Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited chronic disease that must be carried by both parents in order to for the person to suffer from it. When two parents who are carriers have a child there is a 25 percent chance of having a child with CF and when one parents has CF and one parent is a carrier, there is a 50 percent chance of having a child with CF
This disease affects organs such as the liver, lungs, pancreas, and intestines.
This disease disrupts the body’s salt balance leaving too little salt and water on the outside of cells which makes the thin mucus that protects the linings of the airways, digestive system, reproductive system, and other organs and tissues free of germs become thick and sticky mucus thus clogging the airways and damaging the lungs.
This leads to severe problems with breathing and bacterial infections in the lungs. This mucous also leads to disability, multisystem failure, and affects digestion by obstructing the pancreas and stopping natural enzymes from helping the body to break down and absorb food. It also can block the intestines from absorbing important nutrients like fat and vitamins from food.
People who have cystic fibrosis are usually underweigh so they are required to eat a lot of calories and fatty foods than the average amount in order to survive.
Over the years treatment became better thus more years added to the individual’s survival.
Respiratory system symptoms:
The thick and sticky mucus that is caused by cystic fibrosis will clog tubes that carry air in and out of your lungs this can cause:
A cough that produces thick (sputum) mucus
Unable to breathe
Inflamed nasal passages or a stuffy nose
Digestive system sym...
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...e, can 't absorb the needed nutrients from the food you eat. Using a feeding tube will help you get extra nutrition while you sleep. This tube is either threaded through your nose to your stomach or surgically implanted into the abdomen. (hopkins cf)
A Bowel surgery is used if a blockage develops in your bowel and needs to be removed through this surgery. Intussusception is when a section of bowel has folded in on itself also requires surgery. (mayo clinic)
A lung transplant might be needed in case if you have severe breathing problems, life-threatening lung complications or increasing resistance to antibiotics that is is used to treat lung infections, lung transplantation may be an option. Both lungs are affected by cystic fibrosis, therefore, both needs to be replaced. (mayo clinic)
Caucasians have a lot more chance of having CF than any other race.
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