The founder of the classical theory, Cesare Beccaria; wrote about punishment, and the effects it has on criminal behavior. The concepts of this theory are that people are of free will and free to choose all behavior, including criminal behavior. His theory was that people who committed acts of crime wanted to achieve pleasure and avoid pain; coming to the conclusion that committing a crime must offer some type of pleasure; and that pain should be given to balance the effects of the pleasure.
People’s choices can be controlled by the fear of punishment; and that the more severe, certain, and swift the punishment, the greater its ability to control criminal behavior. Although, all people have the ability to violate the laws because of the possible rewards and gains with little to no effort; most choose not to because of the fear that they will be caught, punished, and that the punishment will outweigh the potential gain. The rational choice is a decision to commit a crime; a ...
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...te the basics of the modern criminology. It cannot under any condition be said that one or another theory is more or less important because they are all developing all the time.
Criminology today has gathered aspects from all the different theories in order to analyze, explain, predict and prevent criminal behavior. The most vital aspect of criminology is that there is a contribution of all of theories; they all work for one purpose to help eliminate crime in society and create a better world for our children and future generations. Although, the biological theory has lost some of its significance; this theory as well as the rest should not be forgotten. If people do not know their past and where they began, they will never know their future.
Siegel, Larry J. "Essentials of Criminal Justice." Wadsworth Cengage Learning, Belmont, CA. 2009
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