indus valley

  • :: 3 Works Cited
  • Length: 724 words (2.1 double-spaced pages)
  • Rating: Excellent
Open Document

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Text Preview

More ↓

Continue reading...

Open Document

Beneath the Himalayas, Northwestern sector of the Asian subcontinent was beginning stage of an evolved city life. It was the earliest known civilization in South Asia. It is called the Indus Valley Civilization. It was the first civilization to flourish in India. This lasted from 2500 BC until 1500 BC. It is sometimes referred to as the Harappan civilization, named for the site of Harappa, one of its major centers. Sir John Marshall and his colleagues discovered this civilization. The Indus peoples used wheeled carts, designed creative jewelry and toys, and had written languages.
The Indus valley civilization had reached it’s heights around 2500 BC “Among the indigenous people of ancient India, the Indus valley civilization stands out particularly advanced an impressive (Ludwig pg.65.)”. Researchers say that the Indus Valley civilization is far more advanced that prehistoric Egypt, Mesopotamia or anywhere else in the Western Asia.
The Indus Valley stretches for thousands of miles. It had many cities, which included the two largest cities Harappa and Mohenjo-daro. These two cities had the population of more than 40,000 each while Sumerian cities only had 10,000 each. In the entire Indus valley civilization had about seven hundred towns and villages.
The Indus valley people lived off of agriculture, and trade. They grew barley, wheat, rice and etc. There was remarkable achievement on cotton. It was the earliest traces of cotton. Trade and agriculture was their source of wealth and survival. The Indus people used bronze and copper greatly. They use it to make spears, knives, short swords, axes and fish-hooks. Gold and silver was used to create ornaments, amulets, and charms. These were used to protect them from evil sprit or people that were going to be of harm to them.
There was also trade with domestic and international trafficking by water. “Archaeology and Ecology show that imports included gold from Southern India or Afghanistan, copper from Rajasthan or Afghanistan or even farther afield, turquoise from Iran and etc. (Wheeler pg. 64)”.
The Indus civilization had a polytheistic religion. The Indus people worshipped natural forces such as trees, animals, water, and mother goddess. These are also important in the Hindu religion. They believed that water had a purifying power. Many clay figurines of animals, women, and men were found. Sometime after 2000 B.C. the Aryans migrated into India from the northwest, it became dominant, but some of the Indus people and their religion ideas were absorbed into the Hinduism religion.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"indus valley." 22 Apr 2018
Title Length Color Rating  
indus valley Essay - Beneath the Himalayas, Northwestern sector of the Asian subcontinent was beginning stage of an evolved city life. It was the earliest known civilization in South Asia. It is called the Indus Valley Civilization. It was the first civilization to flourish in India. This lasted from 2500 BC until 1500 BC. It is sometimes referred to as the Harappan civilization, named for the site of Harappa, one of its major centers. Sir John Marshall and his colleagues discovered this civilization. The Indus peoples used wheeled carts, designed creative jewelry and toys, and had written languages....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 3 Works Cited
724 words
(2.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Indus Valley Civilization in India: Notes Essay - Indus Valley civilizations covering approx 1/2 million miles of Northern Indian subcontinent is the largest ancient civilization in history till now. Since both stone and copper are used it is a chalcolithicivil.The Indus Valley people are highly artistic and skilled.Their chief features include a highly organized urban setup and a strong economy. The IVC economy is flourishing with extensive cultivation of wheat, barley. The Indus river is used for transport, weights are all very accurate and highly standardized and traders have own personalised seals....   [tags: essays research papers] 461 words
(1.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Exploring Life at Mehrgarh and Its Importance as One of the Major Cities of the Indus Valley Civilizations - This paper explores life at Mehrgarh and its importance as one of the major cities of the Indus valley civilization. Mehrgarh represents long chronological sequence from the 7th millennium to the 3rd millennium B.C. which has been divided into seven main periods from the Pre-Ceramic Neolithic to the Bronze Age. The third period belongs to the farming society (agriculture and animal husbandry). For decades archaeologists believed that plants and animals were first domesticated in the near east (Israel, Lebanon, Syria, south west Turkey, Iraq, western Iran) early in Holocene (8000 to 10000 years ago)....   [tags: Neolitic sites in Pakistan] 589 words
(1.7 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
The Valley Essays - The Valley - Awake. In 1946, John Collier, Jr. and Aníbal Buitrón wrote The Awakening Valley, telling the story of a social miracle happening in Ecuador - in the valley at the foot of Tiata Imbabura. (1, cover) In 1993, forty-three years later, I set foot in that same area and discovered a valley, not awakening, but awake. My son, Matt, and I were traveling by bus, north out of Quito, on our way to Colombia. (4) We had been advised to be in Otavalo on a weekend to experience the famous market....   [tags: Andes Ecuador The Awakening Valley Papers]
:: 8 Works Cited
2620 words
(7.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Silicon Valley Job Hopping Contributes to Innovation Essay - Silicon Valley has already attracted the attention of the world as a high-tech economic center since 1960, which lured other areas in the world to try to duplicate the distinctive industrial pattern of Silicon Valley. The first meaningful replication of Silicon Valley occurred in the mid of 1960. A batch of high-tech firms based on financial groups attempted to create a second Silicon Valley in New Jersey. Thus, they employed Stanford's dean of engineering and provost, Frederick Terman, who just retired....   [tags: Silicon Valley's Work Culture]
:: 9 Works Cited
1912 words
(5.5 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Basic Life Skills Classes in the Valley Center District Essay - You never want to be the person that has a family and kids and are on an famliy road trip then bam!!!, you get a flat tire and your stuck on the road and you try to pretent to know what your doing because you weren't' thought how to do it in school but face it, your stuck. If only you had learned how to in school. Every student has wondered why we need to know mostly everything we’re forced to learn in school.Students and graduates are faced with this problem every year. Some students think they have the necessary skills to make it in life, but when push comes to shove they don't know how to do the simplest of tasks....   [tags: life skills, valley center, flat tire] 1004 words
(2.9 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Valley of the Kings Essay - ... Whenever that happened, the Valley of the Kings would flood. The underground burial chambers would have standing water that caused damage to the artifacts. It took a lot of time to clear out the water. Ramesses I, and II were buried in the valley of the kings. Only kings were allowed to be buried in the Valley of the Kings. There was another valley that was meant for the wives and children of the family to be buried. The name of this valley is called The Place of Beauties. That also meant that the queen of a king that was buried in the Valley of the Kings would still be buried in the Place of Beauties....   [tags: ancient Egypt] 678 words
(1.9 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Valley of the Doldrums Essay - “Gatsby turned out all right at the end,” narrator Nick Carraway reflects in the opening pages of F. Scott Fitzgerald’s timeless novel The Great Gatsby. “It is what preyed on Gatsby, what foul dust floated in the wake of his dreams that temporarily closed out my interest in the abortive sorrows and short-winded elations of men.” The destructive dust that plagues Gatsby permeates the life of every character that passes through the valley of ashes, a desolate wasteland nestled between the newly affluent West Egg and the bustling metropolis of New York City....   [tags: Classic American Literature]
:: 1 Works Cited
1106 words
(3.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Climate Change in India Essay - Information regarding India ’s climate dates back for thousands of years. The reason for this is that India was once ruled by the empire of Alexander the Great in 300 B.C. Alexander’s empire was one of the first western civilizations to keep environmental and meteorological records in writing. Thus, from just about the western world’s beginning, India ’s environmental records have existed in writing. However, although no written documents regarding India’s weather and climate exist prior to Alexander’s era, we can assume certain climatic conditions and changes prior to 300 B.C....   [tags: Global Warming Essays]
:: 1 Works Cited
1337 words
(3.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Valley Fever Essay - Valley fever has always been a problem for humans all around the world. Valley fever is one of the many pathogens found in the world. It is an infection that can potentially cause many different problems. These problems have a very extensive range of severity though. It is very hard to avoid exposure to this pathogen if you live in an area where it is common. There are many different treatments and it is rarely fatal though. There are also ways to prevent valley fever. Valley fever is a pathogen that causes many different symptoms and is found all over the world....   [tags: pathogens, coccidioidomycosis]
:: 9 Works Cited
857 words
(2.4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]

