Length: 775 words (2.2 double-spaced pages)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Imperialism is the policy or action by which one country controls another country or territory. Most such control is achieved by military means to gain economic and political advantages. Such a policy is also called expansionism. An expansionist state that obtains overseas territories follows a policy usually called colonialism. An imperialist government may wish to gain new markets for its exports, plus sources of inexpensive labor and raw materials. A far-flung empire may satisfy a nation's desire for military advantage or recognition as a world power.
Imperialism has definitely played its role in our lifetime as well as in the 19th century. First of all we attacked Iraq regarding a power issue. We believed they had some powerful items in which could be harmful to our nation so we decided to attack them to ensure our security. Another one is how we attacked Japan because they were becoming to powerful. We have done a lot to these countries just so we could have the security of keeping our power. Military reasons are also another reason for Imperialism.
Since ancient times, nations have absorbed territory near their borders to
protect themselves from foreign attack. This kind of territory could be used as kind of a cushion support. This way they have land around them to help them stay secure.
In the late 1800's, many European powers had colonies throughout the world where their ships, both naval and merchant, could take on supplies. Imperialism can also be encouraged by patriotism, religion, and a sense of cultural and racial superiority. During the late 1800’s, a strong feeling of nationalism swept most European countries.
Many people believed their nation's greatness depended on the size of its territory. They encouraged expansion and the planting of their nation's flag on foreign soil. In addition, many Europeans considered the peoples of Africa and Asia to be racially inferior. The
lack of industrial development in these lands reinforced this prejudice. Many expansionists thought they had a God-given mission to take new territory and to spread Christianity and the benefits of European culture.
Another reason for Imperialism is also for trade reasons. America attacked a couple of countries just for such reasons. They just wanted better access for trade so they asked countries if they could set up bases in their land. Some countries have said no and have been defeated for such reasons. Industrialized nations can produce more manufactured goods than their people need or can afford to buy. Colonies may serve as markets for these unsold products. They also may provide cheap land, valuable natural resources, and investment opportunities for surplus capital. However, this theory does not fully explain imperialism because many colonies were not economically profitable.
Effects of imperialism include certain benefits that a ruling nation may
provide for territories that form part of its empire. For example, the colonial powers built new communications and transportation systems, established universities, and introduced modern medical practices. However, many nations took advantage of their colonies by exporting natural resources without providing economic return for most of the people. Many colonial administrations were insensitive to local customs and destroyed old ways of life.
Does the flag follow the business man or does the business man follow the flag. I guess the answer to this question is obvious. The government does follow the rich people. They protect them with extra care and they protect them with their military much more as well. In the other sense though the business man does not do anything in return for the country except give it what it needs for its protection. The government totally favors those who have political influence. They basically get away with everything. In the end the answer to this question is the flag follows the business man or in simple terms the government follows the rich man.