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What is a Designer Baby and How are They Made? Essay

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DESIGNER BABIES
There have been many social views on the topic of designer babies, which include a scientist point-of-view. Designer babies are those of which parents can make the rash decision to genetically alter their child so that they do not develop the genetic disorders that many of us have today. By using IVF or InVitro Fertilization as the method of altering the genes, doctors have been able to “custom make” unborn babies to portray or eliminate certain characteristics.
What is a Designer Baby and How Are They Made?
By definition, a “Designer Baby” is a genetically modified, unborn child. Basically, they are children who have been “designed” with the desired sex or characteristics. Scientists continue to learn more about the human genome, and as they do reproductive technology continually advances to levels that we never imagined. Researchers linked to Bionet point out:
Advanced reproductive techniques involve using InVitro Fertilization (IVF), which is where eggs are fertilized by sperm in ‘test tubes’ outside the mother’s body in a laboratory. The type of sperm (X or Y) that fertilizes an egg can be chosen, which is used to determine the sex and genes of the baby. The embryos can be screened for genetic diseases, and only selected embryos are implanted back into the mother’s womb. This technique is called Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis or PGD. (Bionet par. 2)
Michael Lemonick, a writer for Time, shows in his article “Designer Babies” that these techniques allow doctors and parents to reduce the chance that a child will be born with a genetic disorder. It must be catching on because each year in the U.S. about 25,000 kids are born by IVF (Lemonick par. 16). And, not only is this like an extravagant shopping experienc...


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...d no longer be human – but property. This is inhuman, and we must make sure that it does not happen by carelessly letting this technology be abused.








References
Bailey, Ronald. “Hooray for Designer Babies!” Reason Online 6 Mar. 2002. 19 Nov. 2005
http://www.reason.com/rb/rb030602.shtml.
Bionet. 19 Nov. 2005 http://www.bionetonline.og/English/Content/db_cont1.htm
Alma College Lib., Alma, MI. 20 Nov. 2005
Lemonick, Michael. “Designer Babies”. Time 11 Jan 1999: 64-67.ReadersGuideAbs.
http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,989987,00.html
McKibben, Bill. “Design-a-kid”. Christian Century 17 May 2003: 22-28. Article First.
http://www.religion-online.org/showarticle.asp?title=2708
Brownlee, Shannon. “Designer Babies”. Washington Monthly Mar. 2002 http://www.washingtonmonthly.com/features/2001/0203.brownlee.html





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