The Human Genome Project

  • :: 1 Works Cited
  • Length: 880 words (2.5 double-spaced pages)
  • Rating: Excellent
Open Document

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Text Preview

More ↓

Continue reading...

Open Document

The Human Genome Project
The human genome project is a worldwide research effort with the goal of analyzing the structure of human DNA and determining the location of the estimated 100,000 human genes. The DNA of a set of model organisms is studied to provide the information necessary for understanding the functioning of the human genome. The information gathered by the human genome project is expected to be the source book for biomedical science in the 2lst Century and is of great value to the field of medicine. The scientific products of the human genome project will include a resource of genomic maps and DNA sequence information that will provide detailed information about the structure, organization, and characteristics of human DNA, information that constitutes the basic set of inherited “instructions” for the development and functioning of a human being. There are many benefits that can be gained from the human genome project; however, the project brings about much controversy in areas of employment, insurance, and social issues. Is genetic engineering a leap into the future or a leap toward destruction?           The issues surrounding this project need to be scrutinized not only by the scientists working on the project, but also by lawmakers and the public in general. One of the major facts that people need to understand is the appearance of a gene does not predict the way a trait will be expressed physically. Looking into the future, lots of situations can arise from the availability of genetic testing. Some people may want to know if they are carriers of certain genes in order to make informed decisions about such personal matters as lifestyle, marriage, and childbearing. On the other hand, some may prefer to live their lives without knowing. Having such specific knowledge about our health, there is going to be many people who want to use the testing for the benefit of their companies and even society. A new understanding of parts of the human genome may result in discrimination based on a person’s genetic predisposition. Also, insurance companies may require people to submit to a genetic test before they could be covered. If the person applying is found to be unfit, it could go on his or her insurance “medical report”, such as a “credit report”, which would blacklist that person from ever getting coverage. Never mind the fact that genetic screening opens up the possibility of identifying a class of people that may become regarded as socially undesirable.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"The Human Genome Project." 123HelpMe.com. 20 Apr 2018
    <http://www.123HelpMe.com/view.asp?id=90732>.
Title Length Color Rating  
The Human Genome Project (HGP) Essay - Has the Human Genome Project created viable mechanisms that enable or disable the sustainability of the human population. The definition of sustainability is “the ability to be upheld or defended” (Oxford South African Pocket Dictionary, 2006, p912.). The sustainability of the human population has been one of the most imperial factors in terms of our existence. From every realm of profession, thinkers all over the world have been looking for ideas that would give us a secure way to definitely increase our longevity....   [tags: sustainability of the human population]
:: 28 Works Cited
3296 words
(9.4 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Essay about Morality And The Human Genome Project - Morality and the Human Genome Project      Does the Human Genome Project affect the moral standards of society. Can the information produced by it become a beneficial asset or a moral evil. For example, in a genetic race or class distinction the use of the X chromosome markers can be used for the identification of a persons ethnicity or class (Murphy,34). A seemingly harmless collection of information from the advancement of the Human Genome Project. But, lets assume this information is used to explore ways to deny entry into countries, determine social class, or even who gets preferential treatment....   [tags: Science Human Genome Ethics Essays]
:: 2 Works Cited
1359 words
(3.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Human Genome Project - When it comes to scientific research and findings, many schools of thought and critique do exist, some based merely on the methodology used while others for the very reason of carrying out the research. One such highly debated project is the Human Genome Project, a scientific research geared towards understanding the complex nature of human genes. This paper aims at finding out the benefit of this project and ascertaining whether the scientific research and their findings done through the Human Genome Project can be justified....   [tags: Complex Nature, Human Genes, Scientific Research]
:: 4 Works Cited
860 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Human Genome Project Essay - The Human Genome Project Now more than ever it is not uncommon to hear of scientific barriers being crossed. This is seen through, "a scientific research effort . . . currently under way which is unlike anything ever before attempted. International in its scope, it is enormously expensive and, if successful, could lead to our ultimate control of human disease, aging, and death. It is nothing short of a revolution against the way science has traditionally progressed"1 . This statement of Thomas Lee refers to a massive scientific undertaking known as the human genome project, an endeavor that aims to discover each and every intricacy of human genetics....   [tags: Genome Science biology Essays]
:: 10 Works Cited
2348 words
(6.7 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Essay The Implications of the Human Genome Project on Human Health - The Implications of the Human Genome Project on Human Health The human genome project was scientific project to identify both the genes and the entire sequence of DNA base pairs that make up the human genome. An international scientific effort to map all of the genes on the 23 pairs of human chromosomes and, to sequence the 3.1 billion DNA base pairs that make up the chromosomes. But with the mapping of the human genome there will be some ethical and social aspects that will be raised with the identification of the base pairs of the human genome....   [tags: Free Essays] 363 words
(1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Importance Of The Human Genome Project Essay - The Importance Of The Human Genome Project This is the outstanding achievement not only of our lifetime, but of human history. I say this, because the Human Genome Project has the potential to impact the life of every person on this planet. It is a giant resource that will change mankind, much like the printing press did. The famous words of Dr. James Watson resonated as a victory bell, signaling the successful completion of what many deemed the boldest undertaking in the history of biology: The Human Genome Project (2003)....   [tags: Science Genetics Biology Papers]
:: 4 Works Cited
2751 words
(7.9 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
The Human Genome Project Essay - The Human Genome Project The Human Genome Project is a long-term project by international scientist to develop detailed genetic and physical maps of the human genome. Researchers are engaged in locating and identifying all of its genes and establishing the sequence of the genes and all other components of the genome. This monstrous task has the potential to dramatically increase our understanding of human evolution and variation, and perhaps most importantly…human disease. The success of the Human Genome Project also poses potential societal problems....   [tags: Genetics Science Biology Essays]
:: 7 Works Cited
1374 words
(3.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Human Genome Project Essay - The Human Genome Project The Human Genome Project is one of the most widely discussed topics in genetics today. The United States human genome project began in 1990, when the $3 billion dollar project to map 3 billion DNA base pairs was announced.(4) When the initial funding was provided, it was anticipated that the project would require 15 years to complete and the target date for completion was 2005.(8) Recent technological advances have shortened that time period, and it is now estimated that the program will be complete by 2003.(1) The program now has been expanded to an international effort involving research facilities in France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United Stat...   [tags: Genetics Science Papers]
:: 8 Works Cited
2614 words
(7.5 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Human Genome Project Essay - Human Genome Project Essay The Human Genome Initiative is a worldwide research effort that has the goal of analyzing the sequence of human DNA and determining the location of all human genes. Begun in 1990, the U.S. Human Genome project was originally planned to last 15 years but now is projected to be complete in 13 years. This project was started to find the 80,000 - 100,000 human genes and to determine the sequence of the 3 - billion chemical bases that make up human DNA. The information generated by the human genome project is expected to be the source book for biomedical fields, including those such as developmental biology and neurobiology, where scientists are just beginning to under...   [tags: Science Genetics Papers]
:: 7 Works Cited
3148 words
(9 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Human Genome Project Essay examples - Human Genome Project The Human Genome Project is an international project basically sponsored by the U.S Government. It started in October 1990 with an aim to sequence the entire human genome. The complete set of information present in the form of the genes in an organism forms its genome. Each human being has 23 pairs of chromosomes having DNA double helix in each. The Human Genome Project is a worldwide research effort with the goal of analyzing the structure of human DNA and determining the location of the estimated 100,000 human genes....   [tags: Papers] 508 words
(1.5 pages)
Good Essays [preview]



