A Brief Note On Pharmaceutical Companies And Its Impact On Its Effects On Their Ability

A Brief Note On Pharmaceutical Companies And Its Impact On Its Effects On Their Ability

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It is no secret that there has been an increase in the amount of diagnosis’ occurring over the past years, especially in the psychological field. Coon et al. defines over-diagnosis as the accurate diagnosis of a person to which the diagnosis will not benefit the person. This is separate from misdiagnosis, which is an inaccurate diagnosis of a person with something that they do not have and therefore mistakenly treated. Over-diagnosis is found in cases where a person does have an abnormality but it does not significantly impact on their ability to function and therefore treatment is not required. Coon et al. identify several factors that are leading to over diagnosis, but one of the most interesting factors is the industry. This refers to pharmaceutical companies who capitalize on increased diagnosis because it means more people are buying their drugs. Pharmaceutical companies spend millions of dollars on advertisements that pull at societies fears that there is something wrong with them, encouraging people to ask their doctors about certain drugs (Coon et al. 2014). In 2009 Pharmaceutical companies spent $4.5 billion on marketing campaigns aimed specifically at costumers (Coon et al. 2014). The United States is the leading pharmaceutical market and due to it high consumption rate companies put more resources and money into the marketing of a disorder/drug then in research and development (Ebeling 2011). These marketing practices typically begin long before the drugs are even approved, usually in the pre-clinical stages of drug development (Ebeling 2011). Most of these “direct-to-consumer” campaigns encourage people to self-diagnosis and have commercialized the idea (Ebeling 2001). Companies take advantage of the DSM’s “checklist...


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...e & Lerner 2015). It is evident that medication therapy is a reliable and effective way to treat ADHD, however the increased diagnoses made have had another effect. A growing concern especially among researchers and university students diagnosed with ADHD is the distribution or these drugs for recreational use (Vrecko 2015). ADHD drugs like Ritalin are used recreationally due to their similarities to cocaine, but are reported to have a more pleasurable experience and last longer, when taken by non-ADHD people (DeSantis, Anthony & Cohen 2013). However these drug do not have the same reputation as other recreational drugs because they are prescription and therefore people can more easily justify there use (DeSantis & Hane 2010). Therefore, although ADHD drugs have been identified as the most effective treatment of ADHD, there over prescription is leading to drug abuse.

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