment, Ellis believes that a peak popu...


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...ural environments so as to increase the carrying capacity for our species,” Walker makes the claim that, “past performance does not guarantee future result.” Walker concludes by answering the question begged by Ellis in saying that; counteracting overpopulation is: “not just silly, it is dangerous folly.”
Overpopulation has already implemented many changes in such a short period of time. Changes have been made in response by government expenditures and laws in response to the UN statistics. Although changes have been made, deforestation is still an issue. The living standards of under-developed countries have not been able to adhere to the situation of overpopulation. The adaptation of human history is likely not enough to withstand modern day issues brought up by Alon Tal and Robert Walker. Joel Kotkin, and Erle C. Ellis have set unrealistic options for the planet.

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