Preview
Preview

Western Perspective on Western Biases in Hinduism Essay

:: 3 Works Cited
Length: 858 words (2.5 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Yellow      
Open Document
Need writing help? Check your paper »



- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

In many ways Rita Gross’ stance on Western bias on Hinduism, which creates an andocentric stance on three primary deities of Vishnu, Siva, and Devi, worshipped in Hindu tradition, is valid. As argued by Gross, within texts of Hinduism there appears an inclination towards an andocentric classification of the primary deities. This classification which is continually purported, truly does, resembles a group created with a patriarchy in mind. The list consistently is, as provided, Vishnu, Siva, and Devi. According to Gross’ theory, the male oriented Hindu representation of the primary three deities was not questioned by Western scholarship. As well as the fact, that Western traditions primary “favour of texts” would have hindered any further advancement of Hindu religion (Gross, p. 320). By excluding the rituals and symbols of the deities there would only be a partial understanding of Hinduism. In my opinion, I agree with Gross on the aspect of Western tradition biasing the actual representation of goddesses. But I believe it may be important to illustrate the fact that other factors could have enabled an increase of Western biases.
Among the unquantifiable number of civilizations which have come and dissipated into time, religion has been variably andocentric. Take the Greek and Roman religious tradition, both held above all the patriarchic tradition of rule under a man: Zeus and Jupiter. Further on in monotheistic traditions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, there are also aspects which can be determined to be andocentric. All three religions validated, over time, through dogma and tradition of a male god. Even though Judaism contains a matriarchic tradition of governance, there remains an ideology, which the old and new testa...


... middle of paper ...


...n are subordinate to the male deity, in example Mary the mother of Christ became one of her son’s chief followers. Mary is still held in high regard but not in the same esteem as her son, Christ. In this suggests an andocentric tendency by Westerns who place more importance on men than women. When faced by a polytheistic system of deities which includes goddesses as not subordinate to the gods but sometimes more powerful and fearful characters could also increase the bias held by Westerns.




Works Cited
Fuller, C. J. The Camphor Flame: Popular Hinduism and Society in India. Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP, 2004. Print.
Gross, Rita M. "Toward a New Model of the Hindu Pantheon: A Report on Twenty-some Years of Feminist Reflection." Academic Press 28 (1998): 319-27.
Klostermaier, Klaus K. Hinduism: Beginners Guides. Oxford: Oneworld Publications, 2007. Print.



Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »







