history of communication

Length: 673 words (1.9 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Excellent
Open Document
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Text Preview

More ↓

Continue reading...

Open Document


Better than shouting

Communication begins with language, the distinctive ability which has made possible the evolution of human society. With language any message, no matter how complex, can be conveyed between people over a limited distance - within a room or place of assembly, or across a short open space. In modern times 'town criers' hold an annual contest to discover which of them can shout a comprehensible message over the greatest distance. The world record is less than 100 metres. Already, at that short range, a more practical alternative is to run with the message.

The history of communication is mankind's search for ways to improve upon shouting.


When running with a message, to convey it in spoken form, it is safer to do it oneself. Sending anyone else is unreliable, as the game of Chinese whispers demonstrates. So another requirement for efficient communication is a system of writing.

Messages carved on stone pillars communicate very well across time, down through the centuries, but they are an inefficient method of communicating across space. The message reads only within reading range; its recipients must travel to receive it. The system is altogether more efficient if it is the message which travels. This requires yet another ingredient in the communication package - a portable writing material such as papyrus.


There are forms of long-distance communication not based on words. The smoke signals used by American Indians (above all perhaps in westerns) are of this kind. So are bonfires lit in succession on a line of hilltops. But such devices are only capable of conveying very limited pre-arranged signals, such as 'danger' or 'victory'.

Some non-verbal systems are more sophisticated. The whistled language of Gomera, in the Canary islands, is used to communicate across deep valleys. It is well adapated to the islanders' immediate needs, but would be incapable of sending this paragraph as an accurate message. For communication of this kind writing remains indispensable.


Post haste: 6th century BC

The sending of written messages is a standard feature of government in early civilizations. Much of our knowledge of those times derives from archives of such messages, discovered by archaeologists.

