Music of India


Length: 1172 words (3.3 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Excellent
Open Document
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Text Preview

More ↓

Continue reading...

Open Document

The Music of India
Indian music is a very varied type of music which ranges from classical to film, more commonly known as pop. Both types are extremely popular throughout the Indian society in all classes. Music is apparent in Indian culture as a way of expression.
The history of Indian music extends back many centuries. Traditionally in that period, there were various kingdoms, in which the power was held equally by the king and the temples. This was the division of music. The temples presented religious music to all that wanted it while the kings patronized the separate artists. Music also formed a major part of the theatre. It was very famous as nearly all of India's people had access to it. There were full scale musicals in the ancient Indian theatres. This tradition has been carried into till the recent days, where Bollywood (the Indian Hollywood) films are very music-friendly. Music is an integral part of the movies that are being made. But many movies are now being targeted at the Western society, movies with less music. This is killing India's musical background.
Indian music is a mix of many different types of music. Five hundred years ago, India was ruled Muslims, when it had been influenced by local territories such as the recent Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal. Classical music is a very prominent feature in most Indian people's lives. It is heard for pleasure. The term "Indian Classical Music" refers to two different, but related, age old, traditions. Both of them are very popular and come from two very different areas in India.
The North Indian style is called "Hindustani", which translates to India, and South Indian tradition, also known as "Carnatic". Indian music is different from Western music in two major ways:
1.     All of Indian classical music is melody, and
2.     Indian music is never written down, and cannot be played off a written      score.
     If it was played off the score, it would lose its authenticity. Over centuries, the artists learn to play or sing by listening to the song. As the artist learns the song and plays it, he adds his own authenticity to the song. In this way, the work of numerous generations has been put together to make a singular song that has been made seamless over the years. This is how Indian music has survived over the years.
     Hindustani classical music is based upon the 12 note scale.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Music of India." 123HelpMe.com. 27 Jun 2017
    <http://www.123HelpMe.com/view.asp?id=78237>.
Title Length Color Rating  
Music of India Essay - Music of India The music of India is a mosaic of different genres and levels of sophistication. At one extreme, classical music is performed in the urban concert halls for purely artistic reasons, and at the other, many kinds of functional rural music accompany life-cycle and agricultural rites. In between are many other musical genres of different regions of the country, reflecting the diversity of its peoples. The origins of classical music can be traced to the Natya Shastra, a Sanskrit treatise on drama, which encompasses music as well....   [tags: Papers] 886 words
(2.5 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Indian Music Essays - Indian Music The music of India is one of the oldest unspoken musical traditions in the world. The basis of for Indian music is “sangeet.” Sangeet is a combination of three art forms: vocal music, instrumental music (Indian music). Indian music is base upon seven modes (scales). It is probably no coincidence that Greek music is also base upon seven modes. Furthermore, the Indian scales follow the same process of modulation (murchana) that was found in ancient Greek music. Since Greece is also Indo-European, this is another piece of evidence for the Indo-European connection (Dance and music of India)....   [tags: Music History Musical Arts Essays India] 1106 words
(3.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Presence of Britain in India and Cultural Disintegration Essay - The presence of Britain in India has a great significant importance today because the world is globalizing people are becoming interconnected and are becoming dependent on each other. Historical legacies included the cultural traditions and celebrations which the people are involved in. Cultural impacts of the dominant power is still seen on the country being influenced because there would be the same pop culture in the developing countries, same clothing styles and clothes, type of music, language and laws and all these things are not easy to resolve and take back from the country....   [tags: Britain, India, colonization, ] 870 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay about Music in Culture and Society - Every musical system around the world is a complex cultural phenomenon. The culture underlie a series of concepts which impart the musical system into the other basic cultural activities of the society. It is then defined and conceptualized by the society at large and then ingrained in the cultural phenomena. Thus, in order to fully understand a specific music of a particular culture, we must examine it in its cultural context along its musicological context. There could not exist any real understanding of a specific music culture without firstly examining its concept and meaning of music....   [tags: Music Arts]
:: 3 Works Cited
2060 words
(5.9 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Illegal Downloading and Recorded Music Essay - ... Many people do illegal downloading for music, videos, programs, and images because of the fact they don’t want to pay the twelve dollars CD, eighteen dollar DVD or four hundred dollar plus programs. Downloading can be inspected in three areas: the quantity downloaded and the amount of money dealt with, and the damage caused to the entertainment industry. The amount of illegal downloading is slowly decreasing due to lawsuits that the industries have filed against thousands of people involving copyright infringement....   [tags: Lawsuit, Music, Distribution] 558 words
(1.6 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Essay about The Evolution of Music through History - Prehistoric Music categorizes all music that was created in the preliterate age (a period before any cultures had created a system to read and write.) Because it’s occurrence was prior to recorded history, the origin of music is still unknown; however, some believe that it’s creation was stemmed through the occurrence of natural sounds and rhythms. Humans may have learned to incorporate these natural sounds into their music by using patterns, repetition, or tonality. Even today, many cultures create music that is purposely intended to imitate certain sounds in nature....   [tags: romantic era, ancient music, acapella]
:: 15 Works Cited
1837 words
(5.2 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
LSD and the '60s Music Scene Essay - In the sixties, the psychedelic music scene was at its prime and the world was full of hippie musicians that loved to drop acid and create some of the most interesting and innovative music known to man. During this time, drugs were a very popular part of the hippie culture and the prevalence of LSD helped to create the distinct genre of psychedelic music known as psychedelic or acid rock. Many bands and artists such as Grateful Dead, Jefferson Airplane, The Beatles, and The Byrds were heavily influenced by LSD, which led to the creation of some very popular music....   [tags: drugs, hippie culture, psychedelic music]
:: 14 Works Cited
2451 words
(7 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Comparison of African, Indonesian, and Indian Music Essay example - ... I found this extremely different from music in Africa, for example, where music plays a huge role in religion. Praise dances are very common in West African cultures where music and religion go hand in hand. Music is most often present in worship and passage rites, as well. African music within itself is very unique and various characteristics set it apart from music from other cultures. African songs have a basic form called “call-and-response”. African music also typically consists of melodies organized with a scale of several notes of four, five, six, or seven....   [tags: music, class, culture, styles] 669 words
(1.9 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay about Retail In India - Retail reality I. Introduction: The most promising and booming industry of future is retailing. AT Kearney, a well-known international management consultancy, recently identified India as the ‘the most attractive retail destination’ globally from among thirty emergent markets (2007). According to a Knight Frank survey, India ranks fifth amongst the 30 emerging retail markets in the developing countries. Industry evolution • Traditionally, retailing in India can be traced to the emergence of the Corner stores (Kirana) catering to the convenience of the consumers • Era of government support for rural retail: Indigenous franchise model of store chains run by Khadi & Village Industries Commissi...   [tags: Business Retail India] 1122 words
(3.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
India Essay - "If on Earth be an Eden of bliss, it is this, it is this, none but this". That says a very well known Persian verse, written on one of the walls of the Public Auditorium of Lal Quila (Red Fort), in Old Delhi. They say India changes your state of mind and soul. India has this impact through its inhabitants, music, traditional dances and its marvelous monuments. Nobody can resist a warming welcoming and `spicy' country which smoothly seduces you. Our plane resound of applauses the very minute we landed in New Delhi; the Indians started preparing for getting off the plane, fixing up their turbans and combing their moustaches....   [tags: World Cultures] 1314 words
(3.8 pages)
Good Essays [preview]

