Preview
Preview

Essay about Were Pre-Modern European Witchhunts Mysogynistic?

No Works Cited
Length: 1099 words (3.1 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Purple      
Open Document
Need writing help? Check your paper »



- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Were the witch-hunts in pre-modern Europe misogynistic? Anne Llewellyn Barstow seems to think so in her article, “On Studying Witchcraft as Women’s History: A Historiography of the European Witch Persecutions”. On the contrary, Robin Briggs disagrees that witch-hunts were not solely based on hatred for women as stated in his article, “Women as Victims? Witches, Judges and the Community”. The witch craze that once rapidly swept through Europe may have been because of misconstrued circumstances. The evaluation of European witch-hunts serves as an opportunity to delve deeper into the issue of misogyny.
The rise in witch hunts was a way to take control over women. Women typically played vital roles as caretaker, healers, and nurturers using combinations of experience gained from practices and new techniques to heal the ill. These skills which were once respected as sacred were now being sought out as works of malevolence. Priests and educated doctors viewed women as threats to their practices. Women were blamed and used as scapegoats for birth defects, male impotency and lack of control of their sexual desires.
Witchcraft was relentlessly thought as the work of the devil with only sinful and immoral intentions. Julio Caro Baroja explains in his book on Basque witchcraft that women who were out casted from society and unable to fulfill their womanly duties became witches as a way to compensate for her failed life. They were thought to be a threat to society as they dwindled in evil magic. This misunderstanding may have originated from the literary works of Heinrich Kramer and James Sprenger, in their published book, “Malleus Maleficarum”. Accusations of being adulterous, liars and dealing with the devil materialized because of the...


... middle of paper ...


...they don’t understand. Reactions of witch-hunts were based on misconceived panic and anxiety of anything outside of the common religious beliefs. Because of poor record keeping, the exact numbers of men and women persecuted on the account of being witches may never be accurate enough to decide if it was an issue of misogyny.










Citation

Anne Llewellyn Barstow, “On Studying Witchcraft as Women History,” pp. 279-288 in J. Mitchell, Helen Buss Mitchell (2010) Taking Sides. Clashing Views in World History. Volume I: The Ancient World to the Pre-Modern World. 3rd ed. Dubuque, IA: MeGraw-Hill

Robin Briggs. “Women as Victims? Witches, Judges and the Community,” pp. 288-296 J. Mitchell, Helen Buss Mitchell (2010) Taking Sides. Clashing Views in World History. Volume I: The Ancient World to the Pre-Modern World. 3rd ed. Dubuque, IA: MeGraw-Hill


Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »







