History of the Computer


Length: 525 words (1.5 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Excellent
Open Document
Need writing help? Check your paper »

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Text Preview

More ↓
History of the Computer

The Analytical and Difference Engines (1835-1869): The English mathematician Charles Babbage (1792-1871) never got to build his invention, but his design had an uncanny resemblance to the modern computer. Ada Lovelace, Lord Byron's daughter, wrote eloquently about the device and was history's first programmer.

The ABC (Atanasoff Berry Computer) (1938): John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry designed the first electronic digital computer at Iowa State, and urged the university to patent their design. Nothing was ever done and millions in potential royalties were lost. The project was abandoned in 1942 without building the computer.

The ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Calculator) (1946): was built at the University of Pennsylvania by John W. Mauchly and J. Presper Eckert. Recognized as the first operational electronic computer, it could perform 5,000 additions per second, weighed 30 tons, and required 1,500 square feet of floor space.

UNIVAC I (Universal Automatic Computer) (1951): The world's first commercial computer (a total of 15 were sold) gained public recognition when it was used by CBS to predict Eisenhower's 1952 presidential election. The original UNIVAC was officially retired on October 3, 1963, after 73,000 hours of operation, and is now on display at the Smithsonian Institution.

The IBM 360 (1964): The 360 series pioneered the concept of upward compatibility whereby a user could upgrade from one computer to the next without having to reprogram existing applications. The machine was viewed as an enormous financial gamble, but paid off handsomely as it gave IBM a dominance in mainframes which it has never relinquished.

Altair 8800 (1975): The January 1975 issue of Popular Electronics featured the Altair 8800 on its cover: the first personal computer and a machine that the hobbyist could build from a kit. 2000 adventurous readers sent in their orders (sight unseen) for a kit that cost $439. The Altair had no keyboard or monitor and no available software and was programmed by switches on the front panel.

Apple II (1977): The Apple Il was a fully assembled home computer in an attractive case, complete with keyboard, connection to a TV screen, color, memory to 64Kb, and BASIC interpreter. The machine was to launch the personal computer revolution and vault its founders, Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs, from garage to glory.

