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The Grand Essay About Reconstruction

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Length: 1279 words (3.7 double-spaced pages)
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The Civil War was inevitable and regardless of the outcome on the fields of battle, the reconstruction of the nation was equally inevitable because as much as the North and the South had irrevocable differences, it was in the mutual interest of the North, the South and the West to maintain a relationship based on symbiosis. The Civil War and the reconstruction of the nation were bound to happen. There was a great diversity throughout the nation within the three sections. Differences in opinions and rules in slavery, economic and civilization differences are all examples of causes of the Civil War. However, the reconstruction of the nation was necessary, because the three sections needed each other to survive.
     The Civil war was inevitable. Because of the great diversity between the North and the South, the Civil War was bound to happen. Slavery was one of the many causes of the Civil War. It presented a moral issue, since it dealt with human beings and invaded individual freedom and democratic ideals. Slavery greatly distinguished the South from the North, and was the major issue dividing the two sections. The differences in economy also added to the cause of the Civil War. The South had become agricultural, and the North had become industrial. These economic differences led to sectional rivalry on issues such as slavery and the protective tariff. The interpretation of the federal Union differed between the two sections as well. The South insisted that the federal Union was created by the states; therefore, any state had the right to secede. The North thought otherwise; they believed that people created the Union and no state had the right to secede. The South favored, and the North opposed the extension of slavery into the West. Most of the West became tied economically to the North by a network of railroads and trade. Southerners realized that Western lands were not suitable for cotton culture, and realized that they were losing Western support, and the South would remain a minority section in the Union. The North and the South had differences in civilization. A small aristocracy of influential planter families dominated the Southern civilization, compared to the more dynamic and democratic Northern civilization. This difference in civilizations made understanding each other’s point of view difficult, which added to the causes of the war. Lastly, people in both the North and the South exaggerated differences. The Northerners gave unfair stereotypes of Southern slave owners, as the Southerners did with free-soilers and Republicans. All of these elements added to the cause of the Civil War, and no single cause brought about the Civil War.
     The reconstruction of the nation was equally inevitable because as much as the North and the South had irrevocable differences, it was in the mutual interest of the North, the South, and the West to maintain a relationship based on symbiosis. The simulation showed how one section depended upon the other two, as well as outside countries and states such as Great Britain, Japan, Hawaii and California for various things.
Trade was one of the most important elements in the simulation. Trade routes were necessary for the shipment of raw materials, finished products, goods, and many more items. The South had full control of the most important water route, the Mississippi River. It was necessary for the West and the North to deal with the South to gain use of this water way. The west sold Kansas and land from Texas to Arkansas (excluding Missouri) to the South for a mere $2 million, but gained free use of the Mississippi River from Iowa to Louisiana. The North provided free use of the Mississippi River and agreed to prohibit use of the Mississippi River to the West. The West built a railroad throughout the West to the port of San Diego, which will be open to all. The South provided slaves to build a railroad from Alabama to Pennsylvania. The North provided technical assistance and material to build the railroad. Both the North and the South had free use of the railroad. The West and the North agreed to constant trade for 20 years. The West sold cattle, rum and raw materials. The North sold steel and manufactured goods, including weapons. The South supplied the West with cotton, tobacco and agricultural products at market price. No more than 2/3 of the South’s cotton could be sold. The West provided cattle at market price for the South, but did not sell all of the cattle.
Besides the internal agreements between the three sections, each of the sections in the simulation made deals with countries and states outside of the three sections as well. The sections were not only dependent upon their neighbor, but other countries as well. The West made a trade agreement with Hawaii. The West brought Hawaiian coal from the port of San Diego to Hawaii in exchange for 50% of the coal that is transported. Hawaii agreed to sell coal, wood and water to the West. The North traded coal to Hawaii at the port of San Diego. Half of the coal was deposited in San Diego for the use of Hawaii in exchange for allowing the North to deposit 50% of the coal in Hawaii for its use. Hawaii provided water for the use of the North; the North will trade with Hawaii. The West also had to solve a problem within itself—the Indians. In order for the West to build a railroad they had to solve their Indian problem. The Native Americans were gained citizenship in the West. They were also provided with the Dakotas and New Mexico Territory where they will set up their own sovereign nations. Also, there was a mutual aid pact established between Native American Nations and the West. The West agreed to build a railroad through the West to the port of San Diego. The cost of this was split with California, and the railroad was open to everyone. The West and the North made trade and diplomatic relations between Japan and the West opened trade with Great Britain as well. The South made a deal with Great Britain, so that Great Britain was allowed to mine Alaskan gold for 50% of the profits. The gold was deposited in San Diego. The South sold Great Britain 1/3 of the cotton produced in the South at market price in exchange for plantation owners with low interest and guaranteed loans. The North agreed to sell 30% of the wheat they produce to Great Britain at market price. Great Britain agreed to sell the North 30% of the cotton produced in Great Britain at market price. The North and California agreed to build a canal in Panama, splitting the cost. Free use of the canal is guaranteed to both countries and the North may use the port of San Diego for free.
     In conclusion, there was no single cause that brought about the Civil War. The war resulted from the relationship and differences between the North and the South. Differences in opinions on slavery, differences in economy, interpretations of the federal Union, differences in civilization, and exaggeration of differences were all important elements that added to the cause of the Civil War. When the war was over, the three sections needed to be reconstructed. The three sections, North, South, and West, had to maintain a relationship based on symbiosis because they needed each other to survive. The simulation showed many examples of agreements between the three sections with themselves and other states and countries. It was in the interest of each section to make treaties for purposes of trade, transportation, money, and economy to better themselves.

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