Kidney Stones


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Kidney Stones

The medical term for kidney stones is Nephrolithiasis or Renal

Calculi. A kidney stone is a solid lump that can be as small as a grain of sand

and as large as a golf ball made up of crystals that separate from urine and build

up on the inner surfaces of the kidney. A kidney stone that does not pass on out

can block the urinary tract. This blockage will probably cause a lot of pain. If

medical attention is not received to identify the cause of the pain and remove

the blockage, the pain is likely to go away over a few days. This usually will

cause the sufferer to think that the problem is over with but it actually has not.

The problem that had actually happened was that the kidney that had been

blocked has now shut down. This kidney, if left untreated for just a few days,

can lead to a permanent loss of the kidney.

     There are many potential causes of a kidney stone. They are formed

from any of the following, or even two of the following:
·     a family genetic predisposition to form stone
·     to local water or soil conditions
·     intake of excess uric acid, certain medications, Vitamin C, or Vitamin D
·     a diet of fruits and vegetables high in oxalate
·     long term dehydration and its resulting concentration of urine
·     urinary infection
·     living in an area where high temperatures cause sweating and loss of fluids
·     possibly, just leading a low physical activity lifestyle
Doctors and other physicians say that the best two ways to prevent
this disease from happening is to keep yourself well hydrated at all
times. This is best done by drinking 2 or 3 cups of water a day and to
only eat/drink a certain amount of the following foods:
·     apples·     asparagus·     beer·     beets·     berries, various·     black pepper·     broccoli     ·     cheese·     chocolate·     cocoa·     coffee·     cola drinks·     collards·     figs      ·     grapes·     ice cream·     milk·     oranges·     parsley·     peanut butter·     pineapples     ·     spinach·     Swiss chard·     rhubarb·     tea·     turnips·     vitamin C·     yogurt
     
If the kidney stone is larger than 1/4 inch in diameter it will most likely
pass through the kidney without any medical treatments except for the pain
killers to help the patient make it through the kidney stone episode which may
last for several days. Those between 1/4 inch and 1/2 inch in diameter are less
likely to pass on their own as they get larger. If the kidney stone is larger than
1/2 inch in diameter it will likely need to be either removed by surgery or by
lithrotripsy. Lithrotripsy is the process of killing the stone by using

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extracorporeal shock wave lithrotripsy. The larger stones usually remain in the
kidney without any symptoms or complications although after they leave the
kidney they will have left some permanent damage. Kidney stone removal
surgery is more serious than lithrotripsy. It is only used in less than 5% of the
kidney stone cases. During surgery the doctor actually opens up the kidney and
physically takes out the stones. The surgery scar can be 5 to 10 inches long and
recovering from the surgery takes four to six weeks. The worst thing about
kidney stone surgery is that it causes the kidney to lose 20% of its functionality
every time it is cut by a knife.
     They are just now making a lot of discoveries about kidney stones. They
have concluded that once you have a kidney stone attack the chances of recurrence
are 70-80%. They know now that family genes vastly influence chances of having
a kidney stone. The newest method of removing stones is lithrotipsy, which was
mentioned earlier, means “stone crushing.” This process takes a range from one
to three hours long.
          This concludes my report on Kidney Stones.


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