A Critical Role On Information Processing, Judgment, And Decision Making

A Critical Role On Information Processing, Judgment, And Decision Making

Length: 1169 words (3.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The affective components, such as emotion and mood, play a critical role on information processing, judgment, and decision-making. Tiedens and Linton (2001) found that emotions associated with appraisals of certainty were more likely to engage in heuristic processing, whereas emotions associated with appraisals of uncertainty were associated with systematic processing. Moreover, Baas, de Dreu, and Nijstad (2012) extended previous study and found that certainty appraisals were associated with less structured thinking, whereas uncertainty appraisals were associated with more structured thinking. However, Moons and Mackie (2007) refuted previous assumption and suggested that certainty-associated emotions can enhance thinking and promote analytic information processing. Taken together, these studies all examined the relationship between emotion and information processing; however, emotions of the same intensity, valence, and arousal level can foster different information processing due to individual and situational differences.
Tiedens and Linton (2001) found that incidental emotions related with certainty appraisals including anger and happiness tend to produce more certain feeling in subsequent situations and therefore were more likely to engage in heuristic processing, stereotyping, pay less attention to argument quality, and rely more on expertise of the source (Tiedens & Linton, 2001). On the other hand, emotions related with uncertainty appraisals including fear and sadness tend to produce more uncertain feeling in subsequent situations and therefore more likely to engage in systematic processing (Tiedens & Linton, 2001). However, there were several limitations that affect the strength of the study. First, although neutral cond...

... middle of paper ...

...s the most convincing and believable article. Although valence and arousal level are not perfectly controlled, the result inline with Tiedens and Linton (2001)’s previous assumption, which is a useful piece of evidence. Furthermore, Baas et al., (2012) extended from Tiedens and Linton (2001)’s study, they are not only evaluate the broad topic of information processing but also focus more on specific type of processing, such as structured thinking. Baas et al., (2012)’s findings can be further applied to future study on emotion control and pathological problem. However, future research should also examine how cultural and sex differences can play a critical role in influencing the relationship between emotion and information processing. Therefore, it is worth to examine the possibility since individuals can differ in processing style due to all the external variables.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Critical Thinking : What Is It Good For? Essay

- Thinking critically is described as “the most powerful joint instrument for good that our planet has ever known.” (Gabennesch, 2013, p.1) Critical thinking is an aspect of the mind that I don’t necessarily utilize in my day-to-day life effectively, even though it is a part of our natural instincts. Without knowing, as humans, we think critically everyday, but are not fully conscious of it. Metacognition, a form of comprehending critical thoughts, is the ability to analyze objectively and evaluate an issue in order to form a judgment....   [tags: Critical thinking, Thought, Cognition, Reasoning]

Better Essays
785 words (2.2 pages)

Clinical Reasoning And Critical Thinking Essay

- When it comes to nursing school and nursing as a career, clinical reasoning and critical thinking go hand in hand. The APA states that critical thinking is defined as, “purposeful, self-regulatory judgment that uses cognitive tools such as interpretation, analysis, evaluation, inference, and explanation of the evidential, conceptual, methodological, criteriological, or contextual considerations on which judgment is based”(as cited in Clinical Reasoning, Decision making, and Action: Thinking Critically and Clinically, Benner,Hughes,Sutphen, 2008)....   [tags: Critical thinking, Nursing, Thought, Reasoning]

Better Essays
771 words (2.2 pages)

Ethical Decision Making And Ethical Decisions Essay example

- Introduction It is essential for workers in health and social services to apply critical thinking skills in decision making. In particular, social workers have to make decisions on daily basis (Dolgoff, Harrington, & Loewenberg, 2012). Often, choices that confront social workers all contain positive and negative features, and it is upon one to weight and assess the known options and outcomes prior to choosing the one that is seemingly most ethical (Chase, 2015). The case of Jordan Knight, the counsellor, and Bruce Bane, his client, provides an example of case where making ethical judgements would raise interest in practice....   [tags: Ethics, Decision making, Decision making software]

Better Essays
1752 words (5 pages)