IBM PC (1981): IBM was neither first nor technologically innovative, but their announcement put the personal computer on the desks of America's business people, just as Apple had put the computer in the home.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"History of the Computer." 123HelpMe.com. 15 Dec 2017
    <http://www.123HelpMe.com/view.asp?id=46300>.
Title Length Color Rating  
The History of Computer Programming Essay - Computer programming, now a very contemporary work, can date back into the 1800s with the creation of the first analytical machines (Moore). Later, developing into complex algorithms that are used everywhere, we see a piece of modern technology. The history of computer programming, while long, is a very interesting topic that can be easily understood and related back to great inventions that helped change the course of history over the years. Starting with the microchip and leading into devices the size of a pencil that contain more processing power than the room sized computers that were widely used in the late 1960s....   [tags: computer science, algorithms, compilers]
:: 5 Works Cited
938 words
(2.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
History of the computer Essay - Every day, millions of people use many forms of computers. From laptops to iPods™, they are used for many purposes. There are many, many things you could do with the power of a computer, but what really defines a computer and what composes it. The computer, a simple binary machine that was imagined by Charles Babbage now using many important parts, has progressed over many years to become the best invention ever to be conceived. In definition, computers are devices that when given instructions and raw data (input), will give out finalized data through calculations (output) by the use of hardware and software....   [tags: Technological Advancements, Computers]
:: 1 Works Cited
1110 words
(3.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The History of Computer Development Essay examples - ... The UNIVAC was the first commercial computer created and sold to a client that is, the U.S. Census Bureau in 1951. Then came the second generation (1956-1963) of computer that was the Transistors. Transistors replaced the vacuum tubes of the 1st generation computing device and ushered to the second generation of computer device. The transistor was invented in 1947.But unfortunately they did not see widespread use in computers only until the late 1950s.The transistor was far more superior than the 1st generation vacuum tube, and allowing computers to become even more cheaper, faster, smaller, greater energy-efficient and more reliable than their first-generation predecessors....   [tags: generation of computers, powerful, cheaper] 609 words
(1.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The History of the Computer Essay - The History of the Computer "This reminds me of a revelation I had a few years ago, after getting my first CD-ROM drive. I'd manage to misplace a CD containing a multimedia encyclopedia and eventually found it sitting on the floor under my desk. I realised then that never before in human history had it been possible to lose an entire 28 volume encyclopedia by dropping it behind a piece of furniture. Now that's what I call progress!" (Computer Quotes) The information age is marked by the widespread use of the personal computer....   [tags: Computers Technology Technological Essays]
:: 6 Works Cited
812 words
(2.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
History of the Computer Essay - History of the Computer COMPUTER Generally, a computer is any device that can perform numerical Calculations --even an adding machine, an abacus, or a slide rule. Currently, however, the term usually refers to an electronic device that can use a list of instructions, called a program, to perform calculations or to store, manipulate, and retrieve information. Today's computers are marvels of miniaturization. Machines that once weighed 30 tons and occupied warehouse-size rooms now may weigh as little as three pounds (1.4 kilograms) and can be carried in a suit pocket....   [tags: Computers Technology Historical Essays] 4318 words
(12.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
History of the Computer Essay example - History of the Computer The history of the computer can be dated back for years and years and there is still much more to learn and know as we advance our knowledge with this technology. Webster's Dictionary defines computer as, “any programmable electronic device that can store, retrieve, and process data” (A brief 2004). The core word compute in computer has been termed for over 2000 years. In the beginning, a wooden rack holding strings by two horizontal bars was the very first calculator recorded....   [tags: essays papers]
:: 9 Works Cited
1154 words
(3.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay History of the Computer - History of the Computer The Analytical and Difference Engines (1835-1869): The English mathematician Charles Babbage (1792-1871) never got to build his invention, but his design had an uncanny resemblance to the modern computer. Ada Lovelace, Lord Byron's daughter, wrote eloquently about the device and was history's first programmer. The ABC (Atanasoff Berry Computer) (1938): John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry designed the first electronic digital computer at Iowa State, and urged the university to patent their design....   [tags: Technology] 525 words
(1.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
History of the Computer Essay examples - In this report, you’ll about the components and history regarding the computer. A computer is a devise that processes, organize, and calculate, displays information. It can communicate with other computers all over the world. The most powerful computer can perform 10s of billion of calculations per second. People use computers for business, track inventories, and use bar codes, personal home use and other things. Computers can produce information, numbers, images, sounds and movies. Embedded computers control devices such as remote controls....   [tags: essays research papers] 911 words
(2.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on computer history - Every aspect of our life in this day and age involves technology. At the forefront of the trend is an advanced machine called the computer. Everywhere you turn, you see some facet of its work. Computers link together almost all government and economic fractions of our world with silicon chips and electrical signals. The list of tasks it can perform is amazing. With intricate parts and super fast circuitry, computers are a complex technological wonder. Its history is interesting but its evolution is amazing....   [tags: essays research papers] 417 words
(1.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
History of Computer Animation Essay - History of Computer Animation To look at him, you would not think that Phil Tippett is the creator of some of the most horrific and terrifying monsters ever witnessed by the human race. A quite normal-looking man of average height, with thinning grey hair, he has been at the forefront of movie animation for almost three decades. Phil Tippett is one of the greatest animators of all time, starting off with the age-old techniques of stop-motion and then moving on to the technical computer generated wizardry of today....   [tags: Computers Animation Essays]
:: 1 Works Cited
1772 words
(5.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]

Related Searches




By 1985 IBM had manufactured its three millionth PC, and had spawned an entire industry in the process.

Apple Macintosh (1984): The Macintosh was far from an instant success, but once Apple got the bugs out and added an internal hard disk, laser printer, and expanded memory, the machine took off. It's ease of use and graphical interface offered an entirely different perspective on computing.

The PC Today (2006): The march of technology is relentless and astounding and today’s PC runs rings around its predecessor. Today you can buy a Pentium processor with 124MB of RAM, a 50GB hard drive, a 21-inch monitor, a quad-speed DVD, and a sound card, all for approximately $300.


Return to 123HelpMe.com