There is great advantage to a ruler who can send or receive a message quicker than his rivals. In the estimation of the ancient world the most efficient postal service is that of the Persians.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"history of communication." 123HelpMe.com. 19 Oct 2017
Title Length Color Rating  
Taking a Look at Communication History Essay - ... Then as time progressed, there was a need to speed up the messenger. The only way of speeding up the communication was to improve the speed of the messenger. A major improvement in the speed of communication was substituting a messenger with a horse and a rider. Next was the use of domestic pigeons. Pigeons were used because of the tendency of certain pigeons to return home wherever they may be. It was a one-way postal service. After all these systems, there still was a need for rapid and widespread dissemination of a message, which was fulfilled by the invention of printing....   [tags: language, long distance communication] 1067 words
(3 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
The History of Communication Leading Up to the 4G Essay - ... GSM technology has both FDMA and TDMA techniques. An estimated GSM system users all over the world is 248 millions now and it is currently using in 140 countries. In addition to this , PDC(Personal Digital Communication) technology based on TDMA is introduced. After this CDMA technology was introduced , it divide speech into small segments and encoded to identify the calls by using spread spectrum. While GSM and TDMA systems are most important in 2G wireless technology, the CDMA technology proved that it gives better voice quality, low noise, few call drops , good security, and high network capacity....   [tags: system, data, voice, battery, sercurity] 721 words
(2.1 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
History Of Communication Essay - Since the beginning of time, people have had the need to communicate with one and other. The most common type of communication is speech, but you could not talk to someone who lived 20 miles away. Then written language was developed, people marked symbols on paper, stone, or whatever was available. Then hundreds of years passed, and people who wanted to share their ideas with people had to do allot of writing, until someone thought to make a writing machine. This machine is called the printing press....   [tags: essays research papers] 1273 words
(3.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Dominance and Communication Throughout History Essay - ... The whole issue of women being inferior has been diminishing. Women are able to get as good jobs as men do. They can work in similar work places and do the same jobs. Despite all these changes, dominance and communication remain a cause of problems between men and women. Machismo or macho man is something that has been an issue between men and women involved in relationships. A number of men still live under the erroneous idea that they are superior and that they must dominate their partner....   [tags: male-female relationships ] 826 words
(2.4 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Brief Corporate History and Corporate Communication Practices Essay - ... This shows that eBay gave full transparency into their corporation. Post mortem amongst employees after an issue has been solved to figure out what went wrong in terms of execution, vendor or product issue or external issue. This is also to ensure that the problem will not recur to avoid crisis in the corporation. Corporate Social Responsibilities eBay Inc is fairly involved in terms of corporate social responsibilities. World of Good.com is the world's largest multi-seller marketplace for socially and environmentally responsible shopping....   [tags: eBay Incorporated] 1645 words
(4.7 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Where Is Disney Most Vulnerable from a Communication Viewpoint? Essay - Where is Disney most vulnerable from a communication standpoint. In communication, Disney is most vulnerable in public and government relationships. Eisner developed in proposal of a new theme land near the national capital; however the ideal property was on historical and important property within the Commonwealth of Virginia. Destroying history in order to make potential profit did not stick with citizen and land effect of the idea. In the case study, CEO Eisner have idea of American history theme park within area of battlefield in Prince William County, Virginia....   [tags: history, public, governement, communication]
:: 2 Works Cited
547 words
(1.6 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
A Brief History of The Printing Press and Communication Essay - ... Over the years, the digital newspaper industry had grown exponentially and is expanding continuously, it has become a major role in communication and information distribution. In this essay I will examine the difference between digital and printed newspapers, how digital newspapers affect the printed newspaper’s circulation. And ultimately discover the future of hard-copy newspaper. The production of hard-copy newspaper requires expensive equipment, but there is no equipment requirement on the user’s side....   [tags: digital and printing newspaper] 588 words
(1.7 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Digital History: Leading the Rise of Mass Communication Essay - Digital History focuses on the period from 1880 -1920 as leading the rise of mass communication, with the introduction of the mass market newspapers. Advertising became popular in the late 1800s, as photography, radio, and movies became part of the mainstream media. Marconi introduced wireless communications in 1895, which lead to commercial radio broadcasting in 1920 and television broadcasts in 1939. However, with the rise of mass media, other issues developed as well, because the tracking and monitoring of people became that much easier....   [tags: newspapers, advertising] 897 words
(2.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
History of Satellite Communications Essay - History of Satellite Communications The first idea of satellite communication came from an article in 1945 named Wireless World, where Author C. Clarke described the use of manned satellites in 24 hour orbits to distribute television programs. However, the first person to carefully evaluate the technical and financial aspects of such a venture was John R. Pierce of Bell Telephone Laboratories (Whalen, n.d.). In a 1954 speech and 1955 article, Pierce described the usefulness of a communications "mirror" in space, a medium-orbit "repeater" and a 24-hour-orbit "repeater." In comparing the communications capacity of a satellite, which he estimated the capacity at 1,000 simultaneous tel...   [tags: History Satellite Communication] 1783 words
(5.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Telegraph Communication In The Civil War Essay - I. The Telegraph and Abraham Lincoln The urgency of communication was never much felt until the beginning and use of telegraphy. It was much easier to transmit and receive messages over long distances that no longer needed physical transport of letters. As such, Abraham Lincoln made use of this medium described in an unprecedented manner that revolutionized and secured the status and dealings of his national leadership. When Lincoln arrived for the 1861 inaugural, there were no existing telegraph line to the War Department and even the White House itself....   [tags: US History Civil War Communication] 1836 words
(5.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]

Related Searches

Put in place by Cyrus in about 540 BC to control his new empire, the largest yet known, it is much improved upon by Darius a generation later.


Imperial communication: 522-486 BC

Darius extends the network of roads across the Persian empire, to enable both troops and information to move with startling speed. At the centre of the system is the royal road from Susa to Sardis, a distance of some 2000 miles (3200 km). At intervals of a day's ride there are posting stations, where new men and fresh horses will be available at any moment to carry a document on through the next day's journey. The Greek historian Herodotus marvels at these Persian couriers.

By this method a message can travel the full distance of the road in ten days, at a speed of about 200 miles a day. A similar road goes down through Syria to the Mediterranean coast and Egypt. Another goes east to India.


Many different tongues are spoken in the Persian empire, from Egypt to India. But all the official messages travelling on the imperial roads are in one language, Aramaic. This Semitic tongue, deriving from a tribe in northern Syria, first spreads through Assyria. Then Babylonian merchants carry it further afield until, by the 6th century, it is in general use as a lingua franca throughout Mesopotamia.

As a language for the Persian civil service, Aramaic also has a practical advantage. It uses the alphabet of the Phoenician tongue, to which it is related. So its letters can be written on papyrus (easily portable) instead of needing to be pressed with a cuneiform stylus into wet clay.

Return to 123HelpMe.com