American History Terms


Length: 513 words (1.5 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Excellent
Open Document
Need writing help? Check your paper »

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Text Preview

More ↓
American History Terms


1. Government role in RR building- Congress was impressed by arguments supporting military and postal needs and began to advance liberal money loans to two favored cross- continent companies in 1862 and added enormous donations of land and tracks. Within the routes the RR’s were allowed to choose alternate mile- square sections in checkerboard fashion
2. Significance of Transcontinental RR- A magnificent engineering feat- most impressive peacetime undertakings. Welded West Coast firmly to the Union. Facilitated flourishing trade with Asia. Stimulated growth with the West. Architectural feat- increased nationalism. Huge fortunes, jobs.
3. Stock watering - favorite device of the moguls of manipulation. Originally meant the practice of making cattle thirsty by feeding them salt and then having them bloat themselves with water before they weighed in for sale. Using a variation of this, RR stock promoters grossly inflated their claims about a given line’s assets and profitability and sold stocks and bonds far in excess of the RR’s actual value.
4. Secret Rebates – kickbacks given to powerful shippers in return for steady and assured traffic- not given to everyone. Often slashed prices on competing lines, but more often mad up the difference on noncompeting ones
5. Wabash Case - 1886 Supreme Court ruled that said individual states had NO power to regulate interstate commerce. This would be done by the federal gov’t
6. Interstate Commerce Act - Prohibited rebates and pools and required the railroads to publish their rates openly. Forbade discrimination against shippers and outlawed charging more for a short haul than for a long one over the same line. Created Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) to enforce and administer the new legislation. It did not really beat corporate wealth, but it did provide a forum where businesses could resolve their conflicts peaceably.
7. Vertical and Horizontal integration - vertical integration was combining into one organization all phases of manufacturing from obtaining raw materials to marketing. It made supplies more reliable, controlled the quality of product at all states of production, and cut out middlemen’s fees and was perfected by Carnegie. Horizontal integration was consolidating with competitors to monopolize a given market, used a lot by Rockefeller.
8. Trust’s benefits – Gave consumers a superior product at a relatively cheap price. The efficient use of expensive machinery called large-scale production and consolidation proved more profitable than ruinous price wars.
9. Sherman Anti-Trust Act – 1890 – forbade combinations in restraint of trade, without any distinction between “good” and “bad” trusts.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"American History Terms." 123HelpMe.com. 10 Dec 2017
    <http://www.123HelpMe.com/view.asp?id=57932>.
Title Length Color Rating  
Key Vocabulary Terms from American History in the Early 1900s Essay - 1. Muckrakers- a name given to American journalist in the first decade of the 20th century. It’s originally derived from the name “muckrake” used in former President Theodore Roosevelt’s speech in 1906. Roosevelt saw them as irresponsible and that they raked in trash. After he made it known that one in particular stirred up trouble and lies through his writings, they were known to cause turmoil and scandal through yellow journalism, which distorted and exaggerated information in order to get more people to read the articles and attract their attention....   [tags: act, parties, movement, authority ] 1304 words
(3.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Terms Relating to The Article Of Confederation Essay - Confederacy - A confederacy is a form of government in which independent states are loosely joined, typically for common defense. Each independent state maintains power over the majority of its own affairs. Confederation Congress - The governing body that consisted of representatives from each of the 13 states. Congress governed the affairs of the United States between the ratification of the Articles of Confederation in 1781 and the ratification of the U.S. Constitution. Conservatives - Political leaders who favored the formation of a strong central government and who thought the Articles of Confederation should grant more powers to the national government than to the state government...   [tags: American History] 1378 words
(3.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Influence of the Enlightenment on American History - It was during and after the American Revolution that many of the main ideas of the Enlightenment were used as the guidelines to help influence things such as the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. The United States was founded on key figures such as Thomas Jefferson, who was greatly influenced by the Enlightenment ideas, which helped shaped the country as well. Great Britian had its own Enlightenment before America, whih was developed by thinkers like John Locke, and many others....   [tags: American History]
:: 1 Works Cited