Related Searches

“Many terra-cotta figurines representing females have been discovered clearly associated with powers of fertility and the growth of plants (Ludwig pg. 65)”. They also had a religious emphasis with male creative power. They used powerful male animal figurines such as tiger, elephants, and bulls. Religious worshipping was done in homes or in public shrines. There would be offerings involving fertility figures, bathing and ritual purity.
The Indus Civilization was very advanced with their architect. “For example, the cities were all carefully laid out on the same plan, with major street crossings each other at right angles. They had large two story homes equipped with plumbing. The buildings of the Indus were made of mud-brick and were separated by streets and cities. They have buildings such as colleges, temples, palaces, and etc.
The Indus valley civilization began to decline around 1900 B.C. “Circumstances which affected it in the sub-montane lands of the central Indus may well have differed widely form those which it encountered south or east of the Indian Desert and in the watery coast lands of the Rann of Kutch (Wheeler pg72)”. Violent geomorphologic changes have been blamed for the end of the Indus civilization. They could have been declined because floods washed away villages, soil lost fertility, famine and drought caused people to flee, or ecological changes.

1. Beyer, Barry K. Eastern Hemisphere. New York:
Macmillian/ Mcgraw-Hill School Publishing, 1991.

2. Editors Of Time-Life Books. Ancient India: Land of
Mystery. Alexandria, Virginia: Time-Life Books, 1994.

3. "Granary/ Palace? at Harappa," Harappa., 1996.

4. Hawkes, Jacquetta. The First Great Civilizations. New
York: Alfred Knopf, Inc., 1973.

5. "History,"

6. "The Indus River Valley Civilization,"

7. "The Indus Civilization," Global Infocom., 1996.

8. Ludwig, Theodore M. Ludwig. The Sacred Paths. New
Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2000.

9. Wheeler, Mortimer Sir. Civilizations of The Indus
Valley and Beyond. New York McGraw-Hill Co. 1966.

Return to