The Age the Enlightenment


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Why did the men of this era, 1600-1770, call the age the
Enlightenment?

During this age of the Enlightment
because the men at this ear felt they were "Enlightned"
group. They believed they were coming to grips with the
age old problem of humans. THey had the beliefs that
they had come closer to any other age to figure out how
the universe and man worked and how to live more
resonably and a good life. Why is it sometimes referred
to as the Age of Reason?

Between the 1600-1700's the
Age of Reason was the name this era was called because,
because most of the great thinkers nd educated men of
this time thought that the universe and world was
logical, rational, and reasonable, and this could
stablilize or a man's modern passions and actions. What
accounts for its sometimes being called the
Neo-Classical Age?

The Neo-Classical Ago was the
period in which most of the writers of this time
believed the classics of Greece and Rome were the models
for all good writing. They believed their duty was to
"make the old new again". If a writer attempted a
radically new form his writing was often critically
rejected. How was this period both anxious and
optimistic at the same time?

There were two
different accounts of anxiety and optimism. The optimism
account for man's belief that human behavior could be
moderated or changed if everyone followed the laws of
nature, which was viewed as rational and logical. The
anxiety comes when a result of seeing, time after time,
that man does not always act as a rational and logical
creature. At this that even nature itself is quite
unpredictible and somewhat bad at times. Explain in at
least one well-written paragraph, what Deism is and how
it was a product or consequence of the Enlightenment?
(15) At this time in the early part of our time, between
1600-1700's many of the great "thinkers" were Diest.
Diests were people that saw a mechanist universe seit in
a notion of like a master mechanic. They believe that
they then left the unviverse to run accordingly to it
"mathematical" laws. Thes ment no miracles, no virgin
bath, no resurrection as in Jesus, not any other great
deeds described in the bible. No church interpretation
or inerventions. This left no place for ceremonies or
religion. Several famous Diests include Benjamin
Franklin, and Thomas Jefferson. Briefly discuss the
importance of the Individual during the Enlightenment.

Briefly discuss the importance of Society during
the Enlightenment.

What exactly did the writers and
thinkers of the Enlightenment have in mind when they
referred to “nature?”

If the writer’s purpose,
according to the men of this age, was to “delight and

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instruct” the reader, how does Tartuffe, the play, fit
in its age? (10) What was the main charge against
Tartuffe, the play, when it was first produced in 1664?
(5) How did Moliere defend his play when it came up
against so much censure from the public and the
officials of the time? (5) How do the other characters
in the play help Moliere to make the reader aware of the
true nature of Tartuffe? (5) Explain Cleante’s warning
to Orgon in Act One of the play. (5) How does Cleante’s
warning reflect the beliefs of the Enlightenment? (5)
What is Cleante’s advice near the end of the play when
Orgon declares that he is completely swearing off
religion and men of religion in the future? (5) How do
Dorine and Elmire manage to outwit Tartuffe? (5) What
scene in the play did you find particularly funny and
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