869 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay on Treatment of The Native Americans Throughout American History - When Christopher Columbus stepped foot on the New Land on October 12, 1492, the White Man came in contact with people of entirely different values and cultures. From that moment, the Native American was exposed to the world. Because their lifestyle was so much unlike that of European descent, they were mostly portrayed negatively, simply because they were different. Native American stereotypes have developed that put our aborigines predecessors in the negative light. However, many New Englanders had experiences with Native Americans that allowed them to see their true potential in society....   [tags: American History, Stereotypes]
:: 9 Works Cited
1380 words
(3.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
History of the American Department Stores Essay - 1.0 - Introduction Over the years, the American department store has developed and evolved as not only a commercial business but also a cultural institution. While it has weathered many storms and changes since its inception and throughout history, its most predominant enemy has been a change in the lifestyle of the American people (Whitaker, 2013). As the customer’s needs and wants have shifted, department stores have struggled to keep up with demands. It has been argued that the decline of the department store has been ongoing for the last 50 years (Whitaker, 2013)....   [tags: commercial business, american market] 3093 words
(8.8 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
American History and World War II Essay - On December 7, 1941, with Japanese attack on Perl Harbor, all debate over avoiding war and the policy of American isolationism was gone. It was the beginning of a great war that brought death, devastation and finally the victory and power to United States. At the time of Roosevelt’s appointment in 1933, historically crucial events were taking place in Japan, Italy and Germany which had to shape the future and the fate of United States. This paper studies and analyses the major factors which contributed to American success both at home and abroad during WWII in addition to world’s view about American participation in war and bombings on Hiroshima and Nagasaki....   [tags: american history, world war II]
:: 2 Works Cited
1388 words
(4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Milestone Events in American History Essay - History Final 1. Cuban Missile Crisis The Cuban Missile Crisis, in 1962, was when Soviet Union attempted to place nuclear weapons in Cuba threating the United States to stay out. It was significant because for the 14 days it lasted; it was the closest the Cold War ever came to an actual nuclear conflict. As a result, the American people turned to consumerism and families for reliable comfort against the unreliableness of a nuclear attack. 2. Brown vs. the Board of Education. Brown vs. the Board of Education was important to American history because it ended segregation in schools....   [tags: Cuban missile crisis, freedom summer] 670 words
(1.9 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
History in Simple Terms Essay - History in Simple Terms Once, there were three size challenged pigs, of different nationalities, who lived together in mutual respect and in harmony with their environment. Using resources that were native to the area, Mr Australia built his house out of straw, Mr France built his out of sticks, and Mr America built his out of clay that was shaped into bricks and baked in a small energy-efficient oven. When their work was completed, and they were satisfied with their efforts, the three height impaired pigs settled down to live in peaceful autonomy....   [tags: Papers] 556 words
(1.6 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Essay on Consumption in American Culture at the End of History - Consumption in American Culture at the End of History In the novel Brave New World , the denizens of Aldous Huxley’s dystopia live in a rigidly structured consumer culture. From young ages, they are conditioned to hate the outdoors so that as adults they will prefer activities that require large amounts of manufactured products and long trips that utilize the maximum amount of infrastructure. That is what keeps the world humming, and there are important similarities between Huxley’s vision of social control through pleasure and the rigid policing of tastes, activities, and consumption in our own 21st century culture....   [tags: American History Culture Cultural Papers] 1815 words
(5.2 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay on Film Terms - I. Editing a. Terms i. Scenes are comprised of shots 1. Any movie ii. Editing is the joining of one shot to another 1. Dialogue is the clearest example iii. An establishing shot shows a change in scene 1. American Pie – Showing the outside of Stiffler’s house before going into the party scene iv. A shot is a segment of film 1. Any Movie b. History i. Birth of A Nation was the first film to use extensive editing ii. Who Framed Rodger Rabbit. was the first film to use humans and animation together iii....   [tags: essays research papers] 341 words
(1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]

Related Searches




Ineffective, because it contained many loopholes for corporate lawyers. It curbed labor unions or labor combinations that were deemed to be restraining trade. Not until 1914 were Sherman Act give some power to regulate trusts.
10. Strength of corporations over unions - Corporations used lawyers, local press, and pressured politicians to fight unions. Federal courts could be called upon to put injunction to stop strike. “Lockouts” – lock doors against rebellious workers until they were starved into submission. They used ironclad oaths or yellow dog contracts – could not join labor union. Blacklist – name of agitators sent among fellow employers. Employ scabs or thugs to beat up labor organizers.



Return to 123HelpMe.com