These people might come to be outcasts in their own society. Labeled by their biological inheritance screening tests and the results they yield have the potential to damage or destroy a child’s self-esteem, causing emotional harm, or altering the way the family views the child. Nonetheless, natural reproduction may become a thing of the past as people are allowed to pick out which egg and sperm they want to use to produce a child. Then, the only means of avoiding the birth of an impaired child is abortion.           Even though there is much controversy over the human genome project, the fact that it could be very beneficial to individuals cannot be overlooked. Information about a genetic predisposition to a particular disease can alert individuals of the need to seek medical surveillance so that if the disease develops they may seek appropriate therapy at the earliest time. The genes associated with hereditary diseases such as cystic fibrosis, muscular dystrophy, Huntington’s disease, neurofibromatosis, and retinoblastoma have recently been identified. This is the first step in developing better genetic screening tests, new drugs, and genetic therapies to fight these illnesses. The information gathered from this project may in time develop genetic therapy to such a level that fatal flaws in human genetic makeup can be controlled or even corrected.                          In conclusion, the possibilities of the human gnome project are endless. Once the power to control the instructions, given to a single cell, are mastered anything can be accomplished. For example, genetic engineering could allow insulin to be created and grown in large quantities by using an inexpensive gene manipulation method of growing a certain bacteria. Also, the blood-clotting agent missing in people suffering from hemophilia could be created by genetic engineering. In the future, genetic engineering has the probability of fighting bacterial, and viral disease, along with controlling aging, generating vaccines, and providing replacement parts for humans. The fact that this research will benefit humanity is resounding; we just need to remember to handle our findings in such a manner that benefits all of society, not just those on top of the economical food chain. Also, persons should be able to decide for themselves if they can handle knowing what their genetic flaws are. The individual’s right to privacy should remain supreme, and there should be laws set in motion to prohibit a person from being discriminated against because of genetic predisposition. If the proper steps are not taken now to safeguard the public we will end up encountering the same problems that we did with the Internet, having no laws for horrible crimes that were being committed.

Bibliography

Lee, Thomas F., The Human Genome Project: Cracking the Genetic Code of Life, Plenum Press: New York, 1991.
Human Genome Project Information, 2002 www.ornl.gov/TechResources/Human_Genome/home.html

Human Genome Project, Encyclopedia Britannica Online, 2000, www.EncyclopediaBritannica.com


Return to 123HelpMe.com