This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
Pre- European Influence on Native Americans Essay example - From Native American “Two Spirited” peoples to fundamentalist Christians, the views of and acceptance of sexuality by Americans shows a nation that can’t make up its mind. The status quo when it comes to the ideas of gender identities and roles has shifted vastly many times. For many, the opinions of the masses affected daily life in every aspect from the clothes they wore, the family they lived in, to the life paths they followed. Pre- European Influenced Native Americans Many Native American tribes were matrilineal....   [tags: cultures, gender roles, tribes] 2957 words
(8.4 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Essay on Pre-Modern Confucianism in China - I. Introduction The role of the Chinese family in pre-modern China included thoughts centered on Confucian thought and methods. The Chinese family followed different methods of Confucian thought and the division of family responsibilities in China developed because of it. The original text of Confucius that dictated the roles of filial piety in China did not specify gender dichotomy but the implications led Chinese scholars to distinguish the position of men following filial values from women. Pre-Modern China had the dominative power of dozens of dynasties....   [tags: Chinese History ]
:: 5 Works Cited
2004 words
(5.7 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
European Origins of American Conservative and Liberal Ideologies Essay - This analysis begins by answering the first question that may come to mind when discussing modern American political ideologies and how they evolved from European origins; What American political ideologies have European origins. Liberalism was the first (modern) ideology to emerge from Europe (England) as a result of a short but ultimately successful challenge to royal authority which changed its focus of attention from the question of the duties owed to kings and eventually led to the development of the original concept of liberalism....   [tags: Modern American Ideologies, European Origins]
:: 4 Works Cited
1257 words
(3.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Turkey's Accession to the European Union Essay - Relations between Turkey and European integration institutions began with Turkey’s application for associate membership in the European Economic Community(EEC) in 1959. Turkey applied for full membership in the EEC in 1987 but did not gain candidate status until 1999. Since 1999, relations between Turkey and the European Union (EU) have gained momentum, and Turkey’s EU accession negotiations began in 2005. Since that time, discussions about the implications of Turkey’s prospective EU membership have become more serious and extensive in both Turkey and the EU.the potential advantages and drawbacks of Turkey’s EU membership for both Turkey and the EU....   [tags: European Union Essays] 1123 words
(3.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Modern vs. Pre-modern - Modern vs. Pre-modern There is one simple way to classify the difference between the modern and the pre-modern, and that would be to separate them by years. Unfortunately this would not be cut and dried; it would be a rough estimate because no one really knows when the change took place, or if there even was a change. What is known for sure is that things did change. The ““moderns” (became) set against “ancient” modes of thought and practice” (Shapin, p. 5), and this led to a so-called scientific revolution....   [tags: Papers] 1067 words
(3 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Pre-literacy and Modern Vestiges Essays - Pre-literacy and Modern Vestiges For many years, the conventions and existence of epic poetry from the pre-literate age were explained as repositories for information. A well-known story, usually involving a hero that embodied the virtues of the society who told the story, engages in battles, quests, etc. As the epic is spoken to an audience, the hero’s actions and the way they are described impart the audience with information and teachings. The information the listeners received is thought by some to be analogous to a modern day textbook lesson, in which students learn mathematics, grammar, and law, all by the written word....   [tags: Literature Epic Poetry Poems Essays] 1256 words
(3.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The European Union Essay - ... The Commission aims to ensure the application of EU law in all Member States. If it observes that legal obligations are not being met, it may initiate an infringement procedure (legal process) against the offending state. Failure to comply within a given deadline will result in referral of the matter of the Court of Justice – a body of the EU which has the power to impose various penalties, such as fines. The main role of the EU Parliament is to legislate, deciding on the scope and shape of new laws, usually in conjunction with the Council (Europa, 2007)....   [tags: modern warfare, environment, human activities] 2311 words
(6.6 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
The European Renaissance Essay - After the great advances of what is now ancient Greece and Rome, also known as the “classics”; Europe fell into a period of darkness. Within it, learning was suppressed and knowledge didn’t advance. However, by a turn into the 1400’s, there was a “rebirth” of learning: the Renaissance. The Renaissance was marked by an intense awaking in the visible world and in the knowledge derived from the experiences rather than religion and wise tales. It turned away from the abstract speculations and interest in life after death which is characterized in the Middle Ages....   [tags: European Renaissance Essays]
:: 3 Works Cited
2183 words
(6.2 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Modern European History Essay - Modern European History 1. What did Paul Valery mean in saying that the mind of Europe doubted itself profoundly. Before 1914, people in Europe believed in progress, peace, prosperity, reason, and rights of individuals. During that time, people began to believe in the Enlightenment, industrial developments were just starting and scientific advances began to take place. People then really believed in progression and further developments. Unfortunately, World War I broke out. Nevertheless, the optimistic people of Europe still did not doubt the outcome and were so convinced that it was not going to have any long term effects....   [tags: essays research papers] 885 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
European History Essay - The story of Europe is a story that is worth telling for the simple fact that without the background of Europe, people will not understand the complexities in the creation of the Europe of yesterday and creation of the Europe today. This rich history cannot be ignored because of the close ties to the creation of the nations and the supranational institutions that have become the European Union and its trade partners. Without the background on the history of Europe the creation of this larger organization or supranational organization would be nearly impossible to understand the complexities of the current political, social and economic qualities within the EU....   [tags: Europe, European Union, World War 2]
:: 3 Works Cited
892 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]