This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
Essay about "Hinduism" From a Western Perspective and What it Encompasses - what extent is ‘Hinduism’ an Orientalist concept. It has been argued in recent academic works such as that by Heinrich von Stietencron that the modern notion of ‘Hinduism’ as a singular, unified ancient world religion is a myth. These academics claim that it is nineteenth-century Western construct by Orientalist scholars inspired by their Judaeo-Christian presuppositions of what a religion ‘should’ be. Yet, this view is rather limited in that it fails to recognise the part played by indigenous Indians in the development of modern ‘Hinduism’....   [tags: Religion, India] 2063 words
(5.9 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Hinduism in the United States Essay - The first understanding of India arrived in America through commercial and missionary activity. The finding of America itself was a mistake, as explorers were searching for a shorter route to India. At the time India was known for its great wealth, kingdoms and exotic mysteries (Charles Lippy & Peter Williams). Based on religious perspective India was thought to have an “ancient wisdom”, which rest upon a philosophy with the oldest religious scriptures. Prior to the twentieth century Americans knew little about Hinduism, therefore conceived it as inferior, pagan, and probably idolatrous (Charles Lippy & Peter Williams)....   [tags: Hinduism in America]
:: 4 Works Cited
2167 words
(6.2 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Essay about Ecological Perspective in Hinduism - Hinduism is an incredibly diverse religion that expresses, through many of its texts the complex relationship between the environment and humanity. The base teaching that the earth is the physical body of the goddess Devi, and the idea of reincarnation, gives the Hindu a different perspective of what "life" is, and what respecting earth beneath us is accomplishing. Most importantly, they perceive that our treatment of the world directly affects our karma, the positive and negative forces that affect our future....   [tags: Reincarnation, Diet, Respect]
:: 5 Works Cited
598 words
(1.7 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Spirituality and Hinduism Essay - When a typical person sees a rat, he or she tries to kill it or set traps for it. When a Hindu sees a rat they think of reincarnated descendants of a Hindu deity and they even build temples of worship especially for them. Some even eat the rat food because they believe it will give them good fortune. The spirituality of Hinduism evokes a devotion to animals because of the concept of karma and reincarnation. Common beliefs and practices are found in all religions from Christianity to religions like Hinduism....   [tags: Hinduism] 596 words
(1.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Hinduism, Tolerance, and Individuality Essay - Hinduism is often viewed as a particularly tolerant religion. The lack of a single omniscient God, absence of a prophet, and the open worship of what may look like many Gods may tell a tale of open worship, individuality within religion, and a peaceful, tolerant way of life. Without further examining what Hinduism entails, this may seem like the perfect religion. When the impression of superiority is looked at with a little skepticism, the pretty picture is marred by the deep scratches of discrimination, sexism, and elitism....   [tags: Hinduism]
:: 1 Works Cited
1686 words
(4.8 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay on Religion from a Hinduism Perspective - Religion from a Hinduism Perspective Religion in many areas and aspects is probably a topic as commonly discussed as weather is, on a global scale. Regardless of where a person may live, the culture they are in will discuss it and ultimately be influenced by it. Within these cultures are families with their own religious history, which very well might be the main contributor of religious continuity. "For it is evident that in some ninety-nine per cent of cases the religion which an individual professes and to which he or she adheres depends upon the accidents of birth." A person born in India, who has parents that are Hindu, along with a large majority of the population, is more than li...   [tags: Papers] 2446 words
(7 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
The Sacred Books In Hinduism And Buddhism Essay - Sacred Books, in my opinion, are the most important things that can preserve the knowledge of religion. When transmitted orally certain interpretations may occur, especially when translated into different languages. India was a mother of many religions, particularly Hinduism and Buddhism. Hinduism “has no one identifiable founder, no strong organizational structure to defend it and spread its influence, nor any creed to define and stabilize its beliefs; and in a way that seems to defy reason, Hinduism unites the worship of many gods with a belief in a single divine reality.” (Molloy: 74) The Hindu scriptures are divided into two parts, the shrutis (what is heard) and the smritis (what is re...   [tags: Hinduism Buddhism Religion ] 1581 words
(4.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Comparison of Buddhism and Hinduism Essay - Comparison of Buddhism and Hinduism “Thank goodness for eastern religion, I’m going to yoga class now and I redid my room to improve like my Zen, it really works…” for many in the western world, this is the most that is understood about eastern religions, particularly Buddhism and Hinduism. Although many would be interested to know that yoga is not just an exercise class; there are many more important details about Buddhism and Hinduism we are misinformed about, Especially, the differences of these two religions....   [tags: Buddhism Hinduism Compare Contrast Religion] 1007 words
(2.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Hinduism Essay - Hinduism Hinduism cannot be described as an organized religion. One individual did not found Hinduism. Hinduism is God centered and therefore one can call Hinduism as founded by God. Hinduism is based upon Eternal Principles. If a great scientist like Einstein discovered or realized laws of physics, Hinduism would call him a great Rishi (Maharshi or seer of truth.) Such seers of truth are not confined to any one age or country. Self realized persons like Jesus Christ would be called Rishis (seers) and their teachings would be readily acceptable to those who properly understand the principles of ‘Hinduism’....   [tags: Religion Religious Beliefs Spirituality Essays] 4002 words
(11.4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Hinduism Essay -      Hinduism is one of the world’s oldest religions in existence (Srinivasan 66). It ranks as the third largest religion. Today there are about fifty million Hindus worldwide, majority of them living in India (Wangu 6). In order to understand the followers of the religion, you must first realize that Hinduism is more of a way of life than a religion (Srinivasan 66). Hinduism holds together diversity and not only for its own spiritual tradition, but for the entire subcontinent of India (Berry 3)....   [tags: Hindu Religion]
:: 4 Works Cited
2016 words
(5.8 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]