Before researchers begin in-depth studies of anthropology as a science or the anthropological study of science, they tend to first note how science is truly a social activity. As noted by Martin, “What sets the sciences apart is that they claim to construct reality but not to be themselves constructed” (Martin 26). This idea of science on a pedestal seems to warrant an elusive stance for the study of science, which gave rise to Martin’s concern of not being able to “get outside of science to study it”. After realizing she had a false impression of science, M...
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...ulture. Just as science is influenced by culture, the field itself has influenced culture. Anthropologists have come to care about science for two reasons. For one, the way the public regards scientific findings as ultimate, unquestionable truth allows for those involved in science to wield much power. Additionally, seeing that science is a cultural activity, anthropologists must be included in the interdisciplinary study of science. Since anthropology is used to study culture, the common methodology of ethnography can be used to research science just as it would be used to investigate other cultural activities. Martin’s statement has encouraged an analysis of the interrelationship between anthropology and science that is not only important in determining the parameters of science as a discipline, but also in discerning how and why anthropologists must study science.
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