A Brief Note On Criminology And The Criminal Justice System Essay

A Brief Note On Criminology And The Criminal Justice System Essay

Length: 2046 words (5.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

ESSAY – LABELLING PERSPECTIVES
1. Define what criminology and introduce theory 200
Criminology is a field of scientific study focused on crimes and criminals. Criminology has been studied for many years, and throughout these years several theories have been developed to understand and predict the numerous causes of crimes and to figure out possible ways to respond and attempt to fix these crimes and make any improvements to the criminal justice system to ensure a safe society. One specific approach within criminology is the labelling perspectives. This theory aims to understand the response of others, who identify and interpret activities and certain individuals as deviant. This essay will examine the labelling perspective and how it relates to both the criminal justice system and society.

1. Explanation including definition of crime and causes of crime
• The labelling perspectives seek to analyse how the behaviour displayed by individuals may be determined or influenced by the terms used to describe or classify them. It is often seen to be closely associated with the self-fulfilling prophecy, and a major concept of stereotyping. Due to the vast contribution from a number of different theorists that uphold a wide scope of views, the labelling perspective is very diverse and thus holds the ability to be applied to different aspects of society. The labelling theory connects to great sociological ideas of Durkheim such as symbolic interactionism and the conflict theory. Symbolic interactionism proposes that there are four steps of the labelling process. Firstly, the negative label is given to an individual in which, someone uses negative words or terms to describe the individual (such as deviant or criminal). The...


... middle of paper ...


...fferent labelling theorists, they have shown that the conforming members of society, who interpret certain behaviours as being deviant and then attach this label to individuals, determine the distinction between deviance and non-deviance, which can then determine the future of an individual as they will take on the label given to them, this in turn will lead to a life of criminal behaviour. Thus, the labelling perspectives can be known to shape how the individual acts in an attempt to fit in with title in which they at labelled. However, the labelling perspectives fails to explain why people break the law while the majority conform explaining that people go about minding their own business and then out of nowhere society gives them a stigmatised label. The theory blames society and portrays criminals as innocent victims which are is not always the case. Akers, (1994)

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

A Brief Note On Criminology And The Criminal Justice System Essay

- Historically, criminology was significantly ‘gender-blind’ with men constituting the majority of criminal offenders, criminal justice practitioners and criminologists to understand ‘male crimes’ (Carraine, Cox, South, Fussey, Turton, Theil & Hobbs, 2012). Consequently, women’s criminality was a greatly neglected area and women were typically seen as non-criminal. Although when women did commit crimes they were medicalised and pathologised, and sent to mental institutions not prisons (Carraine et al., 2012)....   [tags: Sociology, Crime, Criminal justice]

Better Essays
1518 words (4.3 pages)

A Brief Note On Forensic Psychology And Criminal Justice System Essay

- Joanna Adler is a Principal Lecturer of Forensic Psychology at Middlesex University, where she has been working since 2013. She has written many different books, book sections and journals, ranging from topics such on why people kill to forensic psychology. Her first major publication being in 2004 with her book on ‘Forensic Psychology: Concepts, Debates and Practice’. Throughout his years of teaching, she read a vast amount of information relating to (forensic) psychology and how this is used in the criminal justice system....   [tags: Sociology, Crime, Psychology, Criminology]

Better Essays
1918 words (5.5 pages)

A Brief Note On Crime Prevention And Prevention Essay

- Crime Prevention PeeJay Nowling Argosy University Online   Crime Prevention To keep the community safe crime prevention must be on a continuous basis and something law enforcement personnel and police keep on top of. It should include the community and the citizens of the community to help get the message out there to keep the society safer. There have been many crime prevention strategies tested and some that proved to work and others that failed miserably. The strategies that fail can be used to rethink and utilize how things may be done differently in the future and what and what does not work in what areas....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Crime prevention, Police]

Better Essays
720 words (2.1 pages)

