In Turkey case of this paper, I will try to analyse Turkish media system with the theoretical framework which is developed by Daniel C. Hallin and Paolo Mancini in the article of Comparing Media Systems, Three Models of Media and Politics. I will make an attempt in order to investigate the basic characteristics of the media systems in Turkey, moreover I will bring the relationship between the state and the media through four dimensions, which are developments of the mass press, political parallelism, journalistic professionalism and the role of the state, developed by Hallin and Mancini’s work (Hallin and Mancini, 2005: pp. 217-220).
Hallin and Mancini’s conceptual framework comprises structures of four dimensions development of media markets, political parallelism or “the extent to which the media system reflects the major divisions in society”, the development of journalistic professionalism , and the degree and nature of state intervention in the media system; furthermore aspects of the state role; degree of pluralism, type of democracy, and degree of rational-legal authority with associating to the political contexts of media systems. Hallin and Mancini conceptualized the three models of media and politics when referring characteristic configurations within these dimensions. These are Mediterranean or Polarized Pluralist Model, North Central Europe or Democratic Corporatist Model, North Atlantic or Liberal Model. The principal features of Mediterranean or Polarized Pluralist Model are high political parallelism, low newspaper circulation, weaker professionalization, strong state intervention; North Central Europe or Democratic Corporatist Model consists high new...
... middle of paper ...
...Media Ownership Structure in Turkey. Ankara: Progressive Journalists Association.
Tunç, A. (2002) ‘Pushing the Limits of Tolerance. Functions of Political Cartoonists in the Democratization Process: The Case of Turkey’, Gazette: The International Journal For Communication Studies 64(1): 47–62.
Tunç, A. (2003) ‘Faustian Acts in Turkish Style: Structural Change in national Newspapers as an Obstacle to Quality Journalism in 1990-2003’, in O. Spassov (ed.) Quality Press in Southeast Europe. Sofia, Bulgaria: SOEMZ/Sofia University.
Zürcher, Eric J. (1993): Turkey, A Modern History, London & New York: I.B.Tauris.
Directorate General of Press and Information (Turkey):
Directorate General of Press and Information / Press Law (Turkey)
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Comparative Analysis Between Local and Imported Mobile Phones in Terms of Feature and Functionality Mobile phones are abounded in the Philippines. Nowadays, most Filipinos, rich or poor, are hooked in mobile phones. Over the years, mobile phones have evolved and as of today, they have spectacular features that are useful to its users. Mobile phones become very essential to its users because it combines different features in one gadget only. Radio, camera, music player, television and other wonderful features were added by the phone makers to a typical texting phone making the mobile phone an all around gadget.... [tags: comparative analysis, feature, fuctionality]
1859 words (5.3 pages)
- The Politics of Citizenship by Drawing Borders: Foreign Policy and the Construction of National Citizenship Identity in Turkey As far as the transitional period from the Ottoman Empire to the Turkish Republic is concerned, one of the crucial areas in which the impact of foreign policy has been observed is the building of national citizenship identity in Turkey. This is in terms of its relation not only to Turkish modernity but also to the process of nation-building that has considerable potential for producing political change because of the disruption it introduces into the established patterns of international relations.... [tags: Politics History Turkey]
1252 words (3.6 pages)
- Turkey and the European Union Let us begin this by looking at what the EU wants from Turkey. The criteria for EU membership adopted by the Copenhagen European Council in June 1993 require that a candidate country has achieved stability of institutions guaranteeing democracy, the rule of law, human rights, and respect for and protection of minorities; has a functioning market economy as well as the capacity to cope with competitive pressure and market forces within the Union; and has the ability to take on the obligations of membership, including adherence to the aims of political, economic and monetary union.... [tags: Turkey Foreign Affairs Europe Essays]
612 words (1.7 pages)
- Religious Pluralism in Turkey's Attempt to Become a Secular State Religious Pluralism in Turkey: an Overview In 1923, a modern nation-state was forged by the reforms of Mustafa Kemal in the form of the Turkish republic. The Kemalist state sought to remove religion from the public realm by totally separating religion and politics. It was expected that the modernization process would lead to a decline in religious fervor. However, the process has actually moved Muslims into a more public sphere.... [tags: Politics Political Religion Turkey Papers]
1986 words (5.7 pages)
- History of Turkey and the European Union Turkey has had a long history with Europe and the European Union that stretches back many years. In 1952, Turkey joined the United States and most of Western Europe in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Turkey would look at this as the first step toward European acceptance, which had been so important to the country's founder and hero, Kemal Ataturk. It would become an associate member of the Western European Union. As early as 1959, Turkey tried to gain entrance into what is now the European Union, then known as the European Economic Community (EEC). Under the Ankara Agreement of 1963, Turkey became an associate member of the... [tags: Turkey History Politics Political Papers]
2386 words (6.8 pages)
- Comparative Analysis of Economic and Political Cleavages in South Africa and Zimbabwe Introduction Comparative politics is concerned with examining the characteristics or qualities of two different political entities to discover resemblances or differences. These entities can be general in nature, for example, the comparison of two countries, or more specific in nature, comparing two different systems of government. But, whether general or specific in nature, comparative politics tries to determine what caused the governments to form in the way that they did.... [tags: Economics South Africa Zimbabwe Essays]
2329 words (6.7 pages)
- In his lengthy undertaking, The Spanish Inquisition: A Historical Revision Henry Kamen attempts to readjust his readers thinking about the infamous Spanish Inquisition. Thirty years of research brought him to the conclusion that there was less persecution and horror in the Inquisition than pop culture and historians have drawn. In Trent 1475: Stories of a Ritual Murder Trial, R. Po-Chia Hsia takes the reader on a dark journey to the wretched persecution of a small community of Jews in the Italian city of Trent.... [tags: Comparative Literature]
1565 words (4.5 pages)
- Global Opportunities for Turkey The world is becoming much more connected, especially in the last few decades. The idea of being free individuals has become more important, as well as free market economies. Some ideologies have collapsed because of their antiquated offers about the political situations, yet some of them are ruling the world in the last hundred years. But if there is something certain about the whole world, it is that globalization is affecting and changing it. Turkey is located at the center of the Europe, Asia and Africa, therefore the political and economical circumstances of it are important both for the Western part and the Eastern part of the world, then, the role of... [tags: Globalization Turkey Economics Essays Papers]
1578 words (4.5 pages)
- The Turkish Republic was established in 1923, after the fall of the Ottoman Empire. The Empire had been slowly declining for several centeries, this can be attributed to its inablity to keep up scientificaly and the socail and political wars. Finally the Lausanne Peacem Treaty of July 24, 1923 established the international status and boundaries of the new country. The Republic of Turkey was formally declared on October 29, 1923. It immediatly started on a course of modernization in all walks of life.... [tags: essays research papers]
929 words (2.7 pages)
- Because of the war women gained the right to vote to vote. In 1946, the multiparty era began. A military junta seized power and governed from 1960 to 1961. In 1961, a new constitution was ratified, and elections began. The 70’s were a time of political violence and economic uncertainty. Because of this, in 1980 a second junta was formed, which instituted martial law and abolished all political parties. The second junta was dissolved because of a new constitution, adopted in 1982. Turkey then became a republican parliamentary democracy.... [tags: essays research papers fc]
1986 words (5.7 pages)