A Cirtique of South Africa's Choice on Termination of Pregnancy Essay example

A Cirtique of South Africa's Choice on Termination of Pregnancy Essay example

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A Chance to Choose with no Options: A Critique of South Africa’s Choice on Termination of Pregnancy Act 1996

The ongoing Pro-Life vs Pro-Choice battle creates a set of opposing beliefs, ideas and agenda one side of which individuals feel a strong need to belong. However, the concept of abortion is too complicated to only have two opposing sides define it. Therefore a vast majority of national governments reflect the complicity abortion creates in their legislations by either having a definite law allowing or prohibiting abortions. December 11, 1996 proves to be a monumental date of change towards women’s sexual and reproductive rights in Post-Apartheid South Africa. The government introduced the enacted Choice on Termination Pregnancy Act, 1996 (CTOP), which provides the liberalization for all women of any age to legally terminate a pregnancy during the first trimester, twelve weeks. Yet, under certain medical conditions and approval of a medical professional, an induced abortion can also occur after the first trimester. According to “Abortion Reform in South Africa: A Cast Study of the 1996 Choice on Termination of Pregnancy Act” by Guttmacher et al. “the law’s passage was a crucial advance for women, as it represented the recognition of reproductive rights by South Africa’s first democratically elected parliament” (Guttmacher et al. 191). Since then many national governments proclaim the CTOP to be one of the world’s most liberal abortion laws enacted by any government. Since implementation the law has provided a great decrease in numbers of maternal deaths. Authors indicate that more than 400 maternal deaths occurred in 1994 where as only nine deaths were reported in late 1997 (Guttmacher et al. 194). However, this data does n...

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J, Moodley and VS Akinsooto. “Unsafe Abortions in a Developing Country: Has Liberalization
of Laws on Abortions Made a Difference?” African Journal of Reproductive Health / La
Revue Africaine de la Santé Reproductive. Vol. 7, No. 2 (Aug.,2003): 34-38. Web. 18
Apr. 2014.
Mbizvo, Michael and Shahida Zaidi. “Addressing Critical Gaps in Achiving Universal Access to
Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH): The Case or Improving Adolescent SRH,
Preventing Unsafe Abortion, and Enhacing Linkages between SRH and HIV
Interventions.” International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics. 110. (2010): 3-6.
Web. 18 Apr. 2014.
Moore, Jina, and Estelle Ellis. "In South Africa, A Liberal Abortion Law Doesn't Guarantee
Access." The Nation. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2014.
"Understanding Unsafe Abortion." WHO. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2014.

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