A Brief Note On Crime And Gun Control Essay

- Crime and Gun Control The US is among the various countries that are having problems with enacting laws that control guns. However, what the world fails to understand is that controlling guns does not end crime. Controlling crimes is the only sure manner and way of maintaining peace and order in various states across the US and the whole world. The various administrations have been trying to address the issue of mass shootings and illegal owning of firearms to no success. Controlling guns cannot thus end crime....   [tags: Crime, Violent crime, Woman, Criminology]

Better Essays
871 words (2.5 pages)

Essay about Note Taking - The Cornell System

- Cornell strategy note taking system, was developed by Dr Pauk of Cornell University, the Cornell strategy is an excellent study system for organizing and reviewing lecture notes to increase comprehension and critical thinking of course materials, which typically results in improved test scores. Why I am using Cornell strategy: I am using Cornell Method because It is an organized and systematic strategy for recording and reviewing lecture notes, easy formatting for pulling out major concept and ideas....   [tags: Note Taking System, Cornell University, School]

Better Essays
1626 words (4.6 pages)

Criminology And Criminology Essay

- Although divergent in their analysis, approach and recommendations there is an overarching narrative that is shared by some criminological scholars. Put simply, the discipline of criminology broadly, and the work of criminologists, have been unsuccessful in enacting changes to criminal justice policy (Robinson, 2003, 234; Currie, 2007, 175; Mopas & Moore, 2012, 183). When considering the consensus that surrounds the pitfalls of criminology and criminologists, it seems natural to question the usefulness and the legitimacy of turning to this discipline and practice as a means of accomplishing change in criminal justice policy....   [tags: Crime, Police, Criminal justice, Criminology]

Better Essays
1074 words (3.1 pages)

Essay on The Death Penalty Should Be Prohibited For Many Reasons

- The death penalty should be prohibited for many reasons. There are some advantages and disadvantages in both options but, from my point of view, it is always better don´t use this penalty. In the following paragraphs I will provide some evidences in order to support my opinion. We mentioned above, there were two rationales for this argument. On the one hand, des from a religious point of view is the retaliation of the order of nature and instinct (...) If the crime is part of human nature, the law is not intended to imitate or reproduce this nature is made to correct secondly fit confronting other religious dogmatic considerations, such as love of neighbor, forgiveness, among others....   [tags: Crime, Capital punishment, Prison, Criminology]

Better Essays
1070 words (3.1 pages)

A Brief Note On The Federal Reserve System Essay

- Taxation and finance are two complicated aspects of the US Economy. To ensure that the financial sector is doing well the US government created the Federal Reserve System. The Federal Reserve System is the country’s central bank and it was established on December 23, 1913 (“FRB: What Is the Purpose of the Federal Reserve System?”). The members of the congress of that time established it so that there will be an institution that can help the country handle its financial concerns. Thus, its main task is to “provide the country with a stable and flexible financial system” (“FRB: What Is the Purpose of the Federal Reserve System”)....   [tags: Tax, Progressive tax, Federal Reserve System]

Better Essays
1576 words (4.5 pages)

A Brief Note On Criminology And The Police Officer Essay

- Criminology The individual that I interviewed Adolpho Mariel is a current police officer, ex border patrol officer, and retired veteran from the army. My connection to officer Mariel is through a friend of my younger brother (he is the uncle of my brother’s friend). I have met officer Mariel before, interacting with him in birthday parties or celebrations where we have both been invited through my younger brother and his friend. I have never really had a conversation with him about his career as a police officer, I knew he worked in San Diego but I never dwelled on his job....   [tags: Police, Law enforcement]

Better Essays
1119 words (3.2 pages)

Critical Criminology Essay

- Critical criminology, also known as radical criminology dates back to the concepts of Marxism. Despite the fact that Fredric Engels and Karl Marx were the founders of contemporary radical criminology, none of them gave explicit focus to crime. William Bonger (1876-1940), a Dutch criminologist was a more direct founder of this concept. It gained popularity during the early 1970s when it tried to explain the causes of contemporary social mayhem. He used economic explanations were used by critical criminology to analyze social behavior by arguing that social and economic inequalities were the main reason behind criminal behavior (Henry & Lainer, 1998)....   [tags: Criminology]

Free Essays
913 words (2.6 pages)