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Essay about What is Terrorism, Who Conducts it, and The Intended Target

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In today’s world, terrorism is not an un-known word; terrorism can be tracked back to early recorded history. Nevertheless terrorism definition is universally hard to define (Brown, 2008).

Every individual’s definition of terrorism is different some describe it as a strategy and tactic. Another will describe it as sacred obligation, some will say it’s a justified stand against domination. Obviously, it depends on whose point of view is being represented (Brown, 2008).

However, Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT define terrorism as: The use of power or violence against individuals or property for the purpose of personal or political gain. Majority of terrorists use violence and threats to generate fear among the public, Convincing the public that they are helpless against them and not even their government can prevent them from the intended terrorism. Terrorism acts can range from bombing, hijackings, kidnappings, cyber attacks, murder (Hafez, 2006) . Terrorists have access to illegal fire-arms, chemical, biological and nuclear weapons. Majority of terrorist attacks are done only for publicity to show the world that there is a new group on the world map (Hafez, 2006).

John T Rourke a prominent academic scholar of international politics has collated together the majority of popular common useful definitions of terrorism, He identifies terrorism in five (5) categories as:

A political terrorist act: An act committed with an objective to cause a political unrest. An accepted universal statement that “ war is the only resolution by any means” a statement that terrorists live by (Rourke, 2008).Terrorist’s in the political act simply work towards eliminating and breaking apart the steps and policies pu...


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...e set out to do (Beeson, 2009).


In conclusion: A single word can not define terrorism, every person has their own definition and understanding of the word. However, the word terrorism demands one and only definition by the international body.



Works Cited

Beeson T, 2009, The New Terrorism, McGraw-Hill Companies, New York United States Of America, pp. 387-406.

Brown S, 2008, Terrorism in the Twenty-first century, 4th edn, Palgrave Macmillan, New York, pp.43-66.

Crawford V, 2010, Terrorism in the Contemporary World, Routledge, London, pp.112-121.

Hafez M, 2006, Islam and Terrorism, 2nd edn, Prentice Hall, NSW Australia, pp.123-177.

Ramsbotham O, 2010, Inside Terrorism, 2nd edn Polity press, UK pp.255-313.

Rourke J T, 2008, International Politics On The World Stage, 12th edn, McGraw-Hill Companies, New York United States Of America pp.219-242.



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