Communism had one of the greatest political impacts than any other political ideas in the 20th century around the world. What is important and interesting about communism is its background, concept, and why many countries apply to this idea. This essay will generally focus on the background, ideology, and why the countries and political parties
applied to this idea.
did not exist until the 18th century. The idea of communism originated from the industrial revolution in Great Britain and French Revolution in France
. These two revolutions had proven the fact that rich and power could be successfully challenged by the poor the powerless people. During this time ¡§A German philosopher and economist born in 1818, who lived most of his life in England, Karl Marx¡¨ (Communism, pg 7) was very aware of the huge gap between the rich and the poor. The poor were starving while the rich were luxurious and wealthy. Marx wanted to change this, and he wanted to make things right, so the best way to accomplish the goal is through the idea of socialism or communism
¡§The word communism comes from the French word ¡¥commun¡¦ which means ¡¥belong to all.¡¦¡¨ (Communism, pg 6) The idea and concept of communism is very similar to socialism. ¡§Under socialism, there will be shared ownership but people would still be rewarded according to how much work they have done.¡¨ (Communism, pg 5) In contrast, ¡§under communism, all the means of productions and distributions were publicly owned. There is no private or individual ownership of business or land.¡¨ (Counterpoints pg 50) Under Marx¡¦s postulation, when the idea of communism is used, there would be no racial or classical conflicts. Police will not be needed and people can live in harmony. Marx¡¦s theory won many supports from many countries and political parties throughout the world in the 20th century. They believed that Marx¡¦s theory Marx¡¦s idealism of communism will lead to a utopia world, and many believed that communism will eventually replace capitalism. Although the idea of communism was accepted, several years later, people were starting the reject the idea, because there is economic development to be considered. Under communism, people get the same property and income no matter how much work they have done. As a result, the economy will never be improved because people will not try their best to work.
Many countries including countries in Europe and Asia accepted the idea of communism. The most conspicuous ones are China and Russia. In 1917, in Russia, the Bolsherik Party, also known as the ¡§reds¡¨ joined by workers and soldiers, who wants better salary fought the civil war. This is known as the Russian Revolution. In 1922, Russia was ruled under a communist leader, and this is when the USSR was created. In China, thousands of students gathered in Peking (currently Beijing) protesting against the governments. Inspiring by Russia, students and workers, under the leadership of Mao Zedong formed CCP (Chinese Communist Party) in 1922. The Chinese Revolution was fought for 20 years (ended in 1949) and finally the CPP won the war. The same pattern also occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia between 1945 and 1975.
Although the idea of communism was popular in the 20th century, it is only a history after all. The disintegration of USSR proved that communism is not perfect for running a country. Although the idea of communism is most likely to be disappeared in the future, it is always interesting to discuss the background, ideology, and why the country applied to communism.