Essay on How The Professional Nurse Uses Clinical Judgment And Decision Making

- Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport has been the world 's busiest airport every year since 2000 (Hetter, 2015). Airport personnel and local Atlanta communities have regular disaster preparedness trainings. These trainings include evacuation of downed or distressed airliners, evacuation of local communities affected by the disaster and communication with the community throughout the disaster. The purpose of this paper is to outline the disaster, describe how the professional nurse uses clinical judgment and decision-making skills to provide appropriate nursing care, include other health care professionals that may be involved in an emergency or disaster response, and detail strat...   [tags: Health care, Health care provider, Patient]

Better Essays
1049 words (3 pages)

Essay on The Relationship Between Critical Thinking And Ethics

- Critical Thinking and Ethics The relationship between critical thinking and ethics are essential to the ongoing cycle of discovery, intention, and action, which are the embodiment of the process of thinking critically. Applying ethical principles in correlation with critical thinking to an abstracted set of instances and occurrences is fundamental to the discovery of a definitive solution to any situation that requires efficacious problem-solving and decision-making skills. It is beneficial to employ critical thinking and ethical values daily because they encourage integrity, equality, rationality and successful ventures....   [tags: Ethics, Critical thinking, Reasoning, Virtue]

Better Essays
830 words (2.4 pages)

How Is Critical Thinking Inside The Art Classroom? Essay

- How To Promote Critical Thinking Inside the Art Classroom. Jonathan Pleitez Texas State University From my educator experience, I have learned a lot about the role of a teacher. One of a teacher’s role is to provide knowledge to their students and to incorporate that acquired knowledge into the world. A strategy teachers use is critical thinking. Critical thinking is crucial in the learning process. As an inspiring art educator, I 've begun to ask myself the question: How do teachers promote critical thinking in an art classroom....   [tags: Critical thinking, Thought, Reasoning, Learning]

Better Essays
1314 words (3.8 pages)

An Introduction to Managerial Decision Making Essay

- An Introduction to Managerial Decision Making Phar-Mor, Inc., the nation’s largest discount drugstore chain, filed for bankruptcy court protection in 1992, following discovery of one of the largest business fraud and embezzlement schemes in U.S. history. Coopers and Lybrand, Phar-Mor’s former auditors, failed to detect inventory inflation and other financial manipulations that resulted in $985 million of earnings overstatements over a three-year period. A federal jury unanimously found Coopers and Lybrand liable to a group of investors on fraud charges....   [tags: Business Management Decision Making Essays]

Better Essays
4608 words (13.2 pages)

Essay about Decision Making Technique

- Importance of Effective Decision-Making Techniques As any strategist can tell you, being anticipatory gives one a great competitive advantage. It is very important for businesses to complete a thorough analysis of any given situation in order to develop a solution. Picking the correct tool or technique is crucial to the success of a group searching for the best solution. There are important decisions being made each and every day. Some of these decisions will mean the difference of a corporation's success or failure and will effect the livelihood of those employed by or dependant on the corporation and its success....   [tags: Decision Critical Thinking Management]

Better Essays
1403 words (4 pages)

Essay Personal Development as a Critical Practitioner

- To what extent do you consider that you have already started to develop the approaches of a critical practitioner. Analyse and evaluate your progress using examples from your work to illustrate your arguments. Introduction For the purpose of this assignment I will consider how I have already started to develop as a ‘Critical Practitioner’. By this statement I would put forward how I am being ‘open minded’, use a ‘reflective approach’ that takes account of ‘different perspectives, experiences and assumptions’ (Glaister cited in the reader pg 8)....   [tags: Reflection ]

Better Essays
2278 words (6.5 pages)

Essay on Critical Evaluation Of A Social Work

- Critical Social Work practice is an ideological framework that bridges the gap between a dichotomous approach, in which there is struggle between delivering services to the individual or targeting social structures (Salas et al., 2010, p. 91). A practitioner analyzes both the macro and micro levels to determine the best course of action (Hayden, 2016). York University uses critical social work as their framework to avoid a dichotomous practice by presenting an innovative mission statement which is in align with the theory’s principles shaping the profession....   [tags: Sociology, Social work, Social class]

Better Essays
1075 words (3.1 pages)