AIDS Em Sao Paulo(POR)


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AIDS em São Paulo

O Brasil ocupa lugar de destaque entre os países com maior número de casos conhecidos de AIDS, contabilizando 170.073 casos (até 30/08/99), com a epidemia sem evidencias de controle. A AIDS vem infectando principalmente pessoas cada vez mais jovens e pobres. As práticas sexuais são as formas de transmissão mais importante. Por outro lado, as mulheres vêm sendo infectadas mais e mais, com uma velocidade de aumento da epidemia superior ao que ocúrre entre os homens, sendo que nos últimos anos a relação entre os casos notificados em homens e mulheres é de 3 a 1. Um reflexo da epidemia alcança cada vez mais as mulheres, é a crescente repercussão na transmissão materno-infantil do HIV.

No Estado de São Paulo, este situação é particularmente mais grave, aqui já foram notificados 85.590 casos de AIDS (até 31/12/99), que é cerca de 50% dos casos notificados no Brasil. A Cidade de São Paulo, com uma população 30.000.000 habitantes, acumula 39.042 casos notificados (até 31/12/99), representando praticamente 25% dos casos do País. Aqui, a AIDS, representa a segunda causa de morte entre homens adultos desde 1991 e a primeira causa de morte entre as mulheres da mesma faixa etária desde 1993.

Com 70% da população que ganha até tres salários mínimos e quatro milhões de menores abandonados, não é difícil compreender a suitação. O crescimiento pode ser justificado por várias razões, tais como: mudanças do comportamento sexual; a relação direta e indireta com as drogas; a epidemia de AIDS; a dificuldade dos portadores de DST no acesso aos serviços públicos de saúde; entre outras. Esta dificuldade de acesso aos serviços públicos de saúde é observada em muitos estudos. São Paulo, sendo a cidade mais grande do Latin America, da um terrível prognóstico de o que pode ocorrer no resto de continente.

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A economia de São Paulo, que &#7869; responsável por a mitade da economia do pais, se há visto afectada por AIDS. É muito importante que medidas preventivas são usadas para combatir a epidemia, ou o que São Paulo hã visto até agora é nada comparado com o que o futuro nos trará.


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