Developmental psychology is an area of research devoted to explaining the continuing growth and change that occurs over the course of one’s life. Throughout history many varying theories have been used to attempt to explain the complex process of childhood experiences altering who individuals become as an adult.
From a Freudian perspective, human development is based on psychosexual theory (Wedding & Corsini, 2014). Psychosexual theory indicates that maturation of the sex drives underlies stages of personality development (Shaffer et al., 2010). It was Freud’s perspective that there are three components of personality (the id, ego, and superego) that become integrated into his five stage theoretical model. The id was the biological or drive component that is innate from birth. The sole purpose of the Id is satiate an individual’s internal drives (Wedding & Corsini, 2014). The ego is the conscious portion of our personality that mediates between our id and superego. Throughout development the ego reflects the child’s emerging ability to...
... middle of paper ...
...hasized the psychosocial factors that influence individuals
Barlow, D., Durand, V., & Stewart, S. (2009). Abnormal psychology an integrative apporach. (2nd ed.). United States of America: Wadsworth
Friedman, H. S., & Schustack, M. W. (2012). Personality: Classic theories and modern research (5th ed). Boston , MA, USA: Pearson
Kerig, P., & Wenar, C. (2006). Developmental psychopathology from infancy through adolescence. (5th ed.). Mcgraw Hill.
Lothane, Z. (2006). Freud's legacy--is it still with us?. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 23(2), 285-301. doi:10.1037/0736-97184.108.40.2065
Shaffer, D., Kipp, K., Wood, E., & Willoughby, T. (2010). Developmental psychology childhood and adolescence. (3rd ed.). USA: Thomson Wadsworth
Wedding, D., & Corsini, R. J. (Eds.). (2014). Current psychotherapies (10th ed.). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole, Cengage
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Gender and age intersect in an individual’s life from their first to their last day. With this notion, there are four key ways that gender and age intersect. First, gender and personality intersect and has largely to do with Erikson’s theory of development and its eight stages. Secondly, gender and aging minds and body are usually split because they are both large concepts. Gender and aging minds relates to the cognitive aspect of a person’s development whereas gender and body looks at physical changes throughout the lifespan.... [tags: Erik Erikson]
1024 words (2.9 pages)
- The first years of our lives are said to have a huge impact on the rest of our life. It can shape us for the good or cause some bad effects on us as well. Understanding what makes infants and young children turn into good people is important. Using psychology we can test and find what makes a baby turn out better in the long run. Also, psychologists understand that a baby that may be behind or ahead of the average baby is because of that babies environment and their genes. These and many other things, help us understand that the first years of our lives are the most important.... [tags: Psychology, Sigmund Freud]
772 words (2.2 pages)
- Freud believed that we are dominated by biological needs, especially sexual, that must be controlled if we are to become civilized human beings. In his view, our perpetual struggle to tame these impulses leads to the emotional conflicts that shape our personality. According to his Psychoanalytic Theory, personality is shaped by an ongoing conflict between peoples primary drives, particularly sex and aggression and the social pressures of civilized society. Also early childhood experience plays a major role in molding personality.... [tags: Erikson’s Eight Stages]
300 words (0.9 pages)
- Psychology Research Paper Madeline M Bowers Paris Junior College 2 Abstract My research paper explains the theories, work, family, and differences/similarities of two theorists. Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson are the theorists I chose to compare. Both did a lot to change the way people saw psychology and understood it. What were the biggest differences between the two theorists. Freud explains the psychosexual side of psychology. Discovering the unconscious, a dark place that most people cannot even access without treatment, Freud looked into the “dark side” of psychology.... [tags: Sigmund Freud, Psychoanalysis, Psychology]
1016 words (2.9 pages)
- Freud’s psychosexual theory and Erikson’s psychosocial theory are two very renowned developmental concepts. Erikson was persuaded by Freud’s ideas but he elaborated on the theory differently. Erikson’s theory emphasized how both earlier and later experiences are proportionately important in the person’s development and how personality develops beyond puberty. But, Freud would argue that most development occurs during the earlier period of an individual’s life. Freud’s psychosexual stages comprised of five stages that ends in puberty.... [tags: Psychosexual development, Sigmund Freud]
860 words (2.5 pages)
- The first essay of this paper will cover Question two of section “A”. This essay will examine Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson tie religion in early childhood, with a focus on the contrasting difference of both thinkers’ views of the means in determining the value of religion and how religion is related to mature development. Finally, both thinkers’ views will be analyzed to determine the value of religious implication and my personal opinion of which thinker provides the most compelling view. It is well known that Sigmund Freud based his thinking purely on science and the notion of common sense; anything else is deemed a non-factual response stemming from a lack of knowledge or understanding... [tags: Developmental psychology]
1223 words (3.5 pages)
- In 1905 Sigmund Freud theorized that childhood development happens in stages, which are called “Psychosexual Development Stages.” In 1950 Erik Erikson developed “Psychosocial Stages,” which are greatly influenced by Freud’s theories. Freud’s theory centers on psychosexual energy or the libido. Erickson’s theory centers on issues and tasks being met at specific ages. Even though we are sexual beings, our developmental stages do not focus entirely on sexual pleasures. Both theories do show that personality develops in stages.... [tags: Childhood Development, Adulthood]
1455 words (4.2 pages)
- ... This is also the stage where children experience the Oedipus or Electra complex (Barlow, Durand, Stewart, 2009; Shaffer et al., 2010). Freud alleged that young boys would have sexual fantasies that included their mothers with accompanying feelings of anger toward their fathers. This was coupled with fears that their fathers would castrate them led to the Oedipus complex (Barlow, Durand, Stewart, 2009). Alternatively, girls may suffer from what is known as the Electra complex. Freud supposed that girls wanted to replace their mother’s place and assume a relationship with their father.... [tags: psychology and child development]
935 words (2.7 pages)
- Erik Erikson was born on June 15, 1902 in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. His father is said to have abandoned his family or died before Erickson was born. His mother remarried Theodore Homburger, the pediatrician who treated her during her pregnancy. In 1930 Erikson was wed to Joan Mowat Serson. They produced three children, Kai, John, and Sue. During this time he joined friends, Peter Blos and Dorothy Burlingham, Anne Freud’s colleague, in the development of a small children’s school in Vienna. This led to his training analysis being taught by Anne Freud, and lots a clinical work.... [tags: Erikson’s Eight Stages]
434 words (1.2 pages)
- Erik Homberger Erikson was born in 1902 near Frankfort, Germany to Danish parents. Erik studied art and a variety of languages during his school years, rather than science courses such as biology and chemistry. He did not prefer the atmosphere that formal schooling produced so instead of going to college he traveled around Europe, keeping a diary of his experiences. After a year of doing this, he returned to Germany and enrolled in art school. After several years, Erickson began to teach art and other subjects to children of Americans who had come to Vienna for Freudian training.... [tags: Erikson’s Eight Stages]
1574 words (4.5 pages)