Gulliver's Travels by Jonathan Swift

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Gulliver's Travels by Jonathan Swift

Jonathan Swift wrote Gulliver's Travels in the 1720's, he wrote it in
a different style to modern authors because it was more normal in
those days to do so; for example, he used more pompous and archaic
words, longer sentences and longer paragraphs; Swift also used a lot
of Satire and imaginary words in his book these made it more
interesting and more believable. Nowadays his writing might sound
strange to some people. I have been looking closely at the satire and style in
chapter five of Gulliver's Travels and will comment on how he used
them and what his intended effect was.

In chapter five Swift uses archaic language such as, 'Viceroy,' when
he wrote this I think he was just writing what came naturally to him,
he didn't desire an effect to be created on the reader other than what
the word meant; nowadays the archaic words he uses could create the
effect of boredom or confusion, because the reader might not know what
the words mean.

Some of the words Swift uses are formal and pompous an example of one
of these words is, 'Leathern Jerkin,' This is a posh word for a
leather coat, it's effect on the reader is it shows them that Gulliver
is a well educated man who has a wide vocabulary. I believe that this
was swift's intention. This is the affect as it had on me as a reader.

In the whole book there are a lot of long paragraphs longer than you
would normally find in a book today. These can make the book hard for
some people to read and it can also make the reader forget what
beginning of the paragraph was before they finish it; however some
modern books have long paragraphs as well, (I read a book recently and
it had lots of long paragraphs which made the story very hard to keep
track of and understand). I don't think Swift intended to confuse his
readers but he might have confused some of them.

Swift also used very long sentences throughout this novel an example
of one from chapter five is, 'I had not yet seen it, and upon this
notice of an intended invasion, I avoided appearing on that side of
the coast, for fear of being discovered by some of the enemy's ships,
who had received no intelligence of me, all intercourse between the
two empires having been strictly forbidden during the war, upon pain
of death, and an embargo laid by our Emperor upon all vessels
whatsoever.' As you can see that is a very long sentence that probably

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isn't very common in more modern pieces of writing. I think that when
Swift wrote Gulliver's Travels sentences were longer or they used more
commas instead. I think that the effect of these long sentences on the
reader is that they might find them hard to understand and may even
have to read sentences through twice to fully get the meaning. I think
that Swift's intended effect on the reader was to get them to think
about what they were reading.

I think the reason why Swift's Sentences and Paragraphs are so long is
that he uses a lot of detail to describe objects and places. Large
amounts of detail can make the reader understand what is going on
better and help them create a better picture of the place in their
head; however readers could also find that the amount of detail that
is used just make the passage with it in hard to understand. Nowadays
I think most writers use lots of description but not as much as Swift
so as not to confuse their readers.

In a book that has things out of the ordinary like, giants, tiny
people and floating islands; the author needs to use imaginary words
because his subjects are imaginary. An imaginary word that Swift uses
is, 'Lilliput,' which is an imaginary place in his book. The effect of
these words on the reader is that they make an unbelievable story more
believable, they also help the reader to imagine what this made up
place could be like; I think that they make the story more
interesting.

Swift uses satire to make his book humorous in places an example of
this is when he writes, 'I voided in such quantity,' this is dark
humour describing how much Gulliver urinated. I think that his use of
satire makes the book amusing an fun to read. Some of the satire he
uses isn't meant to be funny though, it is there to take the micky out
of something or someone.

Swift's use of language throughout the book Gulliver's Travels is old
fashioned and different and I don't think an audience of today would
find it as interesting as Swift intended it to be; this isn't a bad
thing though because if he wrote the book for an audience of the
1720's and it is still being read now it shows that he wrote a good
book! Also I think that the audience of the 1720's would have
appreciated it more, because all the effects Swift tried to create
with different techniques would of been created on them, because they
are the people the effect was intended to be made on, they would of
understood the pompous words; whereas an audience today wouldn't get
the desired effect because it wasn't intended for them, and they would
probably find bits of the book confusing.


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