The introduction of the antipsychotic drug, Thorazine, shifted the primary care of the mentally ill to medical doctors; previously all care of the mentally ill had been with psychiatrists. This motivated the psychiatric community to reestablish their important role in treating mental illness. The onset of this movement started with World War II military psychiatrists. These psychiatrists attributed ...
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...ut that many patients that have been moved from psychiatric hospitals to nursing or residential homes are not always staffed or fully equipped to meet the needs of the mentally ill. Many mentally ill who were released from institutions were re-institutionalized in jails or prisons. Only one in three of these patient’s report receiving treatment while in jail. Another problem the mentally ill face is discrimination. The community at large is often afraid of people with mental illnesses and think that they are dangerous.
The deinstitutionalization process began in the 1950’s and the original plan was to put the mentally ill into the community so that that could have freedom and learn responsibility. However, this has been unsuccessful over the years because of the community’s failure to take care of the mentally ill. Thus, resulting in homelessness and incarceration.
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