The past is a good indicator of the future, and a careful examination of America’s richly eventful historical past will reveal that for a black male in particular, the likelihood of him being racially profiled occurs more frequently than his Caucasian counterparts. According to the declaration of independence which stated “all men are created equal” (Thomas Jefferson, 1776), it is evidently clear that this phrase was and still isn’t applicable toward African Americans. We can look at our nations early colonial era when the period’s powerful and well-to-do elites rationalized the enslavement of Africans and indigenous people as a moral good and service to “the lesser races”. It is universally known in America that the racial caste system of slavery which included racial profiling, lasted ...
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Ginwright, Shawn A. 2002. "Classed Out: The Challenges of Social Class in Black Community Change." University of California Press on behalf of the Society for the Study of Social Problems 49:544-566
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Martin, Ardis C. 2008 "Television media as a potential negative factor in the racial identity development of African American youth." Academic Psychiatry 32, no. 4:338-342.
Mauer, Marc, and Ryan S. King. 2007 “A 25-year quagmire: The war on drugs and its impact on American society”. Sentencing Project.
Smedley, A. (1998). " Race" and the Construction of Human Identity. American Anthropologist, 100, no.3:690-702.
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