Related Searches




But a main difference is that the interval between the notes is not equal. They are slightly varied to produce a feeling or atmosphere in accordance with the way that they are singing. Nearly every classical Indian instrument has space for personal variations. Music is not written down, and is passed on through word of mouth. This allows for further adaptations of the piece by the performer.
     The notes themselves have different names. The Western convention of Do Re Mi Fa So La Ti, while in Indian classical music, they are called Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni. These represent the seven white keys on the keyboard. Then there are also five more notes. These are Komal Re, Komal Ga, Tivra Ma, Komal Dha and Komal Ni. These notes would correspond to the black keys on a keyboard.
     This correspondence would be correct if the Indian scale was based upon the standard Cmaj scale as Western music is, but Indian music is common to be placed in the G#maj. This makes translation between Indian and Western much difficult.
     The combinations of these notes are call ragas. A Raga is a subset of notes ranging in number from five to eight with a set of rules that are made to create a certain mood. How the performer uses this is what separates some artists from other, better artists. Each Raga has a name. A Raga also has a time of day at which it will be best performed. These ragas also work just as well with instrumentals.
     Vocal Hindustani music is referred to as "khayal", and literally means imagination". It is the most common classical music in Northern India. It is much less popular in Western cultures than instrumentals. It is a style which contains many surprises and personal touches. Khayal is based upon nonsensical phrases, relying upon the universal feel of the instrument and voice. This makes the knowledge of the language much less important.
     Classical music is much more spiritual than band music. To appreciate Indian music, you have to spend time with. It is an acquired taste. Many people do not appreciate Indian classical music for the feeling it conveys. This is why it is not too popular among the Western society. The performance is a very interactive activity. The performance is a dialogue between the artist and the listener. The intensity of the artist's performance depends on the response he is getting. He will not perform well if the people listening do not respond.
Instrumentals are very much like khayals, focusing one setting a mood and delivering a seeming sense of perfection. They use the same raga notes and rules as khayals.
     There is one main difference between Hindustani and Carnatic classical music. Carnatic music is much shorter in length than Hindustani music. This does not give the artist enough time to create a mood, so he concentrates on diversity of ragas. Hindustani musicians focus one just one raga, and perform for about two hours at least.

Indian Instruments.
Indian Instruments are extremely diverse in their sound and size. One of the most famous Indian instruments is the Sitar. It is a very popular instrument among women. The Sitar is shaped like a guitar with a long neck, four strings and a short, large body. It has an amazing &#8220;buzzing'; resonance that helps create the air required. The Sitar is used as a backup instrument in Khayals.
     Another Indian instrument is the harmonium. It is a small hand-powered organ that provides a back-up for the singer. Its keys are in the same format as a standard keyboard and so it has been adopted by Western cultures. The instrument on this tape is a harmonium. (PLAY TAPE)
     The main and most popular percussion instrument in India is the tabla. It consists of two small drums with bull skin stretched across the top. It is apparent in nearly every classical piece of Indian Music. There are also some improvised instruments. (PLAY TAPE) This recording is of an artist playing on ceramic bowls filled with water up to a certain depth to create a specific sound.

     Pop music, or film music, is a very prominent feature in India. The film songs are very much based around love and are romantic. This is the theme of every recent pop song and film. They are a mix of American jazz and Indian classical creating an interesting product with a capturing theme. (PLAY CD)

     There are many more types of music in India. Each state has their style of music, thus making India a very musically diverse area.


Return to 123HelpMe.com