A Comparison of Instructional Design Models Essay

A Comparison of Instructional Design Models Essay

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Models of Instructional Design

An Instructional Design Model is a framework for instruction, used by many trainers and educators, which helps to identify and explain the steps associated with the instruction process. (Rosenberg, 1982) Instructional design models attempt to identify the needs of the learner, and provide a process through which a course will be taught. Steps within the model help instructors to break down the courses they teach into a series of steps or parts in order to ensure the intended outcomes of learning are being met. Many different models of instructional design have been written including the Dick & Carey model, the ADDIE, and the Kemp ISD model; however, for the purpose of this paper, comparison of the Dick & Carey Model of Instructional Design and the ADDIE model will be the main focus. (Andrews & Goodson, 1980)

The ADDIE (Analysis, Design, Development, Implement, and Evaluate) model, although its origin is unknown, is a five-part instructional design model, which many current theories of instructional design are based upon. Even though the ADDIE model is considered by some as the original model of instructional design, some weaknesses in the design have been noted, perhaps spring boarding the development of more detailed instructional design plans. (Learning Theories, 2011) The stages of this model incorporate more into each successive step. The five stages are not specifically broken down into smaller sections. This has been considered by some a design flaw, and steps have been taken by others, such as Dick & Carey to further refine these 5 stages.

Analysis is the first stage of the ADDIE models, and encompasses both the setting of instructional goals, and instructional purpose. In this sta...

... middle of paper ...

... sequence, appear to continue to provide a framework for educators to follow when developing effective courses of study. Their relevance seems to have survived the years, and withstanding a few revisions, the significance of design models remains steadfast in the field of instructional design and education.


Andrews, D. & Goodson, L. (1980) A comparative analysis of models of instructional

design. Journal of Instructional Development, 3(4) 2-16

Dick, W. (1996). The dick and carey model: Will it survive the decade?, ETR&D,

44(3), 55-63

Rosenberg, M (1982) The abc’s of isd* (*Instructional systems of design). Training

and Development Journal, 44-49

Learning Theories Knowledgebase (2011, December). ADDIE Model at

Learning-Theories.com. Retrieved December 13th, 2011

from http://www.learning-theories.com/